Belarus

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

Belarus, officially the Republic of Belarus, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Covering an area of 207,600 square kilometres (80,200 sq mi) and with a population of 9.4 million, Belarus is the 13th-largest and the 20th-most populous country in Europe. The country has a hemiboreal climate and is administratively divided into seven regions. Minsk is the capital and largest city.
Until the 20th century, different states at various times controlled the lands of modern-day Belarus, including Kievan Rus', the Principality of Polotsk, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution in 1917, different states arose competing for legitimacy amid the Civil War, ultimately ending in the rise of the Byelorussian SSR, which became a founding constituent republic of the Soviet Union in 1922. After the Polish-Soviet War, Belarus lost almost half of its territory to Poland. Much of the borders of Belarus took their modern shape in 1939, when some lands of the Second Polish Republic were reintegrated into it after the Soviet invasion of Poland, and were finalized after World War II. During World War II, military operations devastated Belarus, which lost about a quarter of its population and half of its economic resources. The republic was redeveloped in the post-war years. In 1945, the Byelorussian SSR became a founding member of the United Nations, along with the Soviet Union.
The parliament of the republic proclaimed the sovereignty of Belarus on 27 July 1990, and during the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Belarus declared independence on 25 August 1991. Following the adoption of a new constitution in 1994, Alexander Lukashenko was elected Belarus's first president in the country's first and only free election post-independence, serving as president ever since. Lukashenko heads a highly centralized authoritarian government, and has referred to himself as the "last dictator" in Europe. Belarus ranks low in international measurements of freedom of the press, civil liberties and retains capital punishment. It has continued a number of Soviet-era policies, such as state ownership of large sections of the economy. In 2000, Belarus and Russia signed a treaty for greater cooperation, forming the Union State.
Belarus is a developing country, ranking 60th in the Human Development Index. It has been a member of the United Nations since its founding and has joined the CIS, the CSTO, the EAEU, the OSCE, and the Non-Aligned Movement. It has shown no aspirations of joining the European Union but nevertheless maintains a bilateral relationship with the bloc and also participates in two EU projects, the Baku Initiative and the Eastern Partnership. Belarus suspended its participation in the latter on 28 June 2021, after the EU imposed more sanctions against the country.


Summary
Instruments ratified: 126 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 46.98%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 52.88%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 55 / 194
Eastern Europe rank: 9 / 10
Eastern Europe Avg. Ratifications: 160 / 282
Transition economy rank: 18 / 28
Transition economy Avg. Ratifications: 141 / 282
Comparative Statistical Analysis
CONTRACTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Agency0/20.00%2.00%8Weak
Conflict of laws0/70.00%3.00%27Weak
E-commerce0/30.00%18.00%70Weak
Franchising0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Leasing/Factoring1/2 (50.00%)50.00%5.00%8Strong
Principles, trade usages and standards0/20.00%0.00%1Average
Procurement0/40.00%3.00%31Weak
Sale of Goods3/5 (60.00%)81.82%25.00%2Strong
Travel contracts0/10.00%3.00%7Weak
Total417.39%9.00%25Strong
 
CUSTOMSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Customs Codification2/3 (66.67%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Customs Cooperation3/6 (50.00%)60.00%26.00%4Strong
Exemption from Duties1/9 (11.11%)11.11%30.00%109Weak
Temporary Admission2/11 (18.18%)23.53%28.00%77Weak
Transit2/4 (50.00%)54.55%28.00%42Strong
Total1033.70%31.00%74Weak
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTIONInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Arbitration2/6 (33.33%)50.00%32.00%29Strong
Judicial cooperation5/5 (100.00%)100.00%36.00%1Strong
Recognition of foreign judgments0/20.00%2.00%6Weak
State court jurisdiction0/40.00%14.00%29Weak
State court procedure0/10.00%6.00%12Weak
State immunities 0/10.00%11.00%22Weak
Total758.00%29.00%32Strong
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air5/5 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Chemicals0/10.00%78.00%152Weak
Energy0/20.00%25.00%50Weak
Flora and fauna5/10 (50.00%)54.35%68.00%152Weak
Foodstuff1/2 (50.00%)37.50%79.00%136Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
International watercourses0/10.00%18.00%36Weak
Maritime and Law of the Sea7/26 (26.92%)33.70%46.00%135Weak
Protected geographical areas 1/1 (100.00%)100.00%27.00%1Strong
Waste1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total2150.52%61.00%142Weak
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCYInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Assignment of receivables0/10.00%1.00%2Weak
Bankruptcy and insolvency0/10.00%21.00%41Weak
Bills of exchange and promissory notes3/4 (75.00%)50.00%8.00%1Strong
Cheques0/30.00%13.00%36Weak
Credit transfers0/10.00%0.00%1Average
International guarantees3/3 (100.00%)100.00%20.00%1Strong
Total639.02%12.00%3Strong
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Corruption3/4 (75.00%)91.67%50.00%3Strong
Cultural Property2/4 (50.00%)50.00%54.00%61Weak
Drugs3/3 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Insider Trading0/10.00%4.00%9Weak
Organized crime2/2 (100.00%)100.00%80.00%1Strong
Total1080.77%68.00%35Strong
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Human Rights7/7 (100.00%)100.00%96.00%1Weak
Labour Standards8/8 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Total15100.00%91.00%1Average
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATIONInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Dispute Resolution0/10.00%39.00%77Weak
International Trade Law 8/10 (80.00%)80.00%73.00%56Average
Trade support institutions3/6 (50.00%)50.00%51.00%82Weak
Total1164.71%63.00%79Weak
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Broadcasting1/1 (100.00%)100.00%47.00%1Strong
Copyright2/3 (66.67%)90.91%65.00%48Strong
Industrial designs1/2 (50.00%)37.50%31.00%64Strong
Integrated circuits0/10.00%2.00%4Weak
Neighboring Rights3/3 (100.00%)100.00%46.00%1Strong
Origin0/30.00%14.00%51Weak
Patents4/5 (80.00%)85.71%57.00%30Strong
Trademarks4/6 (66.67%)72.73%33.00%36Strong
Varieties of plants1/1 (100.00%)100.00%37.00%1Strong
Total1673.68%42.00%41Strong
 
INVESTMENTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Investment disputes1/2 (50.00%)50.00%39.00%2Strong
Investment guaranty1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total266.67%57.00%2Strong
 
PRODUCTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Marine Resources0/10.00%24.00%48Weak
Timber0/10.00%31.00%61Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%92.00%1Weak
Total138.46%53.00%85Weak
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air transport3/7 (42.86%)52.38%59.00%110Weak
Aircrafts and civil aviation 4/9 (44.44%)56.00%74.00%151Weak
Maritime shipping and load lines 4/13 (30.77%)57.14%66.00%151Weak
Maritime transport2/12 (16.67%)8.33%27.00%153Weak
Multi modal transport 0/20.00%4.00%15Weak
Rail transport0/30.00%22.00%50Weak
Road transport4/4 (100.00%)100.00%31.00%1Strong
Space3/4 (75.00%)83.33%40.00%16Strong
Telecommunications1/2 (50.00%)83.33%47.00%26Strong
Total2150.68%50.00%95Weak
 
TREATIES LAWInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
General2/4 (50.00%)66.67%30.00%11Strong
Total266.67%30.00%11Strong
 
WTOInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Plurilateral Agreements0/20.00%18.00%45Weak
WTO Agreements0/10.00%81.00%159Weak
Total00.00%47.00%159Weak
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
ContractsLeasing/Factoring
ContractsSale of Goods
CustomsCustoms Codification
CustomsCustoms Cooperation
CustomsTransit
Dispute resolutionArbitration
Dispute resolutionJudicial cooperation
Environment and productsAir
Environment and productsProtected geographical areas
Finance, payments and insolvencyBills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvencyInternational guarantees
Good Governance Corruption
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour StandardsLabour Standards
Intellectual propertyBroadcasting
Intellectual propertyCopyright
Intellectual propertyIndustrial designs
Intellectual propertyNeighboring Rights
Intellectual propertyPatents
Intellectual propertyTrademarks
Intellectual propertyVarieties of plants
InvestmentsInvestment disputes
Transport and telecommunicationsRoad transport
Transport and telecommunicationsSpace
Transport and telecommunicationsTelecommunications
Treaties lawGeneral
 
Average
ContractsFranchising
ContractsPrinciples, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvencyCredit transfers
Institutional ParticipationInternational Trade Law
 
