Chipre

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

Chipre (en griego: Κύπρος, Kýpros; en turco: Kıbrıs), oficialmente la República de Chipre (en griego: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Kypriakí Dimokratía; en turco: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), es un Estado miembro de la Unión Europea situado en la isla homónima, cuya forma de gobierno es la república presidencialista. Su territorio está organizado en seis distritos administrativos. Su capital es Nicosia.
Esta república es un Estado internacionalmente reconocido, pero solo controla dos tercios de la isla (véase partición de Chipre). El tercio restante (el norte de la isla) fue ocupado por Turquía en 1974, instaurando la República Turca del Norte de Chipre. A este último territorio lo reconoce sólo la República de Turquía. En la isla también se encuentran dos bases militares soberanas ("Sovereign Base Areas" SBAs) de Acrotiri y Dhekelia, pertenecientes al Reino Unido. La isla de Chipre está situada en el mar Mediterráneo, 113 km al sur de Turquía, 120 km al oeste de Siria, y 150 km. al este de la isla griega de Kastellórizo. Chipre ingresó como miembro de las Naciones Unidas el 20 de septiembre de 1960.
Geográficamente, Chipre pertenece al suroeste asiático (más específicamente, al Cercano Oriente), pero política y culturalmente se considera como parte de Europa.[6]​ Históricamente ha sido siempre un puente principal entre los tres continentes, África, Asia y Europa.[7]​ En tamaño, Chipre es la tercera isla más grande del Mediterráneo, después de Sicilia y Cerdeña. Esta isla tiene una longitud de unos 160 km, a los que hay que añadir los 72 km de un estrecho brazo de tierra situado en su extremo nororiental. La anchura máxima de Chipre es de 97 km.
Por lo que la historia parece indicar, Chipre debió de ser la “Kitim” de las Escrituras Hebreas. (Isa 23:1, 12; Da 11:30.) La isla era famosa no solo por su cobre, sino también por su excelente madera, en particular la de ciprés, que se exportaba a Tiro, en la costa fenicia, para la construcción de barcos. (Eze 27:2, 6.)[8]​


Summary
Instruments ratified: 162 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 58.72%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 64.38%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 28 / 194
Comparative Statistical Analysis
ADUANASInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Codificación aduanera2/3 (66.67%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Cooperación aduanera3/6 (50.00%)60.00%26.00%4Strong
Derechos de aduana6/9 (66.67%)74.07%30.00%18Strong
Importaciones temporales8/11 (72.73%)82.35%28.00%18Strong
Tránsito1/4 (25.00%)27.27%28.00%62Weak
Total2070.65%31.00%23Strong
 
BUENA GOBERNABILIDAD Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Corrupción2/4 (50.00%)66.67%50.00%34Strong
Objetos culturales3/4 (75.00%)81.25%54.00%21Strong
Estupefacientes3/3 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Información privilegiada1/1 (100.00%)100.00%4.00%1Strong
Delincuencia organizada2/2 (100.00%)100.00%80.00%1Strong
Total1186.54%68.00%14Strong
 
CONTRATOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Representacion0/20.00%2.00%8Weak
Conflicto de leyes0/70.00%3.00%27Weak
Comercio electronico0/30.00%18.00%70Weak
Franchising0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Leasing/Factoring0/20.00%5.00%13Weak
Principios, usos, y normas0/20.00%0.00%1Average
Contratación pública0/40.00%3.00%31Weak
Venta de mercancías1/5 (20.00%)45.45%25.00%29Strong
Contratos de viaje0/10.00%3.00%7Weak
Total17.25%9.00%94Weak
 
CONTROVERSIAS, ARBITRAJE E TRIBUNALESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Arbitraje2/6 (33.33%)50.00%32.00%29Strong
Cooperacion judicial5/5 (100.00%)100.00%36.00%1Strong
Reconocimiento de juicios extranjeros2/2 (100.00%)100.00%2.00%1Strong
Competencia judicial1/4 (25.00%)100.00%14.00%1Strong
Procedimento judicial0/10.00%6.00%12Weak
Inmunidades de los Estados0/10.00%11.00%22Weak
Total1072.00%29.00%6Strong
 
DERECHO DE LOS TRATATOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
General3/4 (75.00%)91.67%30.00%4Strong
Total391.67%30.00%4Strong
 
DERECHOS DEL HOMBRE Y NORMAS DEL TRABAJOInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Derechos del Hombre7/7 (100.00%)100.00%96.00%1Weak
Normas del trabajo8/8 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Total15100.00%91.00%1Average
 
FINANCIACIONES, PAGO E INSOLVENCIAInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
0/10.00%1.00%2Weak
Quiebra e insolvencia0/10.00%21.00%41Weak
Letras de cambio y pagares1/4 (25.00%)10.00%8.00%32Strong
Cheques1/3 (33.33%)20.00%13.00%26Strong
Transferencias internacionales0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Garantias 0/30.00%20.00%75Weak
Total24.88%12.00%113Weak
 
INVERSIONESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Controversias en materia de inversiones 1/2 (50.00%)50.00%39.00%2Strong
Garantía de inversiones1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total266.67%57.00%2Strong
 
