Cyprus

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

Cyprus ( (listen)), officially the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea south of the Anatolian Peninsula. Continentally, it is often placed alternatively in Western Asia while being culturally tied to Southeast Europe. It is the third-largest and third-most populous island in the Mediterranean, and is south of Turkey and west of Syria. Its capital and largest city is Nicosia.
The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC. As a strategic location in the Eastern Mediterranean, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great. Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Classical and Eastern Roman Empire, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 1571 and 1878 (de jure until 1914).Cyprus was placed under the United Kingdom's administration based on the Cyprus Convention in 1878 and was formally annexed by the UK in 1914. The future of the island became a matter of disagreement between the two prominent ethnic communities, Greek Cypriots, who made up 77% of the population in 1960, and Turkish Cypriots, who made up 18% of the population. From the 19th century onwards, the Greek Cypriot population pursued enosis, union with Greece, which became a Greek national policy in the 1950s.The Turkish Cypriot population initially advocated the continuation of the British rule, then demanded the annexation of the island to Turkey, and in the 1950s, together with Turkey, established a policy of taksim, the partition of Cyprus and the creation of a Turkish polity in the north. Following nationalist violence in the 1950s, Cyprus was granted independence in 1960. The crisis of 1963–64 brought further intercommunal violence between the two communities, displaced more than 25,000 Turkish Cypriots into enclaves: 56–59  and brought the end of Turkish Cypriot representation in the republic. On 15 July 1974, a coup d'état was staged by Greek Cypriot nationalists and elements of the Greek military junta in an attempt at enosis. This action precipitated the Turkish invasion of Cyprus on 20 July, which led to the capture of the present-day territory of Northern Cyprus and the displacement of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots. A separate Turkish Cypriot state in the north was established by unilateral declaration in 1983; the move was widely condemned by the international community, with Turkey alone recognising the new state. These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute.
The Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the entire island, including its territorial waters and exclusive economic zone, with the exception of the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, which remain under the UK's control according to the London and Zürich Agreements. However, the Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts: the area under the effective control of the Republic, located in the south and west and comprising about 59% of the island's area, and the north, administered by the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, covering about 36% of the island's area. Another nearly 4% of the island's area is covered by the UN buffer zone. The international community considers the northern part of the island to be territory of the Republic of Cyprus occupied by Turkish forces. The occupation is viewed as illegal under international law and amounting to illegal occupation of EU territory since Cyprus became a member of the European Union.Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. With an advanced, high-income economy and a very high Human Development Index, the Republic of Cyprus has been a member of the Commonwealth since 1961 and was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the eurozone.


Summary
Instruments ratified: 162 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 58.72%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 64.38%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 28 / 194
Developing country rank: 1 / 87
Developing country Avg. Ratifications: 109 / 282
Europe Union rank: 23 / 28
Europe Union Avg. Ratifications: 180 / 282
Western Asia rank: 1 / 18
Western Asia Avg. Ratifications: 118 / 282
Comparative Statistical Analysis
CONTRACTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Agency0/20.00%2.00%8Weak
Conflict of laws0/70.00%3.00%27Weak
E-commerce0/30.00%18.00%70Weak
Franchising0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Leasing/Factoring0/20.00%5.00%13Weak
Principles, trade usages and standards0/20.00%0.00%1Average
Procurement0/40.00%3.00%31Weak
Sale of Goods1/5 (20.00%)45.45%25.00%29Strong
Travel contracts0/10.00%3.00%7Weak
Total17.25%9.00%94Weak
 
CUSTOMSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Customs Codification2/3 (66.67%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Customs Cooperation3/6 (50.00%)60.00%26.00%4Strong
Exemption from Duties6/9 (66.67%)74.07%30.00%18Strong
Temporary Admission8/11 (72.73%)82.35%28.00%18Strong
Transit1/4 (25.00%)27.27%28.00%62Weak
Total2070.65%31.00%23Strong
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTIONInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Arbitration2/6 (33.33%)50.00%32.00%29Strong
Judicial cooperation5/5 (100.00%)100.00%36.00%1Strong
Recognition of foreign judgments2/2 (100.00%)100.00%2.00%1Strong
State court jurisdiction1/4 (25.00%)100.00%14.00%1Strong
State court procedure0/10.00%6.00%12Weak
State immunities 0/10.00%11.00%22Weak
Total1072.00%29.00%6Strong
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air4/5 (80.00%)80.00%86.00%59Weak
Chemicals1/1 (100.00%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Energy2/2 (100.00%)100.00%25.00%1Strong
Flora and fauna7/10 (70.00%)76.09%68.00%46Strong
Foodstuff2/2 (100.00%)100.00%79.00%1Strong
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
International watercourses0/10.00%18.00%36Weak
Maritime and Law of the Sea18/26 (69.23%)71.74%46.00%36Strong
Protected geographical areas 0/10.00%27.00%54Weak
Waste1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total3676.04%61.00%35Strong
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCYInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Assignment of receivables0/10.00%1.00%2Weak
Bankruptcy and insolvency0/10.00%21.00%41Weak
Bills of exchange and promissory notes1/4 (25.00%)10.00%8.00%32Strong
Cheques1/3 (33.33%)20.00%13.00%26Strong
Credit transfers0/10.00%0.00%1Average
International guarantees0/30.00%20.00%75Weak
Total24.88%12.00%113Weak
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Corruption2/4 (50.00%)66.67%50.00%34Strong
Cultural Property3/4 (75.00%)81.25%54.00%21Strong
Drugs3/3 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Insider Trading1/1 (100.00%)100.00%4.00%1Strong
Organized crime2/2 (100.00%)100.00%80.00%1Strong
Total1186.54%68.00%14Strong
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Human Rights7/7 (100.00%)100.00%96.00%1Weak
Labour Standards8/8 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Total15100.00%91.00%1Average
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATIONInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Dispute Resolution1/1 (100.00%)100.00%39.00%1Strong
International Trade Law 9/10 (90.00%)90.00%73.00%34Strong
Trade support institutions6/6 (100.00%)100.00%51.00%1Strong
Total1694.12%63.00%22Strong
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Broadcasting1/1 (100.00%)100.00%47.00%1Strong
Copyright3/3 (100.00%)100.00%65.00%1Strong
Industrial designs0/20.00%31.00%82Weak
Integrated circuits0/10.00%2.00%4Weak
Neighboring Rights3/3 (100.00%)100.00%46.00%1Strong
Origin0/30.00%14.00%51Weak
Patents2/5 (40.00%)47.62%57.00%87Weak
Trademarks3/6 (50.00%)59.09%33.00%46Strong
Varieties of plants0/10.00%37.00%73Weak
Total1254.74%42.00%68Strong
 
INVESTMENTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Investment disputes1/2 (50.00%)50.00%39.00%2Strong
Investment guaranty1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total266.67%57.00%2Strong
 
PRODUCTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Marine Resources0/10.00%24.00%48Weak
Timber0/10.00%31.00%61Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%92.00%1Weak
Total138.46%53.00%85Weak
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air transport5/7 (71.43%)90.48%59.00%4Strong
Aircrafts and civil aviation 5/9 (55.56%)76.00%74.00%80Weak
Maritime shipping and load lines 11/13 (84.62%)94.29%66.00%11Strong
Maritime transport4/12 (33.33%)33.33%27.00%55Strong
Multi modal transport 0/20.00%4.00%15Weak
Rail transport0/30.00%22.00%50Weak
Road transport2/4 (50.00%)44.44%31.00%63Strong
Space3/4 (75.00%)83.33%40.00%16Strong
Telecommunications1/2 (50.00%)83.33%47.00%26Strong
Total3165.54%50.00%41Strong
 
TREATIES LAWInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
General3/4 (75.00%)91.67%30.00%4Strong
Total391.67%30.00%4Strong
 
WTOInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Plurilateral Agreements1/2 (50.00%)50.00%18.00%26Strong
WTO Agreements1/1 (100.00%)100.00%81.00%1Strong
Total272.73%47.00%26Strong
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
ContractsSale of Goods
CustomsCustoms Codification
CustomsCustoms Cooperation
CustomsExemption from Duties
CustomsTemporary Admission
Dispute resolutionArbitration
Dispute resolutionJudicial cooperation
Dispute resolutionRecognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolutionState court jurisdiction
Environment and productsChemicals
Environment and productsEnergy
Environment and productsFlora and fauna
Environment and productsFoodstuff
Environment and productsMaritime and Law of the Sea
Finance, payments and insolvencyBills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvencyCheques
Good Governance Corruption
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Insider Trading
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour StandardsLabour Standards
Institutional ParticipationDispute Resolution
Institutional ParticipationInternational Trade Law
Institutional ParticipationTrade support institutions
Intellectual propertyBroadcasting
Intellectual propertyCopyright
Intellectual propertyNeighboring Rights
Intellectual propertyTrademarks
InvestmentsInvestment disputes
Transport and telecommunicationsAir transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRoad transport
Transport and telecommunicationsSpace
Transport and telecommunicationsTelecommunications
Treaties lawGeneral
WTOPlurilateral Agreements
WTOWTO Agreements
 
Average
ContractsFranchising
ContractsPrinciples, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvencyCredit transfers
 