Weak
ContractsAgency
ContractsConflict of laws
ContractsE-commerce
ContractsProcurement
ContractsTravel contracts
CustomsExemption from Duties
CustomsTemporary Admission
Dispute resolutionRecognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolutionState court jurisdiction
Dispute resolutionState court procedure
Dispute resolutionState immunities
Environment and productsChemicals
Environment and productsEnergy
Environment and productsFlora and fauna
Environment and productsFoodstuff
Environment and productsGeneral
Environment and productsInternational watercourses
Environment and productsMaritime and Law of the Sea
Environment and productsWaste
Finance, payments and insolvencyAssignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvencyBankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvencyCheques
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Drugs
Good Governance Insider Trading
Human Rights and Labour StandardsHuman rights
Institutional ParticipationDispute Resolution
Institutional ParticipationTrade support institutions
Intellectual propertyIntegrated circuits
Intellectual propertyOrigin
InvestmentsInvestment guaranty
ProductsGeneral
ProductsMarine Resources
ProductsTimber
Transport and telecommunicationsAir transport
Transport and telecommunicationsAircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMulti modal transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRail transport
WTOPlurilateral Agreements
WTOWTO Agreements
Instruments ratifications
CONTRACTSWeight: 9/10
AgencyRat. DateRelevance
14/03/1978
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 14 March 1978 on the Law Applicable to Agency
--
1
15/02/1983
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
--
1
Conflict of lawsRat. DateRelevance
01/07/1985
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 July 1985 on the Law Applicable to Trusts and on their Recognition
--
1
01/06/1956
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 June 1956 concerning the recognition of the legal personality of foreign companies, associations and institutions
--
0
15/04/1958
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 April 1958 on the law governing transfer of title in international sales of goods
--
0
15/06/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 June 1955 on the law applicable to international sales of goods
--
1
02/10/1973
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 2 October 1973 on the Law Applicable to Products Liability
--
1
22/12/1986
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 22 December 1986 on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
1
05/07/2006
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 5 July 2006 on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in respect of Securities held with an Intermediary
--
3
E-commerceRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1996
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce
--
5
05/07/2001
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures
--
5
23/11/2005
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts
--
5
FranchisingRat. DateRelevance
01/08/1998
(Rome, Italy)
Guide to International Master Franchise Arrangements
--
3
01/09/2002
(Rome, Italy)
Model Franchise Disclosure Law
--
3
Leasing/FactoringRat. DateRelevance
28/05/1988
(Ottawa, Canada)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing
18/08/1998
3
28/05/1988
(Ottawa, Canada)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Factoring
--
3
Principles, trade usages and standardsRat. DateRelevance
01/05/2000
(Paris, France)
Abbreviations of Incoterms / Alphabetic Code for Incoterms 2000
--
5
21/04/2004
(Rome, Italy)
UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts
--
5
ProcurementRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1999
(Washington D.C., USA)
Guidelines Procurement under IBRD Loans and IDA Credits
--
5
09/12/2003
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects
--
3
09/12/1993
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods and Construction
--
3
09/12/1994
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services, with Guide to Enactment
--
3
Sale of GoodsRat. DateRelevance
14/06/1974
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods
23/01/1997
1
11/04/1980
(Vienna, Austria)
Protocol amending the Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods
23/01/1997
3
11/04/1980
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
09/10/1989
5
01/07/1964
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention Relating to a Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
1
01/07/1964
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention Relating to a Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods
--
1
31/01/1988
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Legal Guide on Drawing Up International Contracts for the Construction of Industrial Works
--
3
Travel contractsRat. DateRelevance
23/04/1970
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Travel Contracts
--
1
 
