Madagascar

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

The Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara, Malagasy pronunciation: [republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French: République de Madagascar), or Madagascar (; Malagasy: Madagasikara) (and previously known as the Malagasy Republic), is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometres (250 miles) off the coast of East Africa across the Mozambique Channel. At 592,800 square kilometres (228,900 sq mi) Madagascar is the world's second-largest country that consists primarily of islands, after Indonesia. The nation consists of the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world) and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is endemic.
Human settlement of Madagascar occurred during or before the mid first millennium AD by Austronesian peoples, presumably arriving on outrigger canoes from present-day Indonesia. These were joined around the 9th century AD by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into 18 or more subgroups, of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.
Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting sociopolitical alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar by a series of Merina nobles. The monarchy ended in 1897 when the island was absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island gained independence in 1960. The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed republics. Since 1992, the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo. However, in a 2009 political crisis, president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina. Constitutional governance was restored in January 2014, when Hery Rajaonarimampianina was named president following a 2013 election deemed fair and transparent by the international community. Madagascar is a member of the United Nations, the African Union (AU), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.
Madagascar belongs to the group of least developed countries, according to the United Nations. Malagasy and French are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to Christianity, traditional beliefs, or an amalgamation of the two. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health, and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar's development strategy. Under Ravalomanana, these investments produced substantial economic growth, but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class. As of 2017, the economy has been weakened by the 2009–2013 political crisis, and quality of life remains low for the majority of the Malagasy population.


Summary
Instruments ratified: 104 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 37.59%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 43.30%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 107 / 194
Eastern Africa rank: 3 / 17
Eastern Africa Avg. Ratifications: 84 / 282
Least developed countries rank: 5 / 48
Least developed countries Avg. Ratifications: 79 / 282
Comparative Statistical Analysis
CONTRACTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Agency0/20.00%2.00%8Weak
Conflict of laws0/70.00%3.00%27Weak
E-commerce2/3 (66.67%)66.67%18.00%2Strong
Franchising0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Leasing/Factoring0/20.00%5.00%13Weak
Principles, trade usages and standards0/20.00%0.00%1Average
Procurement1/4 (25.00%)21.43%3.00%1Strong
Sale of Goods1/5 (20.00%)45.45%25.00%29Strong
Travel contracts0/10.00%3.00%7Weak
Total426.09%9.00%8Strong
 
CUSTOMSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Customs Codification2/3 (66.67%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Customs Cooperation1/6 (16.67%)33.33%26.00%71Strong
Exemption from Duties3/9 (33.33%)25.93%30.00%89Weak
Temporary Admission3/11 (27.27%)32.35%28.00%66Strong
Transit0/40.00%28.00%98Weak
Total930.43%31.00%84Weak
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTIONInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Arbitration2/6 (33.33%)50.00%32.00%29Strong
Judicial cooperation0/50.00%36.00%119Weak
Recognition of foreign judgments0/20.00%2.00%6Weak
State court jurisdiction0/40.00%14.00%29Weak
State court procedure0/10.00%6.00%12Weak
State immunities 0/10.00%11.00%22Weak
Total220.00%29.00%95Weak
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air5/5 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Chemicals1/1 (100.00%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Energy0/20.00%25.00%50Weak
Flora and fauna6/10 (60.00%)65.22%68.00%91Weak
Foodstuff2/2 (100.00%)100.00%79.00%1Strong
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
International watercourses0/10.00%18.00%36Weak
Maritime and Law of the Sea8/26 (30.77%)41.30%46.00%118Weak
Protected geographical areas 0/10.00%27.00%54Weak
Waste1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total2460.42%61.00%108Weak
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCYInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Assignment of receivables0/10.00%1.00%2Weak
Bankruptcy and insolvency0/10.00%21.00%41Weak
Bills of exchange and promissory notes0/40.00%8.00%43Weak
Cheques0/30.00%13.00%36Weak
Credit transfers0/10.00%0.00%1Average
International guarantees2/3 (66.67%)54.55%20.00%5Strong
Total214.63%12.00%52Strong
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Corruption1/4 (25.00%)41.67%50.00%92Weak
Cultural Property3/4 (75.00%)68.75%54.00%38Strong
Drugs3/3 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Insider Trading0/10.00%4.00%9Weak
Organized crime2/2 (100.00%)100.00%80.00%1Strong
Total975.00%68.00%56Average
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Human Rights7/7 (100.00%)100.00%96.00%1Weak
Labour Standards8/8 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Total15100.00%91.00%1Average
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATIONInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Dispute Resolution0/10.00%39.00%77Weak
International Trade Law 7/10 (70.00%)70.00%73.00%84Weak
Trade support institutions2/6 (33.33%)33.33%51.00%114Weak
Total952.94%63.00%108Weak
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Broadcasting0/10.00%47.00%93Weak
Copyright2/3 (66.67%)90.91%65.00%48Strong
Industrial designs0/20.00%31.00%82Weak
Integrated circuits0/10.00%2.00%4Weak
Neighboring Rights1/3 (33.33%)38.46%46.00%85Weak
Origin0/30.00%14.00%51Weak
Patents2/5 (40.00%)47.62%57.00%87Weak
Trademarks1/6 (16.67%)22.73%33.00%86Weak
Varieties of plants0/10.00%37.00%73Weak
Total631.58%42.00%108Weak
 
INVESTMENTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Investment disputes1/2 (50.00%)50.00%39.00%2Strong
Investment guaranty1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total266.67%57.00%2Strong
 
PRODUCTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Marine Resources0/10.00%24.00%48Weak
Timber0/10.00%31.00%61Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%92.00%1Weak
Total138.46%53.00%85Weak
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air transport4/7 (57.14%)76.19%59.00%54Strong
Aircrafts and civil aviation 8/9 (88.89%)96.00%74.00%2Strong
Maritime shipping and load lines 4/13 (30.77%)51.43%66.00%154Weak
Maritime transport3/12 (25.00%)20.83%27.00%103Weak
Multi modal transport 0/20.00%4.00%15Weak
Rail transport0/30.00%22.00%50Weak
Road transport0/40.00%31.00%86Weak
Space1/4 (25.00%)50.00%40.00%76Strong
Telecommunications0/20.00%47.00%114Weak
Total2044.59%50.00%117Weak
 
TREATIES LAWInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
General0/40.00%30.00%113Weak
Total00.00%30.00%113Weak
 
WTOInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Plurilateral Agreements0/20.00%18.00%45Weak
WTO Agreements1/1 (100.00%)100.00%81.00%1Strong
Total145.45%47.00%45Weak
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
ContractsE-commerce
ContractsProcurement
ContractsSale of Goods
CustomsCustoms Codification
CustomsCustoms Cooperation
CustomsTemporary Admission
Dispute resolutionArbitration
Environment and productsAir
Environment and productsChemicals
Environment and productsFoodstuff
Finance, payments and insolvencyInternational guarantees
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour StandardsLabour Standards
Intellectual propertyCopyright
InvestmentsInvestment disputes
Transport and telecommunicationsAir transport
Transport and telecommunicationsAircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunicationsSpace
WTOWTO Agreements
 
Average
ContractsFranchising
ContractsPrinciples, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvencyCredit transfers
 