Weak
ContractsAgency
ContractsConflict of laws
ContractsE-commerce
ContractsLeasing/Factoring
ContractsProcurement
ContractsTravel contracts
CustomsTransit
Dispute resolutionState court procedure
Dispute resolutionState immunities
Environment and productsAir
Environment and productsGeneral
Environment and productsInternational watercourses
Environment and productsProtected geographical areas
Environment and productsWaste
Finance, payments and insolvencyAssignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvencyBankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvencyInternational guarantees
Good Governance Drugs
Human Rights and Labour StandardsHuman rights
Intellectual propertyIndustrial designs
Intellectual propertyIntegrated circuits
Intellectual propertyOrigin
Intellectual propertyPatents
Intellectual propertyVarieties of plants
InvestmentsInvestment guaranty
ProductsGeneral
ProductsMarine Resources
ProductsTimber
Transport and telecommunicationsAircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunicationsMulti modal transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRail transport
Instruments ratifications
CONTRACTSWeight: 9/10
AgencyRat. DateRelevance
14/03/1978
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 14 March 1978 on the Law Applicable to Agency
--
1
15/02/1983
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
--
1
Conflict of lawsRat. DateRelevance
01/07/1985
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 July 1985 on the Law Applicable to Trusts and on their Recognition
--
1
01/06/1956
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 June 1956 concerning the recognition of the legal personality of foreign companies, associations and institutions
--
0
15/04/1958
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 April 1958 on the law governing transfer of title in international sales of goods
--
0
15/06/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 June 1955 on the law applicable to international sales of goods
--
1
02/10/1973
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 2 October 1973 on the Law Applicable to Products Liability
--
1
22/12/1986
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 22 December 1986 on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
1
05/07/2006
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 5 July 2006 on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in respect of Securities held with an Intermediary
--
3
E-commerceRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1996
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce
--
5
05/07/2001
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures
--
5
23/11/2005
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts
--
5
FranchisingRat. DateRelevance
01/08/1998
(Rome, Italy)
Guide to International Master Franchise Arrangements
--
3
01/09/2002
(Rome, Italy)
Model Franchise Disclosure Law
--
3
Leasing/FactoringRat. DateRelevance
28/05/1988
(Ottawa, Canada)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Factoring
--
3
28/05/1988
(Ottawa, Canada)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing
--
3
Principles, trade usages and standardsRat. DateRelevance
01/05/2000
(Paris, France)
Abbreviations of Incoterms / Alphabetic Code for Incoterms 2000
--
5
21/04/2004
(Rome, Italy)
UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts
--
5
ProcurementRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1999
(Washington D.C., USA)
Guidelines Procurement under IBRD Loans and IDA Credits
--
5
09/12/2003
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects
--
3
09/12/1993
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods and Construction
--
3
09/12/1994
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services, with Guide to Enactment
--
3
Sale of GoodsRat. DateRelevance
11/04/1980
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
07/03/2005
5
14/06/1974
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods
--
1
01/07/1964
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention Relating to a Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
1
01/07/1964
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention Relating to a Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods
--
1
11/04/1980
(Vienna, Austria)
Protocol amending the Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods
--
3
31/01/1988
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Legal Guide on Drawing Up International Contracts for the Construction of Industrial Works
--
3
Travel contractsRat. DateRelevance
23/04/1970
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Travel Contracts
--
1
 
