Monaco

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

Monaco ( (listen); French pronunciation: ​[mɔnako]), officially the Principality of Monaco (French: Principauté de Monaco; Ligurian: Prinçipatu de Múnegu; Occitan: Principat de Mónegue), is a sovereign city-state and microstate on the French Riviera a few kilometres west of the Italian region of Liguria, in Western Europe, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by France to the north, east and west. The principality is home to 38,682 residents, of whom 9,486 are Monégasque nationals; it is widely recognised as one of the most expensive and wealthiest places in the world. The official language of the principality is French. In addition, Monégasque (a dialect of Ligurian), Italian and English are spoken and understood by many residents.With an area of 2.1 km2 (0.81 sq mi), it is the second-smallest sovereign state in the world, after Vatican City. Its 19,009 inhabitants /km2 (49,230/sq mi) make it the most densely-populated sovereign state in the world. Monaco has a land border of 5.47 km (3.40 mi) and the world's shortest coastline of approximately 3.83 km (2.38 mi); it has a width that varies between 1,700 and 349 m (5,577 and 1,145 ft). The highest point in the state is a narrow pathway named Chemin des Révoires on the slopes of Mont Agel, in the Les Révoires ward, which is 161 m (528 ft) above sea level. The principality is about 15 km (9.3 mi) from the border with Italy. Its most populous ward is Larvotto/Bas Moulins with a population of 5,443 as of 2008. Through land reclamation, Monaco's land mass has expanded by 20 percent. In 2005, it had an area of only 1.974 km2 (0.762 sq mi).
The principality is governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as head of state, who wields immense political power despite his constitutional status. The prime minister, who is the head of government, can be either a Monégasque or a French citizen; the monarch consults with the Government of France before an appointment. Key members of the judiciary in Monaco are detached French magistrates. The House of Grimaldi has ruled Monaco, with brief interruptions, since 1297. The state's sovereignty was officially recognised by the Franco-Monégasque Treaty of 1861, with Monaco becoming a full United Nations voting member in 1993. Despite Monaco's independence and separate foreign policy, its defence is the responsibility of France. However, Monaco does maintain two small military units.
Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with the opening of the state's first casino, the Monte Carlo Casino, and a railway connection to Paris. Since then, Monaco's mild climate, scenery, and gambling facilities have contributed to the principality's status as a tourist destination and recreation centre for the rich. In more recent years, Monaco has become a major banking centre and has sought to diversify its economy into the services sector and small, high-value-added, non-polluting industries. Monaco is famous as a tax haven: the principality has no personal income tax and low business taxes. Over 30% of the residents are millionaires, with real estate prices reaching €100,000 ($116,374) per square metre in 2018.
Monaco is not formally a part of the European Union (EU), but it participates in certain EU policies, including customs and border controls. Through its relationship with France, Monaco uses the euro as its sole currency; before, it used the Monegasque franc, which was pegged, and exchangeable with, the French franc until 1 January 2002. Monaco joined the Council of Europe in 2004 and is a member of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF). It is also the host of the annual street circuit motor race, the Monaco Grand Prix, one of the original Grands Prix of Formula One. The local motorsports association gives name to the Monte Carlo Rally, hosted in January in the French Alps. The principality has a club football team, AS Monaco, which competes in the French Ligue 1 and have become French champions on multiple occasions, and a basketball team, which plays in the EuroLeague. A centre of research into marine conservation, Monaco is home to one of the world's first protected marine habitats, an Oceanographic Museum, and the International Atomic Energy Agency Environment Labs, which is the only marine laboratory in the United Nations structure.


Summary
Instruments ratified: 102 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 28.59%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 30.36%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 160 / 194
Developed country rank: 26 / 30
Developed country Avg. Ratifications: 159 / 282
Western Europe rank: 10 / 10
Western Europe Avg. Ratifications: 169 / 282
Comparative Statistical Analysis
CONTRACTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Agency0/20.00%2.00%8Weak
Conflict of laws1/7 (14.29%)14.29%3.00%9Strong
E-commerce0/30.00%18.00%70Weak
Franchising0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Leasing/Factoring0/20.00%5.00%13Weak
Principles, trade usages and standards0/20.00%0.00%1Average
Procurement0/40.00%3.00%31Weak
Sale of Goods0/50.00%25.00%89Weak
Travel contracts0/10.00%3.00%7Weak
Total11.45%9.00%138Weak
 
CUSTOMSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Customs Codification0/30.00%78.00%153Weak
Customs Cooperation0/60.00%26.00%117Weak
Exemption from Duties1/9 (11.11%)11.11%30.00%109Weak
Temporary Admission0/110.00%28.00%126Weak
Transit0/40.00%28.00%98Weak
Total13.26%31.00%168Weak
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTIONInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Arbitration2/6 (33.33%)30.00%32.00%84Weak
Judicial cooperation3/5 (60.00%)78.95%36.00%42Strong
Recognition of foreign judgments0/20.00%2.00%6Weak
State court jurisdiction0/40.00%14.00%29Weak
State court procedure0/10.00%6.00%12Weak
State immunities 0/10.00%11.00%22Weak
Total542.00%29.00%51Strong
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air4/5 (80.00%)80.00%86.00%59Weak
Chemicals0/10.00%78.00%152Weak
Energy0/20.00%25.00%50Weak
Flora and fauna4/10 (40.00%)43.48%68.00%177Weak
Foodstuff0/20.00%79.00%190Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
International watercourses0/10.00%18.00%36Weak
Maritime and Law of the Sea13/26 (50.00%)53.26%46.00%82Strong
Protected geographical areas 1/1 (100.00%)100.00%27.00%1Strong
Waste1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total2453.13%61.00%133Weak
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCYInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Assignment of receivables0/10.00%1.00%2Weak
Bankruptcy and insolvency0/10.00%21.00%41Weak
Bills of exchange and promissory notes3/4 (75.00%)50.00%8.00%1Strong
Cheques3/3 (100.00%)100.00%13.00%1Strong
Credit transfers0/10.00%0.00%1Average
International guarantees0/30.00%20.00%75Weak
Total624.39%12.00%32Strong
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Corruption0/40.00%50.00%176Weak
Cultural Property1/4 (25.00%)31.25%54.00%142Weak
Drugs3/3 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Insider Trading0/10.00%4.00%9Weak
Organized crime1/2 (50.00%)62.50%80.00%112Weak
Total548.08%68.00%172Weak
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Human Rights7/7 (100.00%)100.00%96.00%1Weak
Labour Standards7/8 (87.50%)87.50%86.00%134Weak
Total1493.33%91.00%126Weak
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATIONInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Dispute Resolution1/1 (100.00%)100.00%39.00%1Strong
International Trade Law 5/10 (50.00%)50.00%73.00%163Weak
Trade support institutions1/6 (16.67%)16.67%51.00%146Weak
Total741.18%63.00%148Weak
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Broadcasting1/1 (100.00%)100.00%47.00%1Strong
Copyright2/3 (66.67%)54.55%65.00%94Weak
Industrial designs1/2 (50.00%)62.50%31.00%37Strong
Integrated circuits0/10.00%2.00%4Weak
Neighboring Rights2/3 (66.67%)61.54%46.00%73Strong
Origin1/3 (33.33%)33.33%14.00%24Strong
Patents4/5 (80.00%)85.71%57.00%30Strong
Trademarks4/6 (66.67%)72.73%33.00%36Strong
Varieties of plants0/10.00%37.00%73Weak
Total1564.21%42.00%49Strong
 
INVESTMENTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Investment disputes0/20.00%39.00%152Weak
Investment guaranty0/10.00%93.00%181Weak
Total00.00%57.00%185Weak
 
PRODUCTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Marine Resources0/10.00%24.00%48Weak
Timber0/10.00%31.00%61Weak
General0/10.00%92.00%179Weak
Total00.00%53.00%180Weak
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air transport3/7 (42.86%)52.38%59.00%110Weak
Aircrafts and civil aviation 6/9 (66.67%)88.00%74.00%37Strong
Maritime shipping and load lines 7/13 (53.85%)60.00%66.00%139Weak
Maritime transport3/12 (25.00%)20.83%27.00%103Weak
Multi modal transport 0/20.00%4.00%15Weak
Rail transport3/3 (100.00%)100.00%22.00%1Strong
Road transport1/4 (25.00%)27.78%31.00%70Weak
Space0/40.00%40.00%120Weak
Telecommunications1/2 (50.00%)83.33%47.00%26Strong
Total2454.05%50.00%84Weak
 
TREATIES LAWInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
General0/40.00%30.00%113Weak
Total00.00%30.00%113Weak
 
WTOInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Plurilateral Agreements0/20.00%18.00%45Weak
WTO Agreements0/10.00%81.00%159Weak
Total00.00%47.00%159Weak
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
ContractsConflict of laws
Dispute resolutionJudicial cooperation
Environment and productsMaritime and Law of the Sea
Environment and productsProtected geographical areas
Finance, payments and insolvencyBills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvencyCheques
Institutional ParticipationDispute Resolution
Intellectual propertyBroadcasting
Intellectual propertyIndustrial designs
Intellectual propertyNeighboring Rights
Intellectual propertyOrigin
Intellectual propertyPatents
Intellectual propertyTrademarks
Transport and telecommunicationsAircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunicationsRail transport
Transport and telecommunicationsTelecommunications
 