Weak
ContractsAgency
ContractsConflict of laws
ContractsLeasing/Factoring
ContractsTravel contracts
CustomsExemption from Duties
CustomsTransit
Dispute resolutionJudicial cooperation
Dispute resolutionRecognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolutionState court jurisdiction
Dispute resolutionState court procedure
Dispute resolutionState immunities
Environment and productsEnergy
Environment and productsFlora and fauna
Environment and productsGeneral
Environment and productsInternational watercourses
Environment and productsMaritime and Law of the Sea
Environment and productsProtected geographical areas
Environment and productsWaste
Finance, payments and insolvencyAssignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvencyBankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvencyBills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvencyCheques
Good Governance Corruption
Good Governance Drugs
Good Governance Insider Trading
Human Rights and Labour StandardsHuman rights
Institutional ParticipationDispute Resolution
Institutional ParticipationInternational Trade Law
Institutional ParticipationTrade support institutions
Intellectual propertyBroadcasting
Intellectual propertyIndustrial designs
Intellectual propertyIntegrated circuits
Intellectual propertyNeighboring Rights
Intellectual propertyOrigin
Intellectual propertyPatents
Intellectual propertyTrademarks
Intellectual propertyVarieties of plants
InvestmentsInvestment guaranty
ProductsGeneral
ProductsMarine Resources
ProductsTimber
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMulti modal transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRail transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRoad transport
Transport and telecommunicationsTelecommunications
Treaties lawGeneral
WTOPlurilateral Agreements
Instruments ratifications
CONTRACTSWeight: 9/10
AgencyRat. DateRelevance
14/03/1978
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 14 March 1978 on the Law Applicable to Agency
--
1
15/02/1983
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
--
1
Conflict of lawsRat. DateRelevance
01/07/1985
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 July 1985 on the Law Applicable to Trusts and on their Recognition
--
1
01/06/1956
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 June 1956 concerning the recognition of the legal personality of foreign companies, associations and institutions
--
0
15/04/1958
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 April 1958 on the law governing transfer of title in international sales of goods
--
0
15/06/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 June 1955 on the law applicable to international sales of goods
--
1
02/10/1973
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 2 October 1973 on the Law Applicable to Products Liability
--
1
22/12/1986
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 22 December 1986 on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
1
05/07/2006
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 5 July 2006 on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in respect of Securities held with an Intermediary
--
3
E-commerceRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1996
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce
01/01/2014
5
05/07/2001
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures
01/01/2014
5
23/11/2005
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts
--
5
FranchisingRat. DateRelevance
01/08/1998
(Rome, Italy)
Guide to International Master Franchise Arrangements
--
3
01/09/2002
(Rome, Italy)
Model Franchise Disclosure Law
--
3
Leasing/FactoringRat. DateRelevance
28/05/1988
(Ottawa, Canada)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Factoring
--
3
28/05/1988
(Ottawa, Canada)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing
--
3
Principles, trade usages and standardsRat. DateRelevance
01/05/2000
(Paris, France)
Abbreviations of Incoterms / Alphabetic Code for Incoterms 2000
--
5
21/04/2004
(Rome, Italy)
UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts
--
5
ProcurementRat. DateRelevance
09/12/1994
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services, with Guide to Enactment
30/11/2004
3
01/01/1999
(Washington D.C., USA)
Guidelines Procurement under IBRD Loans and IDA Credits
--
5
09/12/2003
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects
--
3
09/12/1993
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods and Construction
--
3
Sale of GoodsRat. DateRelevance
11/04/1980
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
24/09/2014
5
14/06/1974
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods
--
1
01/07/1964
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention Relating to a Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
1
01/07/1964
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention Relating to a Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods
--
1
11/04/1980
(Vienna, Austria)
Protocol amending the Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods
--
3
31/01/1988
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Legal Guide on Drawing Up International Contracts for the Construction of Industrial Works
--
3
Travel contractsRat. DateRelevance
23/04/1970
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Travel Contracts
--
1
 