CUSTOMSWeight: 9/10
Customs CodificationRat. DateRelevance
14/06/1983
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
21/03/1994
5
24/06/1986
(Brussels, Belgium)
Protocol of Amendment to the International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
21/03/1994
0
01/07/1955
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention on Nomenclature for the Classification of Goods in Customs Tariffs
--
0
Customs CooperationRat. DateRelevance
26/06/1999
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of Customs procedures (Kyoto Convention)
25/10/2004
5
21/10/1982
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods
01/07/2002
1
09/06/1977
(Nairobi, Kenya)
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance for the Prevention, Investigation and Repression of Customs Offences
30/05/2001
3
15/12/1950
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes
--
0
27/06/2003
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters
--
3
18/05/1973
(Kyoto, Japan)
International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures
--
3
Exemption from DutiesRat. DateRelevance
26/11/1976
(Nairobi, Kenya)
Protocol to the Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials
03/08/2004
3
10/12/1948
(Beirout, Lebanon)
Agreement for Facilitating the International Circulation of Visual and Auditory Materials of an Educational, Scientific and Cultural Character
10/08/1972
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Additional Protocol to the Convention concerning Customs Facilities for Touring, relating to the Importation of Tourist Publicity Documents and Material
16/05/1963
3
17/06/1950
(Florence, Italy)
Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials
16/05/1963
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Convention concerning Customs Facilities for Touring
16/05/1963
5
07/11/1952
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention to Facilitate the Importation of Commercial Samples and Advertising Materials
16/05/1963
3
21/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on Customs Treatment of Pool Containers used in International Transport
--
3
01/12/1964
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention Concerning Welfare Materials for Seafarers
--
1
02/12/1972
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on Containers
--
3
Temporary AdmissionRat. DateRelevance
26/06/1990
(Istanbul, Turkey)
Convention on Temporary Admission
25/10/2004
5
18/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Commercial Road Vehicles
02/02/1983
3
06/12/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the A.T.A. Carnet for the Temporary Admission of Goods
25/10/1976
3
08/06/1970
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Pedagogic Material
30/11/1973
3
08/06/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention Concerning Facilities for the Importation of Goods for Display or Use at Exhibitions, Fairs, Meetings or Similar Events
15/12/1972
3
08/06/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Professional Equipment
15/12/1972
3
11/06/1968
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Scientific Equipment
12/02/1971
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Private Road Vehicles
16/05/1963
5
01/03/1956
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on ECS Carnets for Commercial Samples
--
0
18/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation for Private Use of Aircraft and Pleasure Boats
--
3
06/10/1960
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Packings
--
3
TransitRat. DateRelevance
14/11/1975
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets
07/08/1981
3
20/04/1921
(Barcelona, Spain)
Convention and Statute on Freedom of Transit
--
5
08/07/1965
(New York, USA)
Convention on Transit Trade of Land-Locked States
--
3
07/06/1971
(Vienna, Austria)
Customs Convention on the International Transit of Goods (ITI)
--
0
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTIONWeight: 9/10
ArbitrationRat. DateRelevance
21/06/1985
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985), with amendments as adopted in 2006
01/01/1987
5
10/06/1958
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards
29/12/1980
5
26/09/1927
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards
--
1
24/09/1923
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Protocol on Arbitration Clauses
--
1
28/04/1976
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules
--
3
23/07/1980
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules
--
3
19/11/2002
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation
--
3
28/06/1996
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Notes on Organizing Arbitral Proceedings
--
1
06/12/2013
(New York)
UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
3
10/12/2014
(Port Louis, Mauritius)
United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
5
Judicial cooperationRat. DateRelevance
25/10/1980
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 25 October 1980 on International Access to Justice
27/07/2000
3
01/03/1954
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 March 1954 on civil procedure
27/04/2000
1
15/11/1965
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 November 1965 on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters
01/06/1983
5
18/03/1970
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 18 March 1970 on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters
13/01/1983
5
05/10/1961
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents
26/07/1972
5
Recognition of foreign judgmentsRat. DateRelevance
01/02/1971
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 February 1971 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters
08/06/1976
1
01/02/1971
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Supplementary Protocol of 1 February 1971 to the Hague Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters
08/06/1976
1
State court jurisdictionRat. DateRelevance
30/06/2005
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 30 June 2005 on the Choice of Court Agreements
01/10/2015
5
15/04/1958
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 April 1958 on the jurisdiction of the selected forum in the case of international sales of goods
--
0
15/06/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 June 1955 relating to the settlement of the conflicts between the law of nationality and the law of domicile
--
0
25/11/1965
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 25 November 1965 on the Choice of Court
--
0
State court procedureRat. DateRelevance
10/05/1952
(Bruxelles, Belgium)
International convention for the unification of certain rules relating to the arrest of seagoing ships
--
1
12/03/1999
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on Arrest of Ships
--
1
State immunities Rat. DateRelevance
02/12/2004
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property
--
3
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTSWeight: 9/10
AirRat. DateRelevance
11/12/1997
(Kyoto, Japan)
Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
16/07/1999
5
09/05/1992
(New York, USA)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
15/10/1997
5
22/03/1985
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
28/05/1992
5
16/09/1987
(Montreal, Canada)
Protocol to the 1985 Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
28/05/1992
5
12/12/2015
(Paris, France)
The Paris Agreement
--
5