Average
ContractsFranchising
ContractsPrinciples, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvencyCredit transfers
 
Weak
ContractsAgency
ContractsE-commerce
ContractsLeasing/Factoring
ContractsProcurement
ContractsSale of Goods
ContractsTravel contracts
CustomsCustoms Codification
CustomsCustoms Cooperation
CustomsExemption from Duties
CustomsTemporary Admission
CustomsTransit
Dispute resolutionArbitration
Dispute resolutionRecognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolutionState court jurisdiction
Dispute resolutionState court procedure
Dispute resolutionState immunities
Environment and productsAir
Environment and productsChemicals
Environment and productsEnergy
Environment and productsFlora and fauna
Environment and productsFoodstuff
Environment and productsGeneral
Environment and productsInternational watercourses
Environment and productsWaste
Finance, payments and insolvencyAssignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvencyBankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvencyInternational guarantees
Good Governance Corruption
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Drugs
Good Governance Insider Trading
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour StandardsHuman rights
Human Rights and Labour StandardsLabour Standards
Institutional ParticipationInternational Trade Law
Institutional ParticipationTrade support institutions
Intellectual propertyCopyright
Intellectual propertyIntegrated circuits
Intellectual propertyVarieties of plants
InvestmentsInvestment disputes
InvestmentsInvestment guaranty
ProductsGeneral
ProductsMarine Resources
ProductsTimber
Transport and telecommunicationsAir transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMulti modal transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRoad transport
Transport and telecommunicationsSpace
Treaties lawGeneral
WTOPlurilateral Agreements
WTOWTO Agreements
Instruments ratifications
CONTRACTSWeight: 9/10
AgencyRat. DateRelevance
14/03/1978
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 14 March 1978 on the Law Applicable to Agency
--
1
15/02/1983
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
--
1
Conflict of lawsRat. DateRelevance
01/07/1985
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 July 1985 on the Law Applicable to Trusts and on their Recognition
01/06/2007
1
01/06/1956
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 June 1956 concerning the recognition of the legal personality of foreign companies, associations and institutions
--
0
15/04/1958
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 April 1958 on the law governing transfer of title in international sales of goods
--
0
15/06/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 June 1955 on the law applicable to international sales of goods
--
1
02/10/1973
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 2 October 1973 on the Law Applicable to Products Liability
--
1
22/12/1986
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 22 December 1986 on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
1
05/07/2006
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 5 July 2006 on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in respect of Securities held with an Intermediary
--
3
E-commerceRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1996
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce
--
5
05/07/2001
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures
--
5
23/11/2005
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts
--
5
FranchisingRat. DateRelevance
01/08/1998
(Rome, Italy)
Guide to International Master Franchise Arrangements
--
3
01/09/2002
(Rome, Italy)
Model Franchise Disclosure Law
--
3
Leasing/FactoringRat. DateRelevance
28/05/1988
(Ottawa, Canada)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Factoring
--
3
28/05/1988
(Ottawa, Canada)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing
--
3
Principles, trade usages and standardsRat. DateRelevance
01/05/2000
(Paris, France)
Abbreviations of Incoterms / Alphabetic Code for Incoterms 2000
--
5
21/04/2004
(Rome, Italy)
UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts
--
5
ProcurementRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1999
(Washington D.C., USA)
Guidelines Procurement under IBRD Loans and IDA Credits
--
5
09/12/2003
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects
--
3
09/12/1993
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods and Construction
--
3
09/12/1994
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services, with Guide to Enactment
--
3
Sale of GoodsRat. DateRelevance
14/06/1974
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods
--
1
01/07/1964
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention Relating to a Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
1
01/07/1964
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention Relating to a Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods
--
1
11/04/1980
(Vienna, Austria)
Protocol amending the Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods
--
3
31/01/1988
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Legal Guide on Drawing Up International Contracts for the Construction of Industrial Works
--
3
11/04/1980
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
5
Travel contractsRat. DateRelevance
23/04/1970
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Travel Contracts
--
1
 