CUSTOMSWeight: 9/10
Customs CodificationRat. DateRelevance
14/06/1983
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
21/10/1998
5
24/06/1986
(Brussels, Belgium)
Protocol of Amendment to the International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
21/10/1998
0
01/07/1955
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention on Nomenclature for the Classification of Goods in Customs Tariffs
--
0
Customs CooperationRat. DateRelevance
26/06/1999
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of Customs procedures (Kyoto Convention)
10/01/2011
5
09/06/1977
(Nairobi, Kenya)
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance for the Prevention, Investigation and Repression of Customs Offences
09/07/2000
3
21/10/1982
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods
05/04/1993
1
15/12/1950
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes
--
0
27/06/2003
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters
--
3
18/05/1973
(Kyoto, Japan)
International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures
--
3
Exemption from DutiesRat. DateRelevance
02/12/1972
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on Containers
01/09/1976
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Additional Protocol to the Convention concerning Customs Facilities for Touring, relating to the Importation of Tourist Publicity Documents and Material
--
3
10/12/1948
(Beirout, Lebanon)
Agreement for Facilitating the International Circulation of Visual and Auditory Materials of an Educational, Scientific and Cultural Character
--
3
17/06/1950
(Florence, Italy)
Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials
--
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Convention concerning Customs Facilities for Touring
--
5
21/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on Customs Treatment of Pool Containers used in International Transport
--
3
01/12/1964
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention Concerning Welfare Materials for Seafarers
--
1
07/11/1952
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention to Facilitate the Importation of Commercial Samples and Advertising Materials
--
3
26/11/1976
(Nairobi, Kenya)
Protocol to the Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials
--
3
Temporary AdmissionRat. DateRelevance
26/06/1990
(Istanbul, Turkey)
Convention on Temporary Admission
07/05/1998
5
06/12/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the A.T.A. Carnet for the Temporary Admission of Goods
07/05/1998
3
08/06/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention Concerning Facilities for the Importation of Goods for Display or Use at Exhibitions, Fairs, Meetings or Similar Events
--
3
01/03/1956
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on ECS Carnets for Commercial Samples
--
0
18/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation for Private Use of Aircraft and Pleasure Boats
--
3
18/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Commercial Road Vehicles
--
3
06/10/1960
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Packings
--
3
08/06/1970
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Pedagogic Material
--
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Private Road Vehicles
--
5
08/06/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Professional Equipment
--
3
11/06/1968
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Scientific Equipment
--
3
TransitRat. DateRelevance
14/11/1975
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets
05/04/1993
3
08/07/1965
(New York, USA)
Convention on Transit Trade of Land-Locked States
11/07/1972
3
20/04/1921
(Barcelona, Spain)
Convention and Statute on Freedom of Transit
--
5
07/06/1971
(Vienna, Austria)
Customs Convention on the International Transit of Goods (ITI)
--
0
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTIONWeight: 9/10
ArbitrationRat. DateRelevance
21/06/1985
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985), with amendments as adopted in 2006
30/11/1999
5
10/06/1958
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards
15/11/1960
5
26/09/1927
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards
--
1
24/09/1923
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Protocol on Arbitration Clauses
--
1
28/04/1976
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules
--
3
23/07/1980
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules
--
3
19/11/2002
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation
--
3
28/06/1996
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Notes on Organizing Arbitral Proceedings
--
1
06/12/2013
(New York)
UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
3
10/12/2014
(Port Louis, Mauritius)
United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
5
Judicial cooperationRat. DateRelevance
18/03/1970
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 18 March 1970 on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters
06/10/2001
5
25/10/1980
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 25 October 1980 on International Access to Justice
18/12/1997
3
15/11/1965
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 November 1965 on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters
06/06/1997
5
05/10/1961
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents
16/06/1992
5
01/03/1954
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 March 1954 on civil procedure
28/10/1966
1
Recognition of foreign judgmentsRat. DateRelevance
01/02/1971
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 February 1971 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters
--
1
01/02/1971
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Supplementary Protocol of 1 February 1971 to the Hague Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters
--
1
State court jurisdictionRat. DateRelevance
15/04/1958
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 April 1958 on the jurisdiction of the selected forum in the case of international sales of goods
--
0
15/06/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 June 1955 relating to the settlement of the conflicts between the law of nationality and the law of domicile
--
0
25/11/1965
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 25 November 1965 on the Choice of Court
--
0
30/06/2005
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 30 June 2005 on the Choice of Court Agreements
--
5
State court procedureRat. DateRelevance
10/05/1952
(Bruxelles, Belgium)
International convention for the unification of certain rules relating to the arrest of seagoing ships
--
1
12/03/1999
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on Arrest of Ships
--
1
State immunities Rat. DateRelevance
02/12/2004
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property
--
3
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTSWeight: 9/10
AirRat. DateRelevance
12/12/2015
(Paris, France)
The Paris Agreement
21/09/2016
5
11/12/1997
(Kyoto, Japan)
Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
26/08/2005
5
09/05/1992
(New York, USA)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
11/05/2000
5
16/09/1987
(Montreal, Canada)
Protocol to the 1985 Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
31/10/1988
5
22/03/1985
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
20/06/1986
5
ChemicalsRat. DateRelevance
11/09/1998
(Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade
--
5
EnergyRat. DateRelevance
17/12/1994
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Energy Charter Treaty
--
1
17/12/1994
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Protocol on Energy efficiency and Related Environmental Aspects
--
1
Flora and faunaRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1951
(Rome, Italy)
International Plant Protection Convention
21/02/2005
5
29/01/2000
(Montreal, Canada)
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity
26/08/2002
5
14/10/1994
(Paris, France)
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
29/08/2001
5
03/03/1973
(Washington D.C., USA)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
10/08/1995
5
05/06/1992
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Convention on Biological Diversity
08/09/1993
5
20/05/1980
(Canberra, Australia)
Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine and Living Resources
--
3
14/05/1966
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
--
3
03/11/2001
(Rome, Italy)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
--
5
26/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Tropical Timber Agreement
--
5
04/12/1995
(New York, USA)
United Nations Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks
--
5
FoodstuffRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1962
(Rome, Italy)
Codex Alimentarius
01/01/2006
3
03/11/2001
(Rome, Italy)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
--
5
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
22/05/2001
(Stockholm)
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
25/05/2006
5
International watercoursesRat. DateRelevance
21/05/1997
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses
--
1
Maritime and Law of the SeaRat. DateRelevance
10/12/1982
(Montego Bay, Jamaica)
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
30/08/2006
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
07/01/1994
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex III to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
07/01/1994
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex IV to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
07/01/1994
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex V to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
07/01/1994
5
02/12/1972
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC), 1972, as amended
06/09/1976
3
29/12/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
29/01/1976
3
12/02/2004
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ ballast Water and Sediments, 2004
--
1
23/03/2001
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage
--
5
29/11/1969
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage
--
1
03/05/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea
--
5
30/11/1990
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation
--
5
28/04/1989
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Salvage, 1989 (SALVAGE, 1989)
--
1
18/12/1971
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 1)
--
1
18/05/2007
(Nairobi, Kenya)
International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007 (Nairobi Convention 2007)
--
1
29/11/1969
(Bruxelles, Belgium)
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties
--
3
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1976)
--
3
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, 1971 (FUND PROT 1976)
--
3
27/11/1992
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1992 to amend the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1992)
--
3
02/05/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1996 to amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 (LLMC PROT 1996)
--
3
26/09/1997
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1997 to amend the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL PROT 1997) (Annex VI on the prevention of air pollution from ships)
--
5
16/05/2003
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2003 to amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992
--
5
15/03/2000
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol on Prepardeness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances
--
5
02/11/1973
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Pollution by Substances other than Oil
--
3
27/11/1992
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to Amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 2)
--
5
07/11/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
--
3
Protected geographical areas Rat. DateRelevance
01/12/1959
(Washington D.C., USA)
Antarctic Treaty
27/12/2006
3
WasteRat. DateRelevance
22/03/1989
(Basel, Switzerland)
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
10/12/1999
5
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCYWeight: 2/10
Assignment of receivablesRat. DateRelevance
12/12/2001
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on the Assignment of Receivables in International Trade
--
5
Bankruptcy and insolvencyRat. DateRelevance
30/05/1997
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency
--
5
Bills of exchange and promissory notesRat. DateRelevance
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
04/02/1998
1
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Stamp Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
04/02/1998
1
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention Providing a Uniform Law for Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
04/02/1998
3
09/12/1988
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes
--
5
ChequesRat. DateRelevance
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Cheques
--
1
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Stamp Laws in Connection with Cheques
--
1
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention Providing a Uniform Law for Cheques
--
3
Credit transfersRat. DateRelevance
15/05/1992
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Credit Transfers
--
5
Documentary creditRat. DateRelevance
01/07/2007
(Paris, France)
Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (UCP 600)
--
5
16/05/1995
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Collections (URC 522)
--
5
International guaranteesRat. DateRelevance
16/11/2001
(Cape Town, South Africa)
Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment
28/06/2011
3
16/11/2001
(Cape Town, South Africa)
Protocol to the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipmenton Matters specific to Aircraft Equipment
28/06/2011
3
11/12/1995
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on Independant Guarantees and Stand-by Letters of Credits
23/01/2002
5
01/01/1993
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Contract Bonds (URCB 524)
--
3
01/01/1992
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Demand Guarantees (URDG 458)
--
3
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Weight: 8/10
CorruptionRat. DateRelevance
04/11/1999
(Strasbourg, France)
Civil Law Convention on Corruption
15/03/2006
3
31/10/2003
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention against Corruption
17/02/2005
5
01/11/2002
(Kimberley, South Africa)
The Kimberley Process
01/01/2003
3
17/12/1997
(Paris, France)
Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
--
1
Cultural PropertyRat. DateRelevance
16/11/1972
(Paris, France)
Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