ChemicalsRat. DateRelevance
11/09/1998
(Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade
17/12/2004
5
EnergyRat. DateRelevance
17/12/1994
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Protocol on Energy efficiency and Related Environmental Aspects
15/04/1998
1
17/12/1994
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Energy Charter Treaty
16/01/1998
1
Flora and faunaRat. DateRelevance
29/01/2000
(Montreal, Canada)
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity
05/12/2003
5
03/11/2001
(Rome, Italy)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
15/09/2003
5
04/12/1995
(New York, USA)
United Nations Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks
25/09/2002
5
14/10/1994
(Paris, France)
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
29/03/2000
5
06/12/1951
(Rome, Italy)
International Plant Protection Convention
11/02/1999
5
05/06/1992
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Convention on Biological Diversity
10/07/1996
5
03/03/1973
(Washington D.C., USA)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
18/10/1974
5
20/05/1980
(Canberra, Australia)
Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine and Living Resources
--
3
14/05/1966
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
--
3
26/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Tropical Timber Agreement
--
5
FoodstuffRat. DateRelevance
03/11/2001
(Rome, Italy)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
15/09/2003
5
01/01/1962
(Rome, Italy)
Codex Alimentarius
01/01/1971
3
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
22/05/2001
(Stockholm)
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
06/08/2002
5
International watercoursesRat. DateRelevance
21/05/1997
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses
--
1
Maritime and Law of the SeaRat. DateRelevance
18/05/2007
(Nairobi, Kenya)
International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007 (Nairobi Convention 2007)
22/07/2015
1
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex IV to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
30/05/2006
5
02/05/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1996 to amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 (LLMC PROT 1996)
23/12/2005
3
23/03/2001
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage
10/01/2005
5
03/05/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea
10/01/2005
5
26/09/1997
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1997 to amend the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL PROT 1997) (Annex VI on the prevention of air pollution from ships)
06/10/2004
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex III to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
22/03/2004
5
27/11/1992
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1992 to amend the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1992)
12/05/1997
3
27/11/1992
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to Amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 2)
12/05/1997
5
02/12/1972
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC), 1972, as amended
18/11/1996
3
29/12/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
07/06/1990
3
18/12/1971
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 1)
26/07/1989
1
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, 1971 (FUND PROT 1976)
26/07/1989
3
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
22/06/1989
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex V to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
22/06/1989
5
29/11/1969
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage
19/06/1989
1
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1976)
19/06/1989
3
10/12/1982
(Montego Bay, Jamaica)
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
12/12/1988
5
12/02/2004
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ ballast Water and Sediments, 2004
--
1
30/11/1990
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation
--
5
28/04/1989
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Salvage, 1989 (SALVAGE, 1989)
--
1
29/11/1969
(Bruxelles, Belgium)
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties
--
3
16/05/2003
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2003 to amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992
--
5
15/03/2000
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol on Prepardeness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances
--
5
02/11/1973
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Pollution by Substances other than Oil
--
3
07/11/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
--
3
Protected geographical areas Rat. DateRelevance
01/12/1959
(Washington D.C., USA)
Antarctic Treaty
--
3
WasteRat. DateRelevance
22/03/1989
(Basel, Switzerland)
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
17/09/1992
5
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCYWeight: 2/10
Assignment of receivablesRat. DateRelevance
12/12/2001
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on the Assignment of Receivables in International Trade
--
5
Bankruptcy and insolvencyRat. DateRelevance
30/05/1997
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency
--
5
Bills of exchange and promissory notesRat. DateRelevance
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Stamp Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
05/03/1968
1
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
--
1
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention Providing a Uniform Law for Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
--
3
09/12/1988
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes
--
5
ChequesRat. DateRelevance
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Stamp Laws in Connection with Cheques
05/03/1968
1
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Cheques
--
1
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention Providing a Uniform Law for Cheques
--
3
Credit transfersRat. DateRelevance
15/05/1992
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Credit Transfers
--
5
Documentary creditRat. DateRelevance
01/07/2007
(Paris, France)
Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (UCP 600)
--
5
16/05/1995
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Collections (URC 522)
--
5
International guaranteesRat. DateRelevance
16/11/2001
(Cape Town, South Africa)
Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment
--
3
16/11/2001
(Cape Town, South Africa)
Protocol to the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipmenton Matters specific to Aircraft Equipment
--
3
01/01/1993
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Contract Bonds (URCB 524)
--
3
01/01/1992
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Demand Guarantees (URDG 458)
--
3
11/12/1995
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on Independant Guarantees and Stand-by Letters of Credits
--
5
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Weight: 8/10
CorruptionRat. DateRelevance
31/10/2003
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention against Corruption
23/02/2009
5
04/11/1999
(Strasbourg, France)
Civil Law Convention on Corruption
23/06/2005
3
17/12/1997
(Paris, France)
Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
--
1
01/11/2002
(Kimberley, South Africa)
The Kimberley Process
--
3
Cultural PropertyRat. DateRelevance
24/06/1995
(Rome, Italy)
UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects
02/03/2004
5
14/11/1970
(Paris, France)
Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property
19/10/1979
3
16/11/1972
(Paris, France)
Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
14/08/1975
5
02/11/2001
(Paris)
Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage
--
3
DrugsRat. DateRelevance
20/12/1988
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
25/05/1990
5
25/03/1972
(New York, USA)
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 (amended by the Protocol of 25 March 1972)
30/11/1973
5
21/02/1971
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Psychotropic Substances
26/11/1973
5
Insider TradingRat. DateRelevance
20/04/1989
(Strasbourg, France)
Convention on Insider Trading
08/02/1994
1
Organized crimeRat. DateRelevance
31/05/2001
(New York, USA)
Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Amunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
06/08/2003
3
15/11/2000
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
22/04/2003
5
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDSWeight: /10
Human RightsRat. DateRelevance
10/12/1984
(New York)
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
17/05/1995
5
09/12/1948
(Paris)
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
21/10/1991
5
20/11/1989
(New York)
Convention on the rights of the child (1989)
21/08/1991
5
18/12/1979
(New York)
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
23/07/1985
5
21/12/1965
(New York)
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
15/02/1972
5
16/12/1966
(New York)
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
16/12/1966
5
16/12/1966
(New York)
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
16/12/1966
5
Labour StandardsRat. DateRelevance
17/06/1999
(Geneva)
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
20/06/2001
5
26/06/1973
(Geneva)
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
27/09/1983
5
02/08/1951
(Geneva)
Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100)
03/08/1978
5
28/06/1930
(Geneva)
Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
03/08/1978
5
05/07/1958
(Geneva)
Convention concerning Discrimination in respect of employment and occupation, N°111 (1958)
02/02/1968
5
09/07/1948
(San Francisco)
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention, N° 87 (1948)
29/05/1967
5
01/07/1949
(Geneva)
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98)
28/05/1959
5
26/06/1957
(Geneva)
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105)
17/01/1958
5
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATIONWeight: 3/10
Dispute ResolutionRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1923
(Paris, France)
Members to the ICC International Court of Arbitration
01/01/1923
3
International Trade Law Rat. DateRelevance
15/03/1940
(Rome, Italy)
The International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT) Statute
01/01/1999
3
22/12/1992
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
22/12/1992
3
01/09/1953
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Statute of the Hague Conference on Private International Law
08/10/1984
3
14/07/1967
(Stockholm, Sweden)
Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
26/07/1984
3
17/12/1966
(New York, USA)
Membership of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
01/01/1974
3
06/03/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
21/11/1973
3
01/01/1962
(Rome, Italy)
Codex Alimentarius
01/01/1971
3
15/12/1950
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention Establishing a Customs Co-operation Council
31/08/1967
3
12/10/1955
(Paris, France)
International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML)
12/10/1955
3
22/07/1944
(Bretton Woods, USA)
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) Articles of Agreement
--
3
Trade support institutionsRat. DateRelevance
23/02/1947
(London, United Kingdom)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
10/05/2016
3
23/03/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Road Transport Union (IRU)
23/03/1948
3
31/05/1926
(Vienna, Austria)
International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA)
31/05/1926
3
01/01/1921
(London, United Kingdom)
International Chamber of Shipping (ICS)
01/01/1921
3
01/01/1919
(Paris, France)
National Committees of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
01/01/1919
3
01/01/1913
(Lausanne, Switzerland)
National Member Associations of the International Federation of Consulting Engineer (FIDIC)
01/01/1913
3
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYWeight: 9/10
BroadcastingRat. DateRelevance
26/10/1961
(Rome, Italy)
International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations
17/03/2009
5
CopyrightRat. DateRelevance
20/12/1996
(Geneva, Switzerland)
WIPO Copyright Treaty
04/08/2003
5
24/07/1971
(Paris, France)
Universal Copyright Convention, revised by the Paris convention on July 24, 1971
19/09/1990
1
09/09/1886
(Berne, Switzerland)
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
24/02/1964
5
Industrial designsRat. DateRelevance
08/10/1968
(Locarno, Switzerland)
Locarno Agreement Establishing an International Classification for Industrial Designs
--
3
06/11/1925
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
The Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs
--
5
Integrated circuitsRat. DateRelevance
26/05/1989
(Washington D.C., USA)
Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of Integrated Circuits
--
1
Neighboring RightsRat. DateRelevance
26/10/1961
(Rome, Italy)
International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations
17/03/2009
5
20/12/1996
(Geneva, Switzerland)
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
02/09/2005
5
29/10/1971
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms
25/06/1993
3
OriginRat. DateRelevance
20/05/2015
(Geneva, Swizertland)
Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications
--
3
31/10/1958
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration
--
3
14/04/1891
(Madrid, Spain)
Madrid Agreement for Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods
--
3
PatentsRat. DateRelevance
19/06/1970
(Washington D.C., USA)
Patent Cooperation Treaty (with regulations)
01/01/1998
5
02/03/1883
(Paris, France)
Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
17/12/1965
5
28/04/1977
(Budapest, Hungary)
Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure
--
5
01/01/2000
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Patent Law Treaty
--
3
21/05/1974
(Strasbourg, France)
Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification
--
3
TrademarksRat. DateRelevance
14/04/1891
(Madrid, Spain)
Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
04/08/2003
3
28/06/1989
(Madrid, Spain)
Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
04/08/2003
5
27/10/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Trademark Law Treaty
17/01/1997
5
15/06/1957
(Nice, France)
Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks
--
3
12/06/1973
(Vienna, Austria)
Agreement Establishing an International Classification of the Figurative Elements of Marks
--
1
28/03/2006
(Singapore, Singapore)
Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks
--
5
Varieties of plantsRat. DateRelevance
02/12/1961
(Paris, France)
International convention for the protection of new varieties of plants. Convention UPOV (1961), amended in Geneva (1972, 1978 and 1991)
--
5
 
