Bulgaria

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

Bulgaria ( (listen); Bulgarian: България, romanized: Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in Southeast Europe. It is situated on the eastern flank of the Balkans, and is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. Bulgaria covers a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), and is the sixteenth-largest country in Europe. Sofia is the nation's capital and largest city; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas.
One of the earliest societies in the lands of modern-day Bulgaria was the Neolithic Karanovo culture, which dates back to 6,500 BC. In the 6th to 3rd century BC the region was a battleground for ancient Thracians, Persians, Celts and Macedonians; stability came when the Roman Empire conquered the region in AD 45. After the Roman state splintered, tribal invasions in the region resumed. Around the 6th century, these territories were settled by the early Slavs. The Bulgars led by Asparuh of Bulgaria attacked from the lands of (Old Great) Bulgaria and permanently invaded the Balkans in the late 7th century. They established (Danubian) Bulgaria, victoriously recognised by treaty in AD 681 by the Eastern Roman Empire. It dominated most of the Balkans and significantly influenced Slavic cultures by developing the Cyrillic script. The First Bulgarian Empire lasted until the early 11th century, when Byzantine emperor Basil II conquered and dismantled it. A successful Bulgarian revolt in 1185 established a Second Bulgarian Empire, which reached its apex under Ivan Asen II (1218–1241). After numerous exhausting wars and feudal strife, the empire disintegrated in 1396 and fell under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries.
The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 resulted in the formation of the third and current Bulgarian state. Many ethnic Bulgarians were left outside the new nation's borders, which stoked irredentist sentiments that led to several conflicts with its neighbours and alliances with Germany in both world wars. In 1946, Bulgaria came under the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc and became a socialist state. The ruling Communist Party gave up its monopoly on power after the revolutions of 1989 and allowed multiparty elections. Bulgaria then transitioned into a democracy and a market-based economy. Since adopting a democratic constitution in 1991, Bulgaria has been a unitary parliamentary republic composed of 28 provinces, with a high degree of political, administrative, and economic centralisation.
Bulgaria is a developing country, with an upper-middle-income economy, ranking 56th in the Human Development Index. Its market economy is part of the European Single Market and is largely based on services, followed by industry—especially machine building and mining—and agriculture. Widespread corruption is a major socioeconomic issue; Bulgaria ranked as the most corrupt country in the European Union in 2018. The country also faces a demographic crisis, with its population shrinking annually since around 1990; it currently numbers roughly seven million, down from a peak of nearly nine million in 1988. Bulgaria is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the Council of Europe; it is also a founding member of the OSCE, and has taken a seat on the United Nations Security Council three times.


Summary
Instruments ratified: 174 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 61.07%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 67.14%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 20 / 194
Eastern Europe rank: 3 / 10
Eastern Europe Avg. Ratifications: 160 / 282
Europe Union rank: 18 / 28
Europe Union Avg. Ratifications: 180 / 282
Transition economy rank: 4 / 28
Transition economy Avg. Ratifications: 141 / 282
Comparative Statistical Analysis
CONTRACTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Agency0/20.00%2.00%8Weak
Conflict of laws0/70.00%3.00%27Weak
E-commerce0/30.00%18.00%70Weak
Franchising0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Leasing/Factoring0/20.00%5.00%13Weak
Principles, trade usages and standards0/20.00%0.00%1Average
Procurement0/40.00%3.00%31Weak
Sale of Goods1/5 (20.00%)45.45%25.00%29Strong
Travel contracts0/10.00%3.00%7Weak
Total17.25%9.00%94Weak
 
CUSTOMSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Customs Codification2/3 (66.67%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Customs Cooperation2/6 (33.33%)40.00%26.00%48Strong
Exemption from Duties5/9 (55.56%)62.96%30.00%37Strong
Temporary Admission7/11 (63.64%)73.53%28.00%24Strong
Transit2/4 (50.00%)72.73%28.00%17Strong
Total1866.30%31.00%30Strong
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTIONInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Arbitration2/6 (33.33%)50.00%32.00%29Strong
Judicial cooperation4/5 (80.00%)94.74%36.00%23Strong
Recognition of foreign judgments0/20.00%2.00%6Weak
State court jurisdiction1/4 (25.00%)100.00%14.00%1Strong
State court procedure1/1 (100.00%)100.00%6.00%1Strong
State immunities 0/10.00%11.00%22Weak
Total868.00%29.00%10Strong
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air4/5 (80.00%)80.00%86.00%59Weak
Chemicals1/1 (100.00%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Energy2/2 (100.00%)100.00%25.00%1Strong
Flora and fauna8/10 (80.00%)82.61%68.00%29Strong
Foodstuff2/2 (100.00%)100.00%79.00%1Strong
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
International watercourses0/10.00%18.00%36Weak
Maritime and Law of the Sea18/26 (69.23%)73.91%46.00%32Strong
Protected geographical areas 1/1 (100.00%)100.00%27.00%1Strong
Waste1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total3880.21%61.00%23Strong
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCYInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Assignment of receivables0/10.00%1.00%2Weak
Bankruptcy and insolvency0/10.00%21.00%41Weak
Bills of exchange and promissory notes0/40.00%8.00%43Weak
Cheques0/30.00%13.00%36Weak
Credit transfers0/10.00%0.00%1Average
International guarantees0/30.00%20.00%75Weak
Total00.00%12.00%117Weak
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Corruption3/4 (75.00%)75.00%50.00%6Strong
Cultural Property3/4 (75.00%)68.75%54.00%38Strong
Drugs3/3 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Insider Trading0/10.00%4.00%9Weak
Organized crime2/2 (100.00%)100.00%80.00%1Strong
Total1182.69%68.00%30Strong
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Human Rights7/7 (100.00%)100.00%96.00%1Weak
Labour Standards8/8 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Total15100.00%91.00%1Average
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATIONInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Dispute Resolution1/1 (100.00%)100.00%39.00%1Strong
International Trade Law 10/10 (100.00%)100.00%73.00%1Strong
Trade support institutions6/6 (100.00%)100.00%51.00%1Strong
Total17100.00%63.00%1Strong
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Broadcasting1/1 (100.00%)100.00%47.00%1Strong
Copyright3/3 (100.00%)100.00%65.00%1Strong
Industrial designs2/2 (100.00%)100.00%31.00%1Strong
Integrated circuits0/10.00%2.00%4Weak
Neighboring Rights3/3 (100.00%)100.00%46.00%1Strong
Origin2/3 (66.67%)66.67%14.00%7Strong
Patents4/5 (80.00%)85.71%57.00%30Strong
Trademarks5/6 (83.33%)77.27%33.00%29Strong
Varieties of plants1/1 (100.00%)100.00%37.00%1Strong
Total2187.37%42.00%18Strong
 
INVESTMENTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Investment disputes1/2 (50.00%)50.00%39.00%2Strong
Investment guaranty1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total266.67%57.00%2Strong
 
PRODUCTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Marine Resources0/10.00%24.00%48Weak
Timber0/10.00%31.00%61Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%92.00%1Weak
Total138.46%53.00%85Weak
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air transport4/7 (57.14%)76.19%59.00%54Strong
Aircrafts and civil aviation 5/9 (55.56%)76.00%74.00%80Weak
Maritime shipping and load lines 12/13 (92.31%)97.14%66.00%1Strong
Maritime transport6/12 (50.00%)33.33%27.00%55Strong
Multi modal transport 0/20.00%4.00%15Weak
Rail transport3/3 (100.00%)100.00%22.00%1Strong
Road transport3/4 (75.00%)83.33%31.00%35Strong
Space3/4 (75.00%)83.33%40.00%16Strong
Telecommunications1/2 (50.00%)83.33%47.00%26Strong
Total3776.35%50.00%18Strong
 
TREATIES LAWInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
General2/4 (50.00%)66.67%30.00%11Strong
Total266.67%30.00%11Strong
 
WTOInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Plurilateral Agreements2/2 (100.00%)100.00%18.00%1Strong
WTO Agreements1/1 (100.00%)100.00%81.00%1Strong
Total3100.00%47.00%1Strong
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
ContractsSale of Goods
CustomsCustoms Codification
CustomsCustoms Cooperation
CustomsExemption from Duties
CustomsTemporary Admission
CustomsTransit
Dispute resolutionArbitration
Dispute resolutionJudicial cooperation
Dispute resolutionState court jurisdiction
Dispute resolutionState court procedure
Environment and productsChemicals
Environment and productsEnergy
Environment and productsFlora and fauna
Environment and productsFoodstuff
Environment and productsMaritime and Law of the Sea
Environment and productsProtected geographical areas
Good Governance Corruption
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour StandardsLabour Standards
Institutional ParticipationDispute Resolution
Institutional ParticipationInternational Trade Law
Institutional ParticipationTrade support institutions
Intellectual propertyBroadcasting
Intellectual propertyCopyright
Intellectual propertyIndustrial designs
Intellectual propertyNeighboring Rights
Intellectual propertyOrigin
Intellectual propertyPatents
Intellectual propertyTrademarks
Intellectual propertyVarieties of plants
InvestmentsInvestment disputes
Transport and telecommunicationsAir transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRail transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRoad transport
Transport and telecommunicationsSpace
Transport and telecommunicationsTelecommunications
Treaties lawGeneral
WTOPlurilateral Agreements
WTOWTO Agreements
 