12/10/1988
5
14/11/1970
(Paris, France)
Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property
28/04/1988
3
02/11/2001
(Paris)
Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage
--
3
24/06/1995
(Rome, Italy)
UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects
--
5
DrugsRat. DateRelevance
25/03/1972
(New York, USA)
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 (amended by the Protocol of 25 March 1972)
13/09/2001
5
20/12/1988
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
15/10/1990
5
21/02/1971
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Psychotropic Substances
15/12/1978
5
Insider TradingRat. DateRelevance
20/04/1989
(Strasbourg, France)
Convention on Insider Trading
--
1
Organized crimeRat. DateRelevance
31/05/2001
(New York, USA)
Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Amunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
06/10/2004
3
15/11/2000
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
25/06/2003
5
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDSWeight: /10
Human RightsRat. DateRelevance
20/11/1989
(New York)
Convention on the rights of the child (1989)
01/10/1990
5
10/12/1984
(New York)
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
13/03/1987
5
18/12/1979
(New York)
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
04/02/1981
5
16/12/1966
(New York)
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
12/11/1973
5
16/12/1966
(New York)
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
12/11/1973
5
21/12/1965
(New York)
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
08/04/1969
5
09/12/1948
(Paris)
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
05/09/1951
5
Labour StandardsRat. DateRelevance
17/06/1999
(Geneva)
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
08/05/2002
5
26/06/1973
(Geneva)
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
11/06/2001
5
02/08/1951
(Geneva)
Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100)
22/06/1999
5
28/06/1930
(Geneva)
Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
15/12/1983
5
01/07/1949
(Geneva)
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98)
16/05/1968
5
05/07/1958
(Geneva)
Convention concerning Discrimination in respect of employment and occupation, N°111 (1958)
04/08/1961
5
26/06/1957
(Geneva)
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105)
23/01/1961
5
09/07/1948
(San Francisco)
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention, N° 87 (1948)
12/12/1960
5
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATIONWeight: 3/10
Dispute ResolutionRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1923
(Paris, France)
Members to the ICC International Court of Arbitration
--
3
International Trade Law Rat. DateRelevance
01/01/1962
(Rome, Italy)
Codex Alimentarius
01/01/2006
3
17/12/1966
(New York, USA)
Membership of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
01/01/2004
3
01/09/1953
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Statute of the Hague Conference on Private International Law
12/07/2001
3
15/12/1950
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention Establishing a Customs Co-operation Council
16/12/1993
3
22/12/1992
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
22/12/1992
3
22/07/1944
(Bretton Woods, USA)
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) Articles of Agreement
10/07/1992
3
14/07/1967
(Stockholm, Sweden)
Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
26/01/1970
3
12/10/1955
(Paris, France)
International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML)
12/10/1955
3
06/03/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
--
3
15/03/1940
(Rome, Italy)
The International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT) Statute
--
3
Trade support institutionsRat. DateRelevance
23/02/1947
(London, United Kingdom)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
10/05/2016
3
23/03/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Road Transport Union (IRU)
23/03/1948
3
31/05/1926
(Vienna, Austria)
International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA)
31/05/1926
3
01/01/1921
(London, United Kingdom)
International Chamber of Shipping (ICS)
--
3
01/01/1919
(Paris, France)
National Committees of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
--
3
01/01/1913
(Lausanne, Switzerland)
National Member Associations of the International Federation of Consulting Engineer (FIDIC)
--
3
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYWeight: 9/10
BroadcastingRat. DateRelevance
26/10/1961
(Rome, Italy)
International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations
25/02/2003
5
CopyrightRat. DateRelevance
20/12/1996
(Geneva, Switzerland)
WIPO Copyright Treaty
15/07/1998
5
09/09/1886
(Berne, Switzerland)
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
12/09/1997
5
24/07/1971
(Paris, France)
Universal Copyright Convention, revised by the Paris convention on July 24, 1971
--
1
Industrial designsRat. DateRelevance
08/10/1968
(Locarno, Switzerland)
Locarno Agreement Establishing an International Classification for Industrial Designs
24/04/1998
3
06/11/1925
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
The Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs
--
5
Integrated circuitsRat. DateRelevance
26/05/1989
(Washington D.C., USA)
Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of Integrated Circuits
--
1
Neighboring RightsRat. DateRelevance
26/10/1961
(Rome, Italy)
International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations
25/02/2003
5
29/10/1971
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms
17/01/2003
3
20/12/1996
(Geneva, Switzerland)
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
15/07/1998
5
OriginRat. DateRelevance
20/05/2015
(Geneva, Swizertland)
Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications
--
3
31/10/1958
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration
--
3
14/04/1891
(Madrid, Spain)
Madrid Agreement for Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods
--
3
PatentsRat. DateRelevance
28/04/1977
(Budapest, Hungary)
Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure
19/07/2001
5
21/05/1974
(Strasbourg, France)
Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification
12/03/1998
3
02/03/1883
(Paris, France)
Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
25/12/1991
5
19/06/1970
(Washington D.C., USA)
Patent Cooperation Treaty (with regulations)
25/12/1991
5
01/01/2000
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Patent Law Treaty
--
3
TrademarksRat. DateRelevance
28/03/2006
(Singapore, Singapore)
Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks
13/02/2014
5
28/06/1989
(Madrid, Spain)
Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
18/10/2001
5
15/06/1957
(Nice, France)
Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks
12/03/1998
3
14/04/1891
(Madrid, Spain)
Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
25/12/1991
3
12/06/1973
(Vienna, Austria)
Agreement Establishing an International Classification of the Figurative Elements of Marks
--
1
27/10/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Trademark Law Treaty
--
5
Varieties of plantsRat. DateRelevance
02/12/1961
(Paris, France)
International convention for the protection of new varieties of plants. Convention UPOV (1961), amended in Geneva (1972, 1978 and 1991)
05/01/2003
5
 