INVESTMENTSWeight: 2/10
Guides, guidelines and practicesRat. DateRelevance
21/09/1992
(Washington D.C., USA)
Guidelines on the Treatment of Foreign Direct Investment
--
3
Investment disputesRat. DateRelevance
18/03/1965
(Washington D.C., USA)
Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Between States and Nationals of Other States
25/11/1966
5
06/12/2013
(New York)
UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
3
10/12/2014
(Port Louis, Mauritius)
United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
5
Investment guarantyRat. DateRelevance
11/10/1985
(Seoul, South Korea)
Convention Establishing the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
11/03/1987
5
TaxRat. DateRelevance
01/01/2000
(New York, USA)
Revised United Nations Model Taxation Convention between Developed and Developing Countries
--
5
 
PRODUCTSWeight: 5/10
FoodRat. DateRelevance
01/06/1951
(Stressa, Italy)
International Convention on the use of appellations of orign and denominations of cheeses (Convention of Stresa)
--
0
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1951
(Rome, Italy)
International Plant Protection Convention
11/02/1999
5
17/06/2003
()
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
--
5
Marine ResourcesRat. DateRelevance
14/05/1966
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
--
3
TimberRat. DateRelevance
26/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Tropical Timber Agreement
--
5
 
TAXWeight: 0/10
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
14/12/1956
(Geneva)
Convention on the Taxation of Road Vehicles Engaged in International Goods Transport
--
3
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONSWeight: 9/10
Air transportRat. DateRelevance
28/05/1999
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air
20/11/2002
5
01/03/1991
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection
20/09/2002
3
25/09/1975
(Montreal)
Additional Protocol No 2 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
10/11/1992
1
25/09/1975
(Montreal)
Additional Protocol No 3 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
10/11/1992
1
25/09/1975
(Montreal, Canada)
Additional Protocol No 4 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
10/11/1992
3
28/09/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Protocol to amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air
23/07/1970
3
12/10/1929
(Warsaw, Poland)
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air
08/05/1963
5
10/09/2010
(Beijing)
Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation
--
1
10/09/2010
(Beijing)
Protocol Supplementary to the Convention for the suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
--
1
Aircrafts and civil aviation Rat. DateRelevance
23/09/1971
(Montreal)
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airport Serving International Civil Aviation, Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation
23/04/2002
1
06/10/1989
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 56)
06/10/1989
1
24/09/1968
(Buenos Aires)
Protocol on the authentic trilingual text of the Convention on international civil aviation
21/07/1989
1
10/05/1984
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 3bis)
05/07/1989
1
14/06/1954
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 45)
05/07/1989
1
15/09/1962
(Rome)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a))
05/07/1989
1
27/05/1947
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 93bis)
05/07/1989
1
14/06/1954
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to Certain Amendments to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a), 49 e) and 61)
05/07/1989
1
23/09/1971
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation
27/07/1973
3
16/12/1970
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
05/07/1972
3
14/09/1963
(Tokyo, Japan)
Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft
31/05/1972
3
18/09/1961
(Guadalajara)
Convention, Supplementary to the Warsaw Convention, for the Unification of Certains Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air Performed by a Person Other than the Contracting Carrier
31/08/1970
1
21/06/1961
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 50 a))
31/07/1962
1
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
International Air Services Transit Agreement
12/10/1961
5
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
Convention on International Civil Aviation
17/01/1961
5
02/05/2009
(Montreal)
Convention on Compensation for Damage to Third Parties, Resulting from Acts of Unlawful Interference Involving Aircraft
--
1
07/10/1952
(Rome, Italy)
Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface
--
1
19/06/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the International Recognition of Rights in Aircraft
--
3
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
International Air Transport Agreement
--
1
29/09/1995
(Montreal)
Protocol on the Authentic Quinquelingual Text of the Convention on International Civil Aviation
--
1
29/09/1995
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (final clause)
--
1
23/09/1978
(Montreal)
Protocol to Amend the Convention on Damage by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface
--
1
Maritime shipping and load lines Rat. DateRelevance
17/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims
23/12/2005
3
05/10/2001
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships
23/12/2005
1
09/04/1965
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL)
09/03/2004
3
11/11/1988
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1988 Relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974
04/02/1998
3
11/11/1988