CUSTOMSWeight: 9/10
Customs CodificationRat. DateRelevance
14/06/1983
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
22/12/1987
5
24/06/1986
(Brussels, Belgium)
Protocol of Amendment to the International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
22/12/1987
0
01/07/1955
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention on Nomenclature for the Classification of Goods in Customs Tariffs
--
0
Customs CooperationRat. DateRelevance
26/06/1999
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of Customs procedures (Kyoto Convention)
27/07/2007
5
15/12/1950
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes
--
0
09/06/1977
(Nairobi, Kenya)
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance for the Prevention, Investigation and Repression of Customs Offences
--
3
27/06/2003
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters
--
3
21/10/1982
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods
--
1
18/05/1973
(Kyoto, Japan)
International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures
--
3
Exemption from DutiesRat. DateRelevance
01/12/1964
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention Concerning Welfare Materials for Seafarers
30/09/1966
1
10/12/1948
(Beirout, Lebanon)
Agreement for Facilitating the International Circulation of Visual and Auditory Materials of an Educational, Scientific and Cultural Character
23/05/1962
3
17/06/1950
(Florence, Italy)
Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials
23/05/1962
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Additional Protocol to the Convention concerning Customs Facilities for Touring, relating to the Importation of Tourist Publicity Documents and Material
--
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Convention concerning Customs Facilities for Touring
--
5
21/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on Customs Treatment of Pool Containers used in International Transport
--
3
02/12/1972
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on Containers
--
3
07/11/1952
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention to Facilitate the Importation of Commercial Samples and Advertising Materials
--
3
26/11/1976
(Nairobi, Kenya)
Protocol to the Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials
--
3
Temporary AdmissionRat. DateRelevance
26/06/1990
(Istanbul, Turkey)
Convention on Temporary Admission
02/06/2008
5
08/06/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention Concerning Facilities for the Importation of Goods for Display or Use at Exhibitions, Fairs, Meetings or Similar Events
12/04/1962
3
08/06/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Professional Equipment
12/04/1962
3
01/03/1956
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on ECS Carnets for Commercial Samples
--
0
06/12/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the A.T.A. Carnet for the Temporary Admission of Goods
--
3
18/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation for Private Use of Aircraft and Pleasure Boats
--
3
18/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Commercial Road Vehicles
--
3
06/10/1960
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Packings
--
3
08/06/1970
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Pedagogic Material
--
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Private Road Vehicles
--
5
11/06/1968
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Scientific Equipment
--
3
TransitRat. DateRelevance
20/04/1921
(Barcelona, Spain)
Convention and Statute on Freedom of Transit
--
5
08/07/1965
(New York, USA)
Convention on Transit Trade of Land-Locked States
--
3
07/06/1971
(Vienna, Austria)
Customs Convention on the International Transit of Goods (ITI)
--
0
14/11/1975
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets
--
3
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTIONWeight: 9/10
ArbitrationRat. DateRelevance
21/06/1985
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985), with amendments as adopted in 2006
30/11/1998
5
10/06/1958
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards
16/07/1962
5
26/09/1927
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards
--
1
24/09/1923
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Protocol on Arbitration Clauses
--
1
28/04/1976
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules
--
3
23/07/1980
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules
--
3
19/11/2002
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation
--
3
28/06/1996
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Notes on Organizing Arbitral Proceedings
--
1
06/12/2013
(New York)
UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
3
10/12/2014
(Port Louis, Mauritius)
United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
5
Judicial cooperationRat. DateRelevance
01/03/1954
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 March 1954 on civil procedure
--
1
15/11/1965
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 November 1965 on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters
--
5
18/03/1970
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 18 March 1970 on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters
--
5
25/10/1980
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 25 October 1980 on International Access to Justice
--
3
05/10/1961
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents
--
5
Recognition of foreign judgmentsRat. DateRelevance
01/02/1971
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 February 1971 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters
--
1
01/02/1971
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Supplementary Protocol of 1 February 1971 to the Hague Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters
--
1
State court jurisdictionRat. DateRelevance
15/04/1958
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 April 1958 on the jurisdiction of the selected forum in the case of international sales of goods
--
0
15/06/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 June 1955 relating to the settlement of the conflicts between the law of nationality and the law of domicile
--
0
25/11/1965
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 25 November 1965 on the Choice of Court
--
0
30/06/2005
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 30 June 2005 on the Choice of Court Agreements
--
5
State court procedureRat. DateRelevance
10/05/1952
(Bruxelles, Belgium)
International convention for the unification of certain rules relating to the arrest of seagoing ships
23/04/1958
1
12/03/1999
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on Arrest of Ships
--
1
State immunities Rat. DateRelevance
02/12/2004
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property
--
3
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTSWeight: 9/10
AirRat. DateRelevance
12/12/2015
(Paris, France)
The Paris Agreement
21/09/2016
5
11/12/1997
(Kyoto, Japan)
Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
24/09/2003
5
09/05/1992
(New York, USA)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
02/06/1999
5
22/03/1985
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
07/11/1996
5
16/09/1987
(Montreal, Canada)
Protocol to the 1985 Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
07/11/1996
5
ChemicalsRat. DateRelevance