CUSTOMSWeight: 9/10
Customs CodificationRat. DateRelevance
01/07/1955
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention on Nomenclature for the Classification of Goods in Customs Tariffs
--
0
14/06/1983
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
--
5
24/06/1986
(Brussels, Belgium)
Protocol of Amendment to the International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
--
0
Customs CooperationRat. DateRelevance
15/12/1950
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes
--
0
09/06/1977
(Nairobi, Kenya)
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance for the Prevention, Investigation and Repression of Customs Offences
--
3
27/06/2003
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters
--
3
21/10/1982
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods
--
1
18/05/1973
(Kyoto, Japan)
International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures
--
3
26/06/1999
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of Customs procedures (Kyoto Convention)
--
5
Exemption from DutiesRat. DateRelevance
17/06/1950
(Florence, Italy)
Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials
18/03/1952
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Additional Protocol to the Convention concerning Customs Facilities for Touring, relating to the Importation of Tourist Publicity Documents and Material
--
3
10/12/1948
(Beirout, Lebanon)
Agreement for Facilitating the International Circulation of Visual and Auditory Materials of an Educational, Scientific and Cultural Character
--
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Convention concerning Customs Facilities for Touring
--
5
21/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on Customs Treatment of Pool Containers used in International Transport
--
3
01/12/1964
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention Concerning Welfare Materials for Seafarers
--
1
02/12/1972
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on Containers
--
3
07/11/1952
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention to Facilitate the Importation of Commercial Samples and Advertising Materials
--
3
26/11/1976
(Nairobi, Kenya)
Protocol to the Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials
--
3
Temporary AdmissionRat. DateRelevance
26/06/1990
(Istanbul, Turkey)
Convention on Temporary Admission
--
5
08/06/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention Concerning Facilities for the Importation of Goods for Display or Use at Exhibitions, Fairs, Meetings or Similar Events
--
3
01/03/1956
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on ECS Carnets for Commercial Samples
--
0
06/12/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the A.T.A. Carnet for the Temporary Admission of Goods
--
3
18/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation for Private Use of Aircraft and Pleasure Boats
--
3
18/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Commercial Road Vehicles
--
3
06/10/1960
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Packings
--
3
08/06/1970
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Pedagogic Material
--
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Private Road Vehicles
--
5
08/06/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Professional Equipment
--
3
11/06/1968
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Scientific Equipment
--
3
TransitRat. DateRelevance
20/04/1921
(Barcelona, Spain)
Convention and Statute on Freedom of Transit
--
5
08/07/1965
(New York, USA)
Convention on Transit Trade of Land-Locked States
--
3
07/06/1971
(Vienna, Austria)
Customs Convention on the International Transit of Goods (ITI)
--
0
14/11/1975
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets
--
3
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTIONWeight: 9/10
ArbitrationRat. DateRelevance
10/06/1958
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards
02/06/1982
5
24/09/1923
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Protocol on Arbitration Clauses
08/02/1927
1
26/09/1927
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards
--
1
28/04/1976
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules
--
3
23/07/1980
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules
--
3
21/06/1985
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985), with amendments as adopted in 2006
--
5
19/11/2002
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation
--
3
28/06/1996
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Notes on Organizing Arbitral Proceedings
--
1
06/12/2013
(New York)
UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
3
10/12/2014
(Port Louis, Mauritius)
United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
5
Judicial cooperationRat. DateRelevance
15/11/1965
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 November 1965 on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters
01/03/2007
5
05/10/1961
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents
24/04/2002
5
18/03/1970
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 18 March 1970 on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters
17/01/1986
5
01/03/1954
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 March 1954 on civil procedure
--
1
25/10/1980
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 25 October 1980 on International Access to Justice
--
3
Recognition of foreign judgmentsRat. DateRelevance
01/02/1971
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 February 1971 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters
--
1
01/02/1971
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Supplementary Protocol of 1 February 1971 to the Hague Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters
--
1
State court jurisdictionRat. DateRelevance
15/04/1958
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 April 1958 on the jurisdiction of the selected forum in the case of international sales of goods
--
0
15/06/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 June 1955 relating to the settlement of the conflicts between the law of nationality and the law of domicile
--
0
25/11/1965
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 25 November 1965 on the Choice of Court
--
0
30/06/2005
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 30 June 2005 on the Choice of Court Agreements
--
5
State court procedureRat. DateRelevance
10/05/1952
(Bruxelles, Belgium)
International convention for the unification of certain rules relating to the arrest of seagoing ships
--
1
12/03/1999
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on Arrest of Ships
--
1
State immunities Rat. DateRelevance
02/12/2004
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property
--
3
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTSWeight: 9/10
AirRat. DateRelevance
11/12/1997
(Kyoto, Japan)
Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
27/02/2006
5
22/03/1985
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
12/03/1993
5
16/09/1987
(Montreal, Canada)
Protocol to the 1985 Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
12/03/1993
5
09/05/1992
(New York, USA)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
20/11/1992
5
12/12/2015
(Paris, France)
The Paris Agreement
--
5
ChemicalsRat. DateRelevance
11/09/1998
(Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade
--
5
EnergyRat. DateRelevance
17/12/1994
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Energy Charter Treaty
--
1
17/12/1994
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Protocol on Energy efficiency and Related Environmental Aspects
--
1
Flora and faunaRat. DateRelevance
04/12/1995
(New York, USA)
United Nations Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks
09/06/1999
5
14/10/1994
(Paris, France)
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
05/03/1999
5
05/06/1992
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Convention on Biological Diversity
20/11/1992
5
03/03/1973
(Washington D.C., USA)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
19/04/1978
5
29/01/2000
(Montreal, Canada)
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity
--
5
20/05/1980
(Canberra, Australia)
Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine and Living Resources
--
3
14/05/1966
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
--
3
06/12/1951
(Rome, Italy)
International Plant Protection Convention
--
5
03/11/2001
(Rome, Italy)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
--
5
26/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Tropical Timber Agreement
--
5
FoodstuffRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1962
(Rome, Italy)
Codex Alimentarius
--
3
03/11/2001
(Rome, Italy)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
--
5
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
22/05/2001
(Stockholm)
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
09/05/2002
5
International watercoursesRat. DateRelevance
21/05/1997
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses
--
1
Maritime and Law of the SeaRat. DateRelevance
02/11/1973
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Pollution by Substances other than Oil
31/03/2005
3
30/11/1990
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation
19/10/1999
5
27/11/1992
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1992 to amend the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1992)
08/11/1996
3
27/11/1992
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to Amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 2)
08/11/1996
5
10/12/1982
(Montego Bay, Jamaica)
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
20/03/1996
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex III to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
20/10/1992
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
20/08/1992
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex IV to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
20/08/1992
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex V to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
20/08/1992
5
18/12/1971
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 1)
23/08/1979
1
29/12/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
16/05/1977
3
29/11/1969
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage
21/08/1975
1
29/11/1969
(Bruxelles, Belgium)
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties
24/02/1975
3
02/12/1972
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC), 1972, as amended
--
3
12/02/2004
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ ballast Water and Sediments, 2004
--
1
23/03/2001
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage
--
5
03/05/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea
--
5
28/04/1989
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Salvage, 1989 (SALVAGE, 1989)
--
1
18/05/2007
(Nairobi, Kenya)
International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007 (Nairobi Convention 2007)
--
1
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1976)
--
3
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, 1971 (FUND PROT 1976)
--
3
02/05/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1996 to amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 (LLMC PROT 1996)
--
3
26/09/1997
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1997 to amend the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL PROT 1997) (Annex VI on the prevention of air pollution from ships)
--
5
16/05/2003
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2003 to amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992
--
5
15/03/2000
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol on Prepardeness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances
--
5
07/11/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
--
3
Protected geographical areas Rat. DateRelevance
01/12/1959
(Washington D.C., USA)
Antarctic Treaty
30/05/2008
3
WasteRat. DateRelevance
22/03/1989
(Basel, Switzerland)
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
31/08/1992
5
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCYWeight: 2/10
Assignment of receivablesRat. DateRelevance
12/12/2001
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on the Assignment of Receivables in International Trade
--
5
Bankruptcy and insolvencyRat. DateRelevance
30/05/1997
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency
--
5
Bills of exchange and promissory notesRat. DateRelevance
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
25/01/1934
1
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Stamp Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
25/01/1934
1
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention Providing a Uniform Law for Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
25/01/1934
3
09/12/1988
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes
--
5
ChequesRat. DateRelevance
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Cheques
09/02/1933
1
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Stamp Laws in Connection with Cheques
09/02/1933
1
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention Providing a Uniform Law for Cheques
09/02/1933
3
Credit transfersRat. DateRelevance
15/05/1992
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Credit Transfers
--
5
Documentary creditRat. DateRelevance
01/07/2007
(Paris, France)
Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (UCP 600)
--
5
16/05/1995
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Collections (URC 522)
--
5
International guaranteesRat. DateRelevance
16/11/2001
(Cape Town, South Africa)
Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment
--
3
16/11/2001
(Cape Town, South Africa)
Protocol to the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipmenton Matters specific to Aircraft Equipment
--
3
01/01/1993
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Contract Bonds (URCB 524)
--
3
01/01/1992
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Demand Guarantees (URDG 458)
--
3
11/12/1995
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on Independant Guarantees and Stand-by Letters of Credits
--
5
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Weight: 8/10
CorruptionRat. DateRelevance
04/11/1999
(Strasbourg, France)
Civil Law Convention on Corruption
--
3
17/12/1997
(Paris, France)
Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
--
1
01/11/2002
(Kimberley, South Africa)
The Kimberley Process
--
3
31/10/2003
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention against Corruption
--
5
Cultural PropertyRat. DateRelevance
16/11/1972
(Paris, France)
Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