INVESTMENTSWeight: 2/10
Guides, guidelines and practicesRat. DateRelevance
21/09/1992
(Washington D.C., USA)
Guidelines on the Treatment of Foreign Direct Investment
--
3
Investment disputesRat. DateRelevance
18/03/1965
(Washington D.C., USA)
Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Between States and Nationals of Other States
10/07/1992
5
06/12/2013
(New York)
UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
3
10/12/2014
(Port Louis, Mauritius)
United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
5
Investment guarantyRat. DateRelevance
11/10/1985
(Seoul, South Korea)
Convention Establishing the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
17/09/1992
5
TaxRat. DateRelevance
01/01/2000
(New York, USA)
Revised United Nations Model Taxation Convention between Developed and Developing Countries
--
5
 
PRODUCTSWeight: 5/10
FoodRat. DateRelevance
01/06/1951
(Stressa, Italy)
International Convention on the use of appellations of orign and denominations of cheeses (Convention of Stresa)
--
0
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1951
(Rome, Italy)
International Plant Protection Convention
21/02/2005
5
17/06/2003
()
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
--
5
Marine ResourcesRat. DateRelevance
14/05/1966
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
--
3
TimberRat. DateRelevance
26/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Tropical Timber Agreement
--
5
 
TAXWeight: 0/10
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
14/12/1956
(Geneva)
Convention on the Taxation of Road Vehicles Engaged in International Goods Transport
--
3
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONSWeight: 9/10
Air transportRat. DateRelevance
01/03/1991
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection
06/02/2002
3
28/09/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Protocol to amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air
17/01/1971
3
12/10/1929
(Warsaw, Poland)
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air
26/09/1959
5
25/09/1975
(Montreal)
Additional Protocol No 2 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
1
25/09/1975
(Montreal)
Additional Protocol No 3 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
1
25/09/1975
(Montreal, Canada)
Additional Protocol No 4 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
3
28/05/1999
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air
--
5
10/09/2010
(Beijing)
Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation
--
1
10/09/2010
(Beijing)
Protocol Supplementary to the Convention for the suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
--
1
Aircrafts and civil aviation Rat. DateRelevance
10/05/1984
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 3bis)
24/07/1996
1
14/06/1954
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 45)
24/07/1996
1
15/09/1962
(Rome)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a))
24/07/1996
1
21/06/1961
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 50 a))
24/07/1996
1
06/10/1989
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 56)
24/07/1996
1
27/05/1947
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 93bis)
24/07/1996
1
14/06/1954
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to Certain Amendments to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a), 49 e) and 61)
24/07/1993
1
24/09/1968
(Buenos Aires)
Protocol on the authentic trilingual text of the Convention on international civil aviation
04/07/1993
1
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
Convention on International Civil Aviation
04/06/1993
5
23/09/1971
(Montreal)
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airport Serving International Civil Aviation, Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation
01/05/1989
1
14/09/1963
(Tokyo, Japan)
Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft
03/02/1988
3
18/09/1961
(Guadalajara)
Convention, Supplementary to the Warsaw Convention, for the Unification of Certains Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air Performed by a Person Other than the Contracting Carrier
17/10/1983
1
23/09/1971
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation
31/01/1973
3
16/12/1970
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
30/12/1971
3
02/05/2009
(Montreal)
Convention on Compensation for Damage to Third Parties, Resulting from Acts of Unlawful Interference Involving Aircraft
--
1
07/10/1952
(Rome, Italy)
Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface
--
1
19/06/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the International Recognition of Rights in Aircraft
--
3
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
International Air Services Transit Agreement
--
5
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
International Air Transport Agreement
--
1
29/09/1995
(Montreal)
Protocol on the Authentic Quinquelingual Text of the Convention on International Civil Aviation
--
1
29/09/1995
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (final clause)
--
1
23/09/1978
(Montreal)
Protocol to Amend the Convention on Damage by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface
--
1
Maritime shipping and load lines Rat. DateRelevance
20/10/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG)
07/01/1994
5
01/11/1974
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) 1974
07/01/1994
5
05/04/1966
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Load Lines
07/01/1994
5
07/07/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
13/10/1993
5
09/04/1965
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL)