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1988 relating to the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966 (LLPROT 1988)
04/02/1998
1
27/04/1979
(Hamburg, Germany)
International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR)
29/07/1994
1
23/06/1969
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Tonnage Measurements of Ships, 1969 (TONNAGE 1969)
09/05/1986
1
01/11/1974
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) 1974
11/10/1985
5
07/07/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
28/03/1985
5
20/10/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG)
04/11/1980
5
05/04/1966
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Load Lines
05/05/1969
5
06/05/1993
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages
--
1
07/02/1986
(Geneva, Switzerland)
United Nations Convention on Conditions for Registration of Ships
--
1
Maritime transportRat. DateRelevance
10/03/1988
(Rome, Italy)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, 1988 (SUA 1988)
02/02/2000
1
10/03/1988
(Rome, Italy)
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf, 1988
02/02/2000
1
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 as amended. (SOLAS PROT)
11/10/1985
3
25/08/1924
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading [Hague Rules]
02/12/1930
3
13/12/1974
(Athens, Greece)
Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea
--
3
21/12/1979
(Brussels)
Protocol (SDR Protocol) amending the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading of 25 August 1924 (The Hague Rules), as amended by the Protocol of 23 February 1968 (Visby Rules)
--
1
29/03/1990
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1990 to amend the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
01/11/2002
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2002 to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
14/10/2005
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2005 to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation
--
1
14/10/2005
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2005 to the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf.
--
1
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
11/12/2008
(Rotterdam)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea
--
5
31/03/1978
(Hamburg, Germany)
United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea
--
3
Multi modal transport Rat. DateRelevance
24/05/1980
(Geneva, Switzerland)
United Nations Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods
--
1
19/04/1991
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention on the Liability of Operators of Transport Terminals in International Trade
--
1
Rail transportRat. DateRelevance
09/05/1980
(Berne, Switzerland)
Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
--
5
10/01/1952
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention to Facilitate the Crossing of Frontiers for Goods carried by Rail
--
3
20/12/1990
(Berne, Switzerland)
Protocol amending the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
--
3
03/06/1999
(Vilnius, Lithuania)
Protocol of 3 June 1999 for the Modification of the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF) of 9 May 1980
--
3
Road transportRat. DateRelevance
19/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
02/07/2003
5
05/07/1978
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Protocol to the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
02/07/2003
3
08/11/1968
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Road Signs and Signals
--
5
08/11/1968
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Road Traffic
--
5
14/12/1956
(Geneva)
Convention on the Taxation of Road Vehicles Engaged in International Goods Transport
--
3
SpaceRat. DateRelevance
12/11/1974
(New York, USA)
Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space
06/07/1978
1
29/03/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects
15/05/1973
1
27/01/1967
(London, United Kingdom)
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
05/07/1972
3
22/04/1968
(London, Washington, Moscow)
Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects launched into outer Space
17/12/1970
0
05/12/1979
(New York, USA)
Agreement governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
--
1
TelecommunicationsRat. DateRelevance
03/09/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the International Mobile Satellite Organization (Inmarsat), As Amended
08/06/1992
5
21/05/1974
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention relating to the Distribution of Programme-Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite
--
1
 
TREATIES LAWWeight: 2/10
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
23/08/1978
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties
12/03/2004
3
21/03/1986
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations
05/11/1991
3
23/05/1969
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
28/12/1976
5
08/04/1983
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of State Property, Archives and Debts
--
1
 
WTOWeight: 10/10
Plurilateral AgreementsRat. DateRelevance
15/04/1994
(Marrakech, Morocco)
Government Procurement Agreement (GPA)
01/05/2004
3
12/04/1979
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Plurilateral Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft
--
3
WTO AgreementsRat. DateRelevance
27/11/2014
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Agreement onTrade Facilitation (TFA) of the World Trade Organization (WTO)
05/10/2015
5
15/04/1994
(Marrakech, Marocco)
WTO Agreements
30/07/1995
5
 
Historical Data

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