07/11/1978
5
14/11/1970
(Paris, France)
Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property
--
3
02/11/2001
(Paris)
Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage
--
3
24/06/1995
(Rome, Italy)
UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects
--
5
DrugsRat. DateRelevance
20/12/1988
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
23/04/1991
5
21/02/1971
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Psychotropic Substances
06/07/1977
5
25/03/1972
(New York, USA)
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 (amended by the Protocol of 25 March 1972)
25/03/1972
5
Insider TradingRat. DateRelevance
20/04/1989
(Strasbourg, France)
Convention on Insider Trading
--
1
Organized crimeRat. DateRelevance
15/11/2000
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
05/06/2001
5
31/05/2001
(New York, USA)
Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Amunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
--
3
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDSWeight: /10
Human RightsRat. DateRelevance
10/12/1984
(New York)
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
23/10/2006
5
20/11/1989
(New York)
Convention on the rights of the child (1989)
23/10/2006
5
21/12/1965
(New York)
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
23/10/2006
5
16/12/1966
(New York)
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
23/10/2006
5
16/12/1966
(New York)
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
23/10/2006
5
18/12/1979
(New York)
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
22/07/1997
5
09/12/1948
(Paris)
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
05/05/1992
5
Labour StandardsRat. DateRelevance
09/07/1948
(San Francisco)
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention, N° 87 (1948)
30/06/2008
5
26/06/1973
(Geneva)
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
03/03/2004
5
17/06/1999
(Geneva)
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
02/10/2002
5
01/07/1949
(Geneva)
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98)
01/07/1964
5
26/06/1957
(Geneva)
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105)
15/02/1960
5
02/08/1951
(Geneva)
Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100)
03/06/1958
5
28/06/1930
(Geneva)
Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
01/07/1932
5
05/07/1958
(Geneva)
Convention concerning Discrimination in respect of employment and occupation, N°111 (1958)
--
5
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATIONWeight: 3/10
Dispute ResolutionRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1923
(Paris, France)
Members to the ICC International Court of Arbitration
01/01/1923
3
International Trade Law Rat. DateRelevance
01/09/1953
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Statute of the Hague Conference on Private International Law
08/08/1996
3
22/12/1992
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
22/12/1992
3
06/03/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
22/12/1989
3
14/07/1967
(Stockholm, Sweden)
Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
03/12/1974
3
12/10/1955
(Paris, France)
International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML)
12/10/1955
3
01/01/1962
(Rome, Italy)
Codex Alimentarius
--
3
15/12/1950
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention Establishing a Customs Co-operation Council
--
3
22/07/1944
(Bretton Woods, USA)
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) Articles of Agreement
--
3
17/12/1966
(New York, USA)
Membership of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
--
3
15/03/1940
(Rome, Italy)
The International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT) Statute
--
3
Trade support institutionsRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1919
(Paris, France)
National Committees of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
01/01/1919
3
01/01/1921
(London, United Kingdom)
International Chamber of Shipping (ICS)
--
3
31/05/1926
(Vienna, Austria)
International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA)
--
3
23/02/1947
(London, United Kingdom)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
--
3
23/03/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Road Transport Union (IRU)
--
3
01/01/1913
(Lausanne, Switzerland)
National Member Associations of the International Federation of Consulting Engineer (FIDIC)
--
3
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYWeight: 9/10
BroadcastingRat. DateRelevance
26/10/1961
(Rome, Italy)
International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations
06/09/1985
5
CopyrightRat. DateRelevance
24/07/1971
(Paris, France)
Universal Copyright Convention, revised by the Paris convention on July 24, 1971
13/09/1974
1
09/09/1886
(Berne, Switzerland)
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
30/05/1889
5
20/12/1996
(Geneva, Switzerland)
WIPO Copyright Treaty
--
5
Industrial designsRat. DateRelevance
06/11/1925
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
The Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs
09/02/1956
5
08/10/1968
(Locarno, Switzerland)
Locarno Agreement Establishing an International Classification for Industrial Designs
--
3
Integrated circuitsRat. DateRelevance
26/05/1989
(Washington D.C., USA)
Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of Integrated Circuits
--
1
Neighboring RightsRat. DateRelevance
26/10/1961
(Rome, Italy)
International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations
06/09/1985
5
29/10/1971
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms
21/08/1974
3
20/12/1996
(Geneva, Switzerland)
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
--
5
OriginRat. DateRelevance
14/04/1891
(Madrid, Spain)
Madrid Agreement for Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods
09/02/1956
3
20/05/2015
(Geneva, Swizertland)
Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications
--
3
31/10/1958
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration
--
3
PatentsRat. DateRelevance
28/04/1977
(Budapest, Hungary)
Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure
23/10/1998
5
19/06/1970
(Washington D.C., USA)
Patent Cooperation Treaty (with regulations)
22/03/1979
5
21/05/1974
(Strasbourg, France)
Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification
10/06/1975
3
02/03/1883
(Paris, France)
Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
09/02/1956
5
01/01/2000
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Patent Law Treaty
--
3
TrademarksRat. DateRelevance
28/06/1989
(Madrid, Spain)
Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
27/06/1996
5
27/10/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Trademark Law Treaty
27/06/1996
5
15/06/1957
(Nice, France)
Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks
08/03/1961
3
14/04/1891
(Madrid, Spain)
Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
09/02/1956
3
12/06/1973
(Vienna, Austria)
Agreement Establishing an International Classification of the Figurative Elements of Marks
--
1
28/03/2006
(Singapore, Singapore)
Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks
--
5
Varieties of plantsRat. DateRelevance
02/12/1961
(Paris, France)
International convention for the protection of new varieties of plants. Convention UPOV (1961), amended in Geneva (1972, 1978 and 1991)
--
5
 
