- Comparative Statistical Analysis
- Strengths and Weakness
- Instruments ratifications
- Historical Data
Wikipedia Country Information
India (Hindi: Bhārat), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago.
Their long occupation, initially in varying forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has made the region highly diverse, second only to Africa in human genetic diversity. Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus Valley Civilisation of the third millennium BCE.
By 1200 BCE, an archaic form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had diffused into India from the northwest, unfolding as the language of the Rigveda, and recording the dawning of Hinduism in India.
The Dravidian languages of India were supplanted in the northern and western regions.
By 400 BCE, stratification and exclusion by caste had emerged within Hinduism,
and Buddhism and Jainism had arisen, proclaiming social orders unlinked to heredity.
Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta Empires based in the Ganges Basin.
Their collective era was suffused with wide-ranging creativity, but also marked by the declining status of women, and the incorporation of untouchability into an organised system of belief. In South India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of Southeast Asia.In the early medieval era, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism put down roots on India's southern and western coasts.
Muslim armies from Central Asia intermittently overran India's northern plains,
eventually establishing the Delhi Sultanate, and drawing northern India into the cosmopolitan networks of medieval Islam.
In the 15th century, the Vijayanagara Empire created a long-lasting composite Hindu culture in south India.
In the Punjab, Sikhism emerged, rejecting institutionalised religion.
The Mughal Empire, in 1526, ushered in two centuries of relative peace,
leaving a legacy of luminous architecture.
Gradually expanding rule of the British East India Company followed, turning India into a colonial economy, but also consolidating its sovereignty. British Crown rule began in 1858. The rights promised to Indians were granted slowly, but technological changes were introduced, and ideas of education, modernity and the public life took root.
A pioneering and influential nationalist movement emerged, which was noted for nonviolent resistance and became the major factor in ending British rule. In 1947 the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two independent dominions, a Hindu-majority Dominion of India and a Muslim-majority Dominion of Pakistan, amid large-scale loss of life and an unprecedented migration.India has been a secular federal republic since 1950, governed in a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society. India's population grew from 361 million in 1951 to 1.211 billion in 2011.
During the same time, its nominal per capita income increased from US$64 annually to US$1,498, and its literacy rate from 16.6% to 74%. From being a comparatively destitute country in 1951,
India has become a fast-growing major economy and a hub for information technology services, with an expanding middle class. It has a space programme which includes several planned or completed extraterrestrial missions. Indian movies, music, and spiritual teachings play an increasing role in global culture.
India has substantially reduced its rate of poverty, though at the cost of increasing economic inequality.
India is a nuclear-weapon state, which ranks high in military expenditure. It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbours, Pakistan and China, unresolved since the mid-20th century.
Among the socio-economic challenges India faces are gender inequality, child malnutrition,
and rising levels of air pollution.
India's land is megadiverse, with four biodiversity hotspots. Its forest cover comprises 21.4% of its area. India's wildlife, which has traditionally been viewed with tolerance in India's culture, is supported among these forests, and elsewhere, in protected habitats.
|Instruments ratified:||142 / 282|
|World Average Ratifications:||114 / 282|
|World Average Rate:||41.25%|
|World Average Weighted Score:||41.25%|
|World rank:||55 / 194|
|Developing country rank:||13 / 87|
|Developing country Avg. Ratifications:||109 / 282|
|Southern Asia rank:||1 / 9|
|Southern Asia Avg. Ratifications:||98 / 282|
|CONTRACTS||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Conflict of laws||0/7||0.00%||3.00%||27||Weak|
|Principles, trade usages and standards||0/2||0.00%||0.00%||1||Average|
|Sale of Goods||0/5||0.00%||25.00%||89||Weak|
|CUSTOMS||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Customs Codification||2/3 (66.67%)||100.00%||78.00%||1||Strong|
|Customs Cooperation||3/6 (50.00%)||73.33%||26.00%||3||Strong|
|Exemption from Duties||3/9 (33.33%)||40.74%||30.00%||66||Strong|