Average
ContractsFranchising
ContractsPrinciples, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvencyCredit transfers
 
Weak
ContractsAgency
ContractsConflict of laws
ContractsE-commerce
ContractsLeasing/Factoring
ContractsProcurement
ContractsTravel contracts
Dispute resolutionRecognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolutionState immunities
Environment and productsAir
Environment and productsGeneral
Environment and productsInternational watercourses
Environment and productsWaste
Finance, payments and insolvencyAssignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvencyBankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvencyBills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvencyCheques
Finance, payments and insolvencyInternational guarantees
Good Governance Drugs
Good Governance Insider Trading
Human Rights and Labour StandardsHuman rights
Intellectual propertyIntegrated circuits
InvestmentsInvestment guaranty
ProductsGeneral
ProductsMarine Resources
ProductsTimber
Transport and telecommunicationsAircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunicationsMulti modal transport
Instruments ratifications
CONTRACTSWeight: 9/10
AgencyRat. DateRelevance
14/03/1978
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 14 March 1978 on the Law Applicable to Agency
--
1
15/02/1983
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods
--
1
Conflict of lawsRat. DateRelevance
01/07/1985
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 July 1985 on the Law Applicable to Trusts and on their Recognition
--
1
01/06/1956
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 June 1956 concerning the recognition of the legal personality of foreign companies, associations and institutions
--
0
15/04/1958
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 April 1958 on the law governing transfer of title in international sales of goods
--
0
15/06/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 June 1955 on the law applicable to international sales of goods
--
1
02/10/1973
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 2 October 1973 on the Law Applicable to Products Liability
--
1
22/12/1986
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 22 December 1986 on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
1
05/07/2006
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 5 July 2006 on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in respect of Securities held with an Intermediary
--
3
E-commerceRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1996
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce
--
5
05/07/2001
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures
--
5
23/11/2005
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts
--
5
FranchisingRat. DateRelevance
01/08/1998
(Rome, Italy)
Guide to International Master Franchise Arrangements
--
3
01/09/2002
(Rome, Italy)
Model Franchise Disclosure Law
--
3
Leasing/FactoringRat. DateRelevance
28/05/1988
(Ottawa, Canada)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Factoring
--
3
28/05/1988
(Ottawa, Canada)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing
--
3
Principles, trade usages and standardsRat. DateRelevance
01/05/2000
(Paris, France)
Abbreviations of Incoterms / Alphabetic Code for Incoterms 2000
--
5
21/04/2004
(Rome, Italy)
UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts
--
5
ProcurementRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1999
(Washington D.C., USA)
Guidelines Procurement under IBRD Loans and IDA Credits
--
5
09/12/2003
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects
--
3
09/12/1993
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods and Construction
--
3
09/12/1994
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Procurement of Goods, Construction and Services, with Guide to Enactment
--
3
Sale of GoodsRat. DateRelevance
11/04/1980
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
09/07/1990
5
14/06/1974
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods
--
1
01/07/1964
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention Relating to a Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
--
1
01/07/1964
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention Relating to a Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods
--
1
11/04/1980
(Vienna, Austria)
Protocol amending the Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods
--
3
31/01/1988
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Legal Guide on Drawing Up International Contracts for the Construction of Industrial Works
--
3
Travel contractsRat. DateRelevance
23/04/1970
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Travel Contracts
--
1
 