INVESTMENTSWeight: 2/10
Guides, guidelines and practicesRat. DateRelevance
21/09/1992
(Washington D.C., USA)
Guidelines on the Treatment of Foreign Direct Investment
--
3
Investment disputesRat. DateRelevance
18/03/1965
(Washington D.C., USA)
Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Between States and Nationals of Other States
--
5
06/12/2013
(New York)
UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
3
10/12/2014
(Port Louis, Mauritius)
United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
5
Investment guarantyRat. DateRelevance
11/10/1985
(Seoul, South Korea)
Convention Establishing the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
--
5
TaxRat. DateRelevance
01/01/2000
(New York, USA)
Revised United Nations Model Taxation Convention between Developed and Developing Countries
--
5
 
PRODUCTSWeight: 5/10
FoodRat. DateRelevance
01/06/1951
(Stressa, Italy)
International Convention on the use of appellations of orign and denominations of cheeses (Convention of Stresa)
--
0
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1951
(Rome, Italy)
International Plant Protection Convention
--
5
17/06/2003
()
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
--
5
Marine ResourcesRat. DateRelevance
14/05/1966
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
--
3
TimberRat. DateRelevance
26/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Tropical Timber Agreement
--
5
 
TAXWeight: 0/10
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
14/12/1956
(Geneva)
Convention on the Taxation of Road Vehicles Engaged in International Goods Transport
--
3
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONSWeight: 9/10
Air transportRat. DateRelevance
28/05/1999
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air
18/08/2004
5
01/03/1991
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection
14/05/1998
3
28/09/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Protocol to amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air
09/04/1979
3
25/09/1975
(Montreal)
Additional Protocol No 2 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
1
25/09/1975
(Montreal)
Additional Protocol No 3 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
1
25/09/1975
(Montreal, Canada)
Additional Protocol No 4 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
3
12/10/1929
(Warsaw, Poland)
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air
--
5
10/09/2010
(Beijing)
Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation
--
1
10/09/2010
(Beijing)
Protocol Supplementary to the Convention for the suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
--
1
Aircrafts and civil aviation Rat. DateRelevance
29/09/1995
(Montreal)
Protocol on the Authentic Quinquelingual Text of the Convention on International Civil Aviation
18/06/1996
1
29/09/1995
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (final clause)
29/05/1996
1
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
International Air Services Transit Agreement
03/01/1996
5
19/06/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the International Recognition of Rights in Aircraft
14/12/1994
3
23/09/1971
(Montreal)
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airport Serving International Civil Aviation, Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation
22/12/1993
1
10/05/1984
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 3bis)
27/01/1993
1
23/09/1971
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation
03/06/1983
3
16/12/1970
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
03/06/1983
3
14/09/1963
(Tokyo, Japan)
Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft
02/06/1983
3
24/09/1968
(Buenos Aires)
Protocol on the authentic trilingual text of the Convention on international civil aviation
03/02/1980
1
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
Convention on International Civil Aviation
04/01/1980
5
02/05/2009
(Montreal)
Convention on Compensation for Damage to Third Parties, Resulting from Acts of Unlawful Interference Involving Aircraft
--
1
07/10/1952
(Rome, Italy)
Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface
--
1
18/09/1961
(Guadalajara)
Convention, Supplementary to the Warsaw Convention, for the Unification of Certains Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air Performed by a Person Other than the Contracting Carrier
--
1
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
International Air Transport Agreement
--
1
14/06/1954
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 45)
--
1
15/09/1962
(Rome)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a))
--
1
21/06/1961
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 50 a))
--
1
06/10/1989
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 56)
--
1
27/05/1947
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 93bis)
--
1
14/06/1954
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to Certain Amendments to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a), 49 e) and 61)
--
1
23/09/1978
(Montreal)
Protocol to Amend the Convention on Damage by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface
--
1
Maritime shipping and load lines Rat. DateRelevance
06/05/1993
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages
28/03/1995
1
27/04/1979
(Hamburg, Germany)
International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR)
19/11/1991
1
20/10/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG)
18/01/1977
5
01/11/1974
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) 1974
01/11/1974
5
23/06/1969