MEDIO AMBIENTE Y PRODUCTOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air4/5 (80.00%)80.00%86.00%59Weak
Produtos químicos1/1 (100.00%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Energía2/2 (100.00%)100.00%25.00%1Strong
Fauna y flora7/10 (70.00%)76.09%68.00%46Strong
Alimentos 2/2 (100.00%)100.00%79.00%1Strong
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Rios internacionales0/10.00%18.00%36Weak
Esapcios marítimos y derecho del mar 18/26 (69.23%)71.74%46.00%36Strong
Zonas geográficas protegidas 0/10.00%27.00%54Weak
Residuos1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total3676.04%61.00%35Strong
 
OMCInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Acuerdos Plurilaterales1/2 (50.00%)50.00%18.00%26Strong
Acuerdos de la OMC1/1 (100.00%)100.00%81.00%1Strong
Total272.73%47.00%26Strong
 
PARTICIPACIóN INSTITUCIONAL Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Controversias, arbitraje e tribunales1/1 (100.00%)100.00%39.00%1Strong
Derecho Mercantil Internacional 9/10 (90.00%)90.00%73.00%34Strong
Instituciones de apoyo comercial6/6 (100.00%)100.00%51.00%1Strong
Total1694.12%63.00%22Strong
 
PRODUCTOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Recursos marinos0/10.00%24.00%48Weak
Maderas0/10.00%31.00%61Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%92.00%1Weak
Total138.46%53.00%85Weak
 
PROPIEDAD INTELECTUALInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Radiodifusión1/1 (100.00%)100.00%47.00%1Strong
Derecho de autor3/3 (100.00%)100.00%65.00%1Strong
Diseños Industriales 0/20.00%31.00%82Weak
Circuitos integrados0/10.00%2.00%4Weak
Derechos conexos3/3 (100.00%)100.00%46.00%1Strong
Origen0/30.00%14.00%51Weak
Patentes2/5 (40.00%)47.62%57.00%87Weak
Marcas3/6 (50.00%)59.09%33.00%46Strong
Obtenciones vegetales0/10.00%37.00%73Weak
Total1254.74%42.00%68Strong
 
TRANSPORTE Y TELECOMUNICACIONESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Trasporto aéreo5/7 (71.43%)90.48%59.00%4Strong
Aviones y aviación civil 5/9 (55.56%)76.00%74.00%80Weak
Embarcaciones y líneas de carga 11/13 (84.62%)94.29%66.00%11Strong
Trasporto marítimo4/12 (33.33%)33.33%27.00%55Strong
Trasporto multimodal 0/20.00%4.00%15Weak
Trasporto ferroviario0/30.00%22.00%50Weak
Carretera2/4 (50.00%)44.44%31.00%63Strong
Espacial3/4 (75.00%)83.33%40.00%16Strong
Telecomunicationes1/2 (50.00%)83.33%47.00%26Strong
Total3165.54%50.00%41Strong
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
ContractsSale of Goods
CustomsCustoms Codification
CustomsCustoms Cooperation
CustomsExemption from Duties
CustomsTemporary Admission
Dispute resolutionArbitration
Dispute resolutionJudicial cooperation
Dispute resolutionRecognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolutionState court jurisdiction
Environment and productsChemicals
Environment and productsEnergy
Environment and productsFlora and fauna
Environment and productsFoodstuff
Environment and productsMaritime and Law of the Sea
Finance, payments and insolvencyBills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvencyCheques
Good Governance Corruption
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Insider Trading
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour StandardsLabour Standards
Institutional ParticipationDispute Resolution
Institutional ParticipationInternational Trade Law
Institutional ParticipationTrade support institutions
Intellectual propertyBroadcasting
Intellectual propertyCopyright
Intellectual propertyNeighboring Rights
Intellectual propertyTrademarks
InvestmentsInvestment disputes
Transport and telecommunicationsAir transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRoad transport
Transport and telecommunicationsSpace
Transport and telecommunicationsTelecommunications
Treaties lawGeneral
WTOPlurilateral Agreements
WTOWTO Agreements
 
Average
ContractsFranchising
ContractsPrinciples, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvencyCredit transfers
 
Weak
ContractsAgency
ContractsConflict of laws
ContractsE-commerce
ContractsLeasing/Factoring
ContractsProcurement
ContractsTravel contracts
CustomsTransit
Dispute resolutionState court procedure
Dispute resolutionState immunities
Environment and productsAir
Environment and productsGeneral
Environment and productsInternational watercourses
Environment and productsProtected geographical areas
Environment and productsWaste
Finance, payments and insolvencyAssignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvencyBankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvencyInternational guarantees
Good Governance Drugs
Human Rights and Labour StandardsHuman rights
Intellectual propertyIndustrial designs
Intellectual propertyIntegrated circuits
Intellectual propertyOrigin
Intellectual propertyPatents
Intellectual propertyVarieties of plants
InvestmentsInvestment guaranty
ProductsGeneral
ProductsMarine Resources
ProductsTimber
Transport and telecommunicationsAircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunicationsMulti modal transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRail transport
Instruments ratifications

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