--
3
17/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims
--
3
06/05/1993
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages
--
1
27/04/1979
(Hamburg, Germany)
International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR)
--
1
05/10/2001
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships
--
1
23/06/1969
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Tonnage Measurements of Ships, 1969 (TONNAGE 1969)
--
1
11/11/1988
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1988 Relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974
--
3
11/11/1988
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1988 relating to the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966 (LLPROT 1988)
--
1
07/02/1986
(Geneva, Switzerland)
United Nations Convention on Conditions for Registration of Ships
--
1
Maritime transportRat. DateRelevance
10/03/1988
(Rome, Italy)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, 1988 (SUA 1988)
04/12/2002
1
10/03/1988
(Rome, Italy)
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf, 1988
04/12/2002
1
13/12/1974
(Athens, Greece)
Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea
--
3
25/08/1924
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading [Hague Rules]
--
3
21/12/1979
(Brussels)
Protocol (SDR Protocol) amending the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading of 25 August 1924 (The Hague Rules), as amended by the Protocol of 23 February 1968 (Visby Rules)
--
1
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 as amended. (SOLAS PROT)
--
3
29/03/1990
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1990 to amend the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
01/11/2002
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2002 to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
14/10/2005
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2005 to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation
--
1
14/10/2005
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2005 to the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf.
--
1
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
11/12/2008
(Rotterdam)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea
--
5
31/03/1978
(Hamburg, Germany)
United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea
--
3
Multi modal transport Rat. DateRelevance
24/05/1980
(Geneva, Switzerland)
United Nations Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods
--
1
19/04/1991
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention on the Liability of Operators of Transport Terminals in International Trade
--
1
Rail transportRat. DateRelevance
09/05/1980
(Berne, Switzerland)
Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
--
5
10/01/1952
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention to Facilitate the Crossing of Frontiers for Goods carried by Rail
--
3
20/12/1990
(Berne, Switzerland)
Protocol amending the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
--
3
03/06/1999
(Vilnius, Lithuania)
Protocol of 3 June 1999 for the Modification of the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF) of 9 May 1980
--
3
Road transportRat. DateRelevance
05/07/1978
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Protocol to the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
29/07/2008
3
19/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
05/04/1993
5
08/11/1968
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Road Signs and Signals
18/06/1974
5
08/11/1968
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Road Traffic
18/06/1974
5
14/12/1956
(Geneva)
Convention on the Taxation of Road Vehicles Engaged in International Goods Transport
--
3
SpaceRat. DateRelevance
12/11/1974
(New York, USA)
Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space
26/01/1978
1
29/03/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects
27/12/1973
1
27/01/1967
(London, United Kingdom)
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
31/10/1967
3
05/12/1979
(New York, USA)
Agreement governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
--
1
22/04/1968
(London, Washington, Moscow)
Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects launched into outer Space
--
0
TelecommunicationsRat. DateRelevance
03/09/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the International Mobile Satellite Organization (Inmarsat), As Amended
29/03/1979
5
21/05/1974
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention relating to the Distribution of Programme-Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite
--
1
 
TREATIES LAWWeight: 2/10
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
21/03/1986
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations
30/12/1999
3
23/05/1969
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
01/05/1986
5
08/04/1983
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of State Property, Archives and Debts
--
1
23/08/1978
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties
--
3
 
WTOWeight: 10/10
Plurilateral AgreementsRat. DateRelevance
15/04/1994
(Marrakech, Morocco)
Government Procurement Agreement (GPA)
--
3
12/04/1979
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Plurilateral Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft
--
3
WTO AgreementsRat. DateRelevance
27/11/2014
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Agreement onTrade Facilitation (TFA) of the World Trade Organization (WTO)
--
5
15/04/1994
(Marrakech, Marocco)
WTO Agreements
--
5
 
Historical Data

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