|Temporary Admission||5/11 (45.45%)||50.00%||28.00%||44||Strong|
|DISPUTE RESOLUTION||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Judicial cooperation||3/5 (60.00%)||78.95%||36.00%||42||Strong|
|Recognition of foreign judgments||0/2||0.00%||2.00%||6||Weak|
|State court jurisdiction||0/4||0.00%||14.00%||29||Weak|
|State court procedure||0/1||0.00%||6.00%||12||Weak|
|ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTS||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Flora and fauna||9/10 (90.00%)||93.48%||68.00%||4||Strong|
|Maritime and Law of the Sea||18/26 (69.23%)||67.39%||46.00%||48||Strong|
|Protected geographical areas||1/1 (100.00%)||100.00%||27.00%||1||Strong|
|FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCY||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Assignment of receivables||0/1||0.00%||1.00%||2||Weak|
|Bankruptcy and insolvency||0/1||0.00%||21.00%||41||Weak|
|Bills of exchange and promissory notes||0/4||0.00%||8.00%||43||Weak|
|International guarantees||2/3 (66.67%)||54.55%||20.00%||5||Strong|
|GOOD GOVERNANCE||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Cultural Property||2/4 (50.00%)||50.00%||54.00%||61||Weak|
|Organized crime||2/2 (100.00%)||100.00%||80.00%||1||Strong|
|HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDS||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Human Rights||7/7 (100.00%)||100.00%||96.00%||1||Weak|
|Labour Standards||8/8 (100.00%)||100.00%||86.00%||1||Strong|
|INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATION||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Dispute Resolution||1/1 (100.00%)||100.00%||39.00%||1||Strong|
|International Trade Law||10/10 (100.00%)||100.00%||73.00%||1||Strong|
|Trade support institutions||6/6 (100.00%)||100.00%||51.00%||1||Strong|
|INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Neighboring Rights||1/3 (33.33%)||23.08%||46.00%||114||Weak|
|Varieties of plants||0/1||0.00%||37.00%||73||Weak|
|INVESTMENTS||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Investment guaranty||1/1 (100.00%)||100.00%||93.00%||1||Weak|
|PRODUCTS||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|Air transport||4/7 (57.14%)||76.19%||59.00%||54||Strong|
|Aircrafts and civil aviation||5/9 (55.56%)||76.00%||74.00%||80||Weak|
|Maritime shipping and load lines||11/13 (84.62%)||94.29%||66.00%||11||Strong|
|Maritime transport||3/12 (25.00%)||20.83%||27.00%||103||Weak|
|Multi modal transport||0/2||0.00%||4.00%||15||Weak|
|Road transport||1/4 (25.00%)||27.78%||31.00%||70||Weak|
|TREATIES LAW||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|WTO||Inst. ratified||Country score||World avg. score||Country rank in world||Strength|
|WTO Agreements||1/1 (100.00%)||100.00%||81.00%||1||Strong|
|Customs||Exemption from Duties|
|Dispute resolution||Judicial cooperation|
|Environment and products||Chemicals|
|Environment and products||Flora and fauna|
|Environment and products||Foodstuff|
|Environment and products||Maritime and Law of the Sea|
|Environment and products||Protected geographical areas|
|Finance, payments and insolvency||International guarantees|
|Good Governance||Organized crime|
|Human Rights and Labour Standards||Labour Standards|
|Institutional Participation||Dispute Resolution|
|Institutional Participation||International Trade Law|
|Institutional Participation||Trade support institutions|
|Transport and telecommunications||Air transport|
|Transport and telecommunications||Maritime shipping and load lines|
|Transport and telecommunications||Space|
|Transport and telecommunications||Telecommunications|
|Contracts||Principles, trade usages and standards|
|Finance, payments and insolvency||Credit transfers|
|Contracts||Conflict of laws|
|Contracts||Sale of Goods|
|Dispute resolution||Recognition of foreign judgments|
|Dispute resolution||State court jurisdiction|
|Dispute resolution||State court procedure|
|Dispute resolution||State immunities|
|Environment and products||Air|
|Environment and products||Energy|
|Environment and products||General|
|Environment and products||International watercourses|
|Environment and products||Waste|
|Finance, payments and insolvency||Assignment of receivables|
|Finance, payments and insolvency||Bankruptcy and insolvency|
|Finance, payments and insolvency||Bills of exchange and promissory notes|
|Finance, payments and insolvency||Cheques|
|Good Governance||Cultural Property|
|Good Governance||Insider Trading|
|Human Rights and Labour Standards||Human rights|
|Intellectual property||Industrial designs|
|Intellectual property||Integrated circuits|
|Intellectual property||Neighboring Rights|
|Intellectual property||Varieties of plants|
|Transport and telecommunications||Aircrafts and civil aviation|
|Transport and telecommunications||Maritime transport|
|Transport and telecommunications||Multi modal transport|
|Transport and telecommunications||Rail transport|
|Transport and telecommunications||Road transport|