11/09/1998
(Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade
22/09/2004
5
EnergyRat. DateRelevance
17/12/1994
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Energy Charter Treaty
--
1
17/12/1994
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Protocol on Energy efficiency and Related Environmental Aspects
--
1
Flora and faunaRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1951
(Rome, Italy)
International Plant Protection Convention
24/05/2006
5
03/11/2001
(Rome, Italy)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
13/03/2006
5
29/01/2000
(Montreal, Canada)
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity
24/11/2003
5
14/10/1994
(Paris, France)
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
25/06/1997
5
05/06/1992
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Convention on Biological Diversity
04/03/1996
5
03/03/1973
(Washington D.C., USA)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
20/08/1975
5
20/05/1980
(Canberra, Australia)
Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine and Living Resources
--
3
14/05/1966
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
--
3
26/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Tropical Timber Agreement
--
5
04/12/1995
(New York, USA)
United Nations Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks
--
5
FoodstuffRat. DateRelevance
03/11/2001
(Rome, Italy)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
13/03/2006
5
01/01/1962
(Rome, Italy)
Codex Alimentarius
01/01/1966
3
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
22/05/2001
(Stockholm)
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
27/01/2003
5
International watercoursesRat. DateRelevance
21/05/1997
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses
--
1
Maritime and Law of the SeaRat. DateRelevance
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex III to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
30/08/2005
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex V to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
30/08/2005
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex IV to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
20/08/2005
5
27/11/1992
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1992 to amend the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1992)
21/05/2002
3
27/11/1992
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to Amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 2)
21/05/2002
5
30/11/1990
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation
20/05/2002
5
10/12/1982
(Montego Bay, Jamaica)
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
22/08/2001
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
17/02/1978
5
29/12/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
--
3
02/12/1972
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC), 1972, as amended
--
3
12/02/2004
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ ballast Water and Sediments, 2004
--
1
23/03/2001
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage
--
5
29/11/1969
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage
--
1
03/05/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea
--
5
28/04/1989
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Salvage, 1989 (SALVAGE, 1989)
--
1
18/12/1971
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 1)
--
1
18/05/2007
(Nairobi, Kenya)
International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007 (Nairobi Convention 2007)
--
1
29/11/1969
(Bruxelles, Belgium)
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties
--
3
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1976)
--
3
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, 1971 (FUND PROT 1976)
--
3
02/05/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1996 to amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 (LLMC PROT 1996)
--
3
26/09/1997
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1997 to amend the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL PROT 1997) (Annex VI on the prevention of air pollution from ships)
--
5
16/05/2003
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2003 to amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992
--
5
15/03/2000
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol on Prepardeness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances
--
5
02/11/1973
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Pollution by Substances other than Oil
--
3
07/11/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
--
3
Protected geographical areas Rat. DateRelevance
01/12/1959
(Washington D.C., USA)
Antarctic Treaty
--
3
WasteRat. DateRelevance
22/03/1989
(Basel, Switzerland)
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
02/06/1999
5
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCYWeight: 2/10
Assignment of receivablesRat. DateRelevance
12/12/2001
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on the Assignment of Receivables in International Trade
--
5
Bankruptcy and insolvencyRat. DateRelevance
30/05/1997
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency
--
5
Bills of exchange and promissory notesRat. DateRelevance
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
--
1
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Stamp Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
--
1
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention Providing a Uniform Law for Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
--
3
09/12/1988
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes
--
5
ChequesRat. DateRelevance
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Cheques
--
1
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Stamp Laws in Connection with Cheques
--
1
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention Providing a Uniform Law for Cheques
--
3
Credit transfersRat. DateRelevance
15/05/1992
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Credit Transfers
--
5
Documentary creditRat. DateRelevance
01/07/2007
(Paris, France)
Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (UCP 600)
--
5
16/05/1995
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Collections (URC 522)
--
5
International guaranteesRat. DateRelevance
16/11/2001
(Cape Town, South Africa)
Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment
10/04/2013
3
16/11/2001
(Cape Town, South Africa)
Protocol to the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipmenton Matters specific to Aircraft Equipment
10/04/2013
3
01/01/1993
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Contract Bonds (URCB 524)
--
3
01/01/1992
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Demand Guarantees (URDG 458)
--
3
11/12/1995
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on Independant Guarantees and Stand-by Letters of Credits
--
5
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Weight: 8/10
CorruptionRat. DateRelevance
31/10/2003
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention against Corruption
22/09/2004
5
04/11/1999
(Strasbourg, France)
Civil Law Convention on Corruption
--
3
17/12/1997
(Paris, France)
Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
--
1
01/11/2002
(Kimberley, South Africa)
The Kimberley Process
--
3
Cultural PropertyRat. DateRelevance
02/11/2001
(Paris)
Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage
19/01/2015
3
14/11/1970
(Paris, France)
Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property
21/06/1989
3
16/11/1972
(Paris, France)
Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
19/07/1983
5
24/06/1995
(Rome, Italy)
UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects
--
5
DrugsRat. DateRelevance
20/12/1988
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
12/03/1991
5
21/02/1971
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Psychotropic Substances
20/06/1974
5
25/03/1972
(New York, USA)
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 (amended by the Protocol of 25 March 1972)
20/06/1974
5
Insider TradingRat. DateRelevance
20/04/1989
(Strasbourg, France)
Convention on Insider Trading
--
1
Organized crimeRat. DateRelevance
31/05/2001
(New York, USA)
Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Amunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
15/09/2005
3
15/11/2000
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
15/09/2005
5
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDSWeight: /10
Human RightsRat. DateRelevance
10/12/1984
(New York)
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
11/06/1996
5
21/12/1965
(New York)
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
11/06/1996
5
16/12/1966
(New York)
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
22/12/1993
5
16/12/1966
(New York)
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
22/12/1993
5
20/11/1989
(New York)
Convention on the rights of the child (1989)
02/01/1991
5
18/12/1979
(New York)
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
10/09/1985
5
09/12/1948
(Paris)
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
07/07/1950
5
Labour StandardsRat. DateRelevance
26/06/1957
(Geneva)
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105)
03/06/2006
5
02/08/1951
(Geneva)
Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100)
03/06/2006
5
28/06/1930
(Geneva)
Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
15/03/2005
5
26/06/1973
(Geneva)
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
16/06/2003
5
01/07/1949
(Geneva)
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98)
09/06/2003
5
17/06/1999
(Geneva)
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
14/06/2002
5
09/07/1948
(San Francisco)
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention, N° 87 (1948)
02/06/2000
5
05/07/1958
(Geneva)
Convention concerning Discrimination in respect of employment and occupation, N°111 (1958)
11/08/1961
5
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATIONWeight: 3/10
Dispute ResolutionRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1923
(Paris, France)
Members to the ICC International Court of Arbitration
--
3
International Trade Law Rat. DateRelevance
17/12/1966
(New York, USA)
Membership of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
01/01/2004
3
22/12/1992
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
22/12/1992
3
14/07/1967
(Stockholm, Sweden)
Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
22/09/1989
3
01/01/1962
(Rome, Italy)
Codex Alimentarius
01/01/1966
3
15/12/1950
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention Establishing a Customs Co-operation Council
18/02/1964
3
22/07/1944
(Bretton Woods, USA)
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) Articles of Agreement
25/07/1963
3
06/03/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
08/03/1961
3
12/10/1955
(Paris, France)
International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML)
--
3
01/09/1953
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Statute of the Hague Conference on Private International Law
--
3
15/03/1940
(Rome, Italy)
The International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT) Statute
--
3
Trade support institutionsRat. DateRelevance
31/05/1926
(Vienna, Austria)
International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA)
01/01/2016
3
23/02/1947
(London, United Kingdom)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
27/04/2009
3
01/01/1921
(London, United Kingdom)
International Chamber of Shipping (ICS)
--
3
23/03/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Road Transport Union (IRU)
--
3
01/01/1919
(Paris, France)
National Committees of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
--
3
01/01/1913
(Lausanne, Switzerland)
National Member Associations of the International Federation of Consulting Engineer (FIDIC)
--
3
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYWeight: 9/10
BroadcastingRat. DateRelevance
26/10/1961
(Rome, Italy)
International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations
--
5
CopyrightRat. DateRelevance
20/12/1996
(Geneva, Switzerland)
WIPO Copyright Treaty
24/11/2014
5
09/09/1886
(Berne, Switzerland)
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
01/01/1966
5
24/07/1971
(Paris, France)
Universal Copyright Convention, revised by the Paris convention on July 24, 1971
--
1
Industrial designsRat. DateRelevance
08/10/1968
(Locarno, Switzerland)
Locarno Agreement Establishing an International Classification for Industrial Designs
--
3
06/11/1925
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
The Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs
--
5
Integrated circuitsRat. DateRelevance
26/05/1989
(Washington D.C., USA)
Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of Integrated Circuits
--
1
Neighboring RightsRat. DateRelevance
20/12/1996
(Geneva, Switzerland)
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
24/11/2014
5
29/10/1971
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms
--
3
26/10/1961
(Rome, Italy)
International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations
--
5
OriginRat. DateRelevance
20/05/2015
(Geneva, Swizertland)
Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications
--
3
31/10/1958
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration
--
3
14/04/1891
(Madrid, Spain)
Madrid Agreement for Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods
--
3
PatentsRat. DateRelevance
19/06/1970
(Washington D.C., USA)
Patent Cooperation Treaty (with regulations)
27/03/1972
5
02/03/1883
(Paris, France)
Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
07/10/1963
5
28/04/1977
(Budapest, Hungary)
Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure
--
5
01/01/2000
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Patent Law Treaty
--
3
21/05/1974
(Strasbourg, France)
Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification
--
3
TrademarksRat. DateRelevance
28/06/1989
(Madrid, Spain)
Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
28/01/2008
5
15/06/1957
(Nice, France)
Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks
--
3
12/06/1973
(Vienna, Austria)
Agreement Establishing an International Classification of the Figurative Elements of Marks
--
1
14/04/1891
(Madrid, Spain)
Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
--
3
28/03/2006
(Singapore, Singapore)
Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks
--
5
27/10/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Trademark Law Treaty
--
5
Varieties of plantsRat. DateRelevance
02/12/1961
(Paris, France)
International convention for the protection of new varieties of plants. Convention UPOV (1961), amended in Geneva (1972, 1978 and 1991)
--
5
 