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Tonnage Measurements of Ships, 1969 (TONNAGE 1969)
19/01/1971
1
05/04/1966
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Load Lines
25/03/1970
5
09/04/1965
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL)
09/04/1965
3
17/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims
--
3
07/07/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
--
5
05/10/2001
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships
--
1
11/11/1988
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1988 Relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974
--
3
11/11/1988
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1988 relating to the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966 (LLPROT 1988)
--
1
07/02/1986
(Geneva, Switzerland)
United Nations Convention on Conditions for Registration of Ships
--
1
Maritime transportRat. DateRelevance
10/03/1988
(Rome, Italy)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, 1988 (SUA 1988)
25/01/2002
1
10/03/1988
(Rome, Italy)
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf, 1988
25/01/2002
1
25/08/1924
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading [Hague Rules]
15/05/1931
3
13/12/1974
(Athens, Greece)
Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea
--
3
21/12/1979
(Brussels)
Protocol (SDR Protocol) amending the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading of 25 August 1924 (The Hague Rules), as amended by the Protocol of 23 February 1968 (Visby Rules)
--
1
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 as amended. (SOLAS PROT)
--
3
29/03/1990
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1990 to amend the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
01/11/2002
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2002 to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
14/10/2005
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2005 to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation
--
1
14/10/2005
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2005 to the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf.
--
1
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
11/12/2008
(Rotterdam)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea
--
5
31/03/1978
(Hamburg, Germany)
United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea
--
3
Multi modal transport Rat. DateRelevance
24/05/1980
(Geneva, Switzerland)
United Nations Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods
--
1
19/04/1991
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention on the Liability of Operators of Transport Terminals in International Trade
--
1
Rail transportRat. DateRelevance
03/06/1999
(Vilnius, Lithuania)
Protocol of 3 June 1999 for the Modification of the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF) of 9 May 1980
11/07/2000
3
20/12/1990
(Berne, Switzerland)
Protocol amending the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
08/06/1998
3
09/05/1980
(Berne, Switzerland)
Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
06/12/1989
5
10/01/1952
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention to Facilitate the Crossing of Frontiers for Goods carried by Rail
--
3
Road transportRat. DateRelevance
08/11/1968
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Road Traffic
06/06/1978
5
08/11/1968
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Road Signs and Signals
--
5
19/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
--
5
14/12/1956
(Geneva)
Convention on the Taxation of Road Vehicles Engaged in International Goods Transport
--
3
05/07/1978
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Protocol to the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
--
3
SpaceRat. DateRelevance
05/12/1979
(New York, USA)
Agreement governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
--
1
22/04/1968
(London, Washington, Moscow)
Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects launched into outer Space
--
0
29/03/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects
--
1
12/11/1974
(New York, USA)
Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space
--
1
27/01/1967
(London, United Kingdom)
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
--
3
TelecommunicationsRat. DateRelevance
03/09/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the International Mobile Satellite Organization (Inmarsat), As Amended
01/10/1990
5
21/05/1974
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention relating to the Distribution of Programme-Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite
--
1
 
TREATIES LAWWeight: 2/10
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
08/04/1983
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of State Property, Archives and Debts
--
1
23/08/1978
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties
--
3
23/05/1969
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
--
5
21/03/1986
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations
--
3
 
WTOWeight: 10/10
Plurilateral AgreementsRat. DateRelevance
15/04/1994
(Marrakech, Morocco)
Government Procurement Agreement (GPA)
--
3
12/04/1979
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Plurilateral Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft
--
3
WTO AgreementsRat. DateRelevance
27/11/2014
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Agreement onTrade Facilitation (TFA) of the World Trade Organization (WTO)
--
5
15/04/1994
(Marrakech, Marocco)
WTO Agreements
--
5
 
Historical Data

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