INVESTMENTSWeight: 2/10
Guides, guidelines and practicesRat. DateRelevance
21/09/1992
(Washington D.C., USA)
Guidelines on the Treatment of Foreign Direct Investment
--
3
Investment disputesRat. DateRelevance
18/03/1965
(Washington D.C., USA)
Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Between States and Nationals of Other States
06/09/1966
5
06/12/2013
(New York)
UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
3
10/12/2014
(Port Louis, Mauritius)
United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
5
Investment guarantyRat. DateRelevance
11/10/1985
(Seoul, South Korea)
Convention Establishing the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
08/06/1988
5
TaxRat. DateRelevance
01/01/2000
(New York, USA)
Revised United Nations Model Taxation Convention between Developed and Developing Countries
--
5
 
PRODUCTSWeight: 5/10
FoodRat. DateRelevance
01/06/1951
(Stressa, Italy)
International Convention on the use of appellations of orign and denominations of cheeses (Convention of Stresa)
--
0
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1951
(Rome, Italy)
International Plant Protection Convention
24/05/2006
5
17/06/2003
()
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
--
5
Marine ResourcesRat. DateRelevance
14/05/1966
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
--
3
TimberRat. DateRelevance
26/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Tropical Timber Agreement
--
5
 
TAXWeight: 0/10
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
14/12/1956
(Geneva)
Convention on the Taxation of Road Vehicles Engaged in International Goods Transport
--
3
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONSWeight: 9/10
Air transportRat. DateRelevance
28/05/1999
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air
28/12/2006
5
01/03/1991
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection
23/12/2003
3
12/10/1929
(Warsaw, Poland)
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air
27/08/1962
5
28/09/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Protocol to amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air
27/08/1962
3
25/09/1975
(Montreal)
Additional Protocol No 2 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
1
25/09/1975
(Montreal)
Additional Protocol No 3 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
1
25/09/1975
(Montreal, Canada)
Additional Protocol No 4 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
3
10/09/2010
(Beijing)
Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation
--
1
10/09/2010
(Beijing)
Protocol Supplementary to the Convention for the suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
--
1
Aircrafts and civil aviation Rat. DateRelevance
07/10/1952
(Rome, Italy)
Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface
28/12/2006
1
23/09/1978
(Montreal)
Protocol to Amend the Convention on Damage by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface
28/12/2006
1
23/09/1971
(Montreal)
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airport Serving International Civil Aviation, Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation
30/03/1998
1
06/10/1989
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 56)
06/10/1989
1
23/09/1971
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation
18/11/1986
3
16/12/1970
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
18/11/1986
3
10/05/1984
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 3bis)
10/09/1986
1
19/06/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the International Recognition of Rights in Aircraft
09/01/1979
3
24/09/1968
(Buenos Aires)
Protocol on the authentic trilingual text of the Convention on international civil aviation
18/05/1970
1
14/09/1963
(Tokyo, Japan)
Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft
02/12/1969
3
15/09/1962
(Rome)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a))
24/04/1967
1
14/06/1954
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 45)
07/12/1962
1
21/06/1961
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 50 a))
07/12/1962
1
27/05/1947
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 93bis)
07/12/1962
1
14/06/1954
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to Certain Amendments to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a), 49 e) and 61)
07/12/1962
1
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
International Air Services Transit Agreement
14/05/1962
5
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
Convention on International Civil Aviation
14/04/1962
5
02/05/2009
(Montreal)
Convention on Compensation for Damage to Third Parties, Resulting from Acts of Unlawful Interference Involving Aircraft
--
1
18/09/1961
(Guadalajara)
Convention, Supplementary to the Warsaw Convention, for the Unification of Certains Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air Performed by a Person Other than the Contracting Carrier
--
1
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
International Air Transport Agreement
--
1
29/09/1995
(Montreal)
Protocol on the Authentic Quinquelingual Text of the Convention on International Civil Aviation
--
1
29/09/1995
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (final clause)
--
1
Maritime shipping and load lines Rat. DateRelevance
01/11/1974
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) 1974
07/03/1996
5
07/07/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
07/03/1996
5
09/04/1965
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL)
08/07/1970
3
05/04/1966
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Load Lines
16/01/1967
5
17/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims
--
3
20/10/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG)
--
5
06/05/1993
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages
--
1
27/04/1979
(Hamburg, Germany)
International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR)
--
1
05/10/2001
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships
--
1
23/06/1969
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Tonnage Measurements of Ships, 1969 (TONNAGE 1969)
--
1
11/11/1988
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1988 Relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974
--
3
11/11/1988
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1988 relating to the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966 (LLPROT 1988)
--
1
07/02/1986
(Geneva, Switzerland)
United Nations Convention on Conditions for Registration of Ships
--
1
Maritime transportRat. DateRelevance
10/03/1988
(Rome, Italy)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, 1988 (SUA 1988)
15/09/2006
1
10/03/1988
(Rome, Italy)
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf, 1988
15/09/2006
1
25/08/1924
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading [Hague Rules]
13/07/1965
3
13/12/1974
(Athens, Greece)
Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea
--
3
21/12/1979
(Brussels)
Protocol (SDR Protocol) amending the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading of 25 August 1924 (The Hague Rules), as amended by the Protocol of 23 February 1968 (Visby Rules)
--
1
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 as amended. (SOLAS PROT)
--
3
29/03/1990
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1990 to amend the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
01/11/2002
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2002 to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
14/10/2005
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2005 to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation
--
1
14/10/2005
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2005 to the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf.
--
1
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
11/12/2008
(Rotterdam)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea
--
5
31/03/1978
(Hamburg, Germany)
United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea
--
3
Multi modal transport Rat. DateRelevance
24/05/1980
(Geneva, Switzerland)
United Nations Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods
--
1
19/04/1991
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention on the Liability of Operators of Transport Terminals in International Trade
--
1
Rail transportRat. DateRelevance
09/05/1980
(Berne, Switzerland)
Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
--
5
10/01/1952
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention to Facilitate the Crossing of Frontiers for Goods carried by Rail
--
3
20/12/1990
(Berne, Switzerland)
Protocol amending the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
--
3
03/06/1999
(Vilnius, Lithuania)
Protocol of 3 June 1999 for the Modification of the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF) of 9 May 1980
--
3
Road transportRat. DateRelevance
08/11/1968
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Road Signs and Signals
--
5
08/11/1968
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Road Traffic
--
5
19/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
--
5
14/12/1956
(Geneva)
Convention on the Taxation of Road Vehicles Engaged in International Goods Transport
--
3
05/07/1978
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Protocol to the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
--
3
SpaceRat. DateRelevance
22/04/1968
(London, Washington, Moscow)
Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects launched into outer Space
11/02/1969
0
27/01/1967
(London, United Kingdom)
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
22/08/1968
3
05/12/1979
(New York, USA)
Agreement governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
--
1
29/03/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects
--
1
12/11/1974
(New York, USA)
Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space
--
1
TelecommunicationsRat. DateRelevance
03/09/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the International Mobile Satellite Organization (Inmarsat), As Amended
--
5
21/05/1974
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention relating to the Distribution of Programme-Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite
--
1
 
TREATIES LAWWeight: 2/10
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
08/04/1983
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of State Property, Archives and Debts
--
1
23/08/1978
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties
--
3
23/05/1969
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
--
5
21/03/1986
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations
--
3
 
WTOWeight: 10/10
Plurilateral AgreementsRat. DateRelevance
15/04/1994
(Marrakech, Morocco)
Government Procurement Agreement (GPA)
--
3
12/04/1979
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Plurilateral Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft
--
3
WTO AgreementsRat. DateRelevance
27/11/2014
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Agreement onTrade Facilitation (TFA) of the World Trade Organization (WTO)
20/06/2016
5
15/04/1994
(Marrakech, Marocco)
WTO Agreements
17/11/1995
5
 
Historical Data

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