CUSTOMSWeight: 9/10
Customs CodificationRat. DateRelevance
14/06/1983
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
30/10/1990
5
24/06/1986
(Brussels, Belgium)
Protocol of Amendment to the International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
30/10/1990
0
01/07/1955
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention on Nomenclature for the Classification of Goods in Customs Tariffs
--
0
Customs CooperationRat. DateRelevance
26/06/1999
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of Customs procedures (Kyoto Convention)
17/03/2004
5
21/10/1982
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods
27/02/1998
1
15/12/1950
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes
--
0
09/06/1977
(Nairobi, Kenya)
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance for the Prevention, Investigation and Repression of Customs Offences
--
3
27/06/2003
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters
--
3
18/05/1973
(Kyoto, Japan)
International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures
--
3
Exemption from DutiesRat. DateRelevance
17/06/1950
(Florence, Italy)
Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials
14/03/1997
3
26/11/1976
(Nairobi, Kenya)
Protocol to the Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials
14/03/1997
3
02/12/1972
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on Containers
22/02/1977
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Additional Protocol to the Convention concerning Customs Facilities for Touring, relating to the Importation of Tourist Publicity Documents and Material
07/10/1959
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Convention concerning Customs Facilities for Touring
07/10/1959
5
10/12/1948
(Beirout, Lebanon)
Agreement for Facilitating the International Circulation of Visual and Auditory Materials of an Educational, Scientific and Cultural Character
--
3
21/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on Customs Treatment of Pool Containers used in International Transport
--
3
01/12/1964
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention Concerning Welfare Materials for Seafarers
--
1
07/11/1952
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention to Facilitate the Importation of Commercial Samples and Advertising Materials
--
3
Temporary AdmissionRat. DateRelevance
26/06/1990
(Istanbul, Turkey)
Convention on Temporary Admission
11/03/2003
5
06/10/1960
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Packings
05/08/1969
3
08/06/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention Concerning Facilities for the Importation of Goods for Display or Use at Exhibitions, Fairs, Meetings or Similar Events
31/07/1964
3
06/12/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the A.T.A. Carnet for the Temporary Admission of Goods
31/07/1964
3
08/06/1961
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Professional Equipment
31/07/1964
3
18/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Commercial Road Vehicles
07/10/1959
3
04/06/1954
(New York, USA)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Private Road Vehicles
07/10/1959
5
01/03/1956
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on ECS Carnets for Commercial Samples
--
0
18/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation for Private Use of Aircraft and Pleasure Boats
--
3
08/06/1970
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Pedagogic Material
--
3
11/06/1968
(Brussels, Belgium)
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Scientific Equipment
--
3
TransitRat. DateRelevance
14/11/1975
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets
20/10/1977
3
20/04/1921
(Barcelona, Spain)
Convention and Statute on Freedom of Transit
11/07/1922
5
08/07/1965
(New York, USA)
Convention on Transit Trade of Land-Locked States
--
3
07/06/1971
(Vienna, Austria)
Customs Convention on the International Transit of Goods (ITI)
--
0
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTIONWeight: 9/10
ArbitrationRat. DateRelevance
21/06/1985
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985), with amendments as adopted in 2006
30/11/2002
5
10/06/1958
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards
10/10/1961
5
26/09/1927
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards
--
1
24/09/1923
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Protocol on Arbitration Clauses
--
1
28/04/1976
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules
--
3
23/07/1980
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules
--
3
19/11/2002
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation
--
3
28/06/1996
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Notes on Organizing Arbitral Proceedings
--
1
06/12/2013
(New York)
UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
3
10/12/2014
(Port Louis, Mauritius)
United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
5
Judicial cooperationRat. DateRelevance
05/10/1961
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents
01/08/2000
5
15/11/1965
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 November 1965 on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters
23/11/1999
5
18/03/1970
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 18 March 1970 on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters
23/11/1999
5
25/10/1980
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 25 October 1980 on International Access to Justice
23/11/1999
3
01/03/1954
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 March 1954 on civil procedure
--
1
Recognition of foreign judgmentsRat. DateRelevance
01/02/1971
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 1 February 1971 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters
--
1
01/02/1971
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Supplementary Protocol of 1 February 1971 to the Hague Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters
--
1
State court jurisdictionRat. DateRelevance
30/06/2005
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 30 June 2005 on the Choice of Court Agreements
01/10/2015
5
15/04/1958
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 April 1958 on the jurisdiction of the selected forum in the case of international sales of goods
--
0
15/06/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 15 June 1955 relating to the settlement of the conflicts between the law of nationality and the law of domicile
--
0
25/11/1965
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention of 25 November 1965 on the Choice of Court
--
0
State court procedureRat. DateRelevance
12/03/1999
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on Arrest of Ships
21/02/2001
1
10/05/1952
(Bruxelles, Belgium)
International convention for the unification of certain rules relating to the arrest of seagoing ships
--
1
State immunities Rat. DateRelevance
02/12/2004
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property
--
3
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTSWeight: 9/10
AirRat. DateRelevance
11/12/1997
(Kyoto, Japan)
Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
15/08/2002
5
09/05/1992
(New York, USA)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
12/05/1995
5
22/03/1985
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
20/11/1990
5
16/09/1987
(Montreal, Canada)
Protocol to the 1985 Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
20/11/1990
5
12/12/2015
(Paris, France)
The Paris Agreement
--
5
ChemicalsRat. DateRelevance
11/09/1998
(Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade
25/07/2000
5
EnergyRat. DateRelevance
17/12/1994
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Energy Charter Treaty
15/11/1996
1
17/12/1994
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Protocol on Energy efficiency and Related Environmental Aspects
15/11/1996
1
Flora and faunaRat. DateRelevance
04/12/1995
(New York, USA)
United Nations Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks
13/12/2006
5
03/11/2001
(Rome, Italy)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
29/12/2004
5
14/10/1994
(Paris, France)
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
21/02/2001
5
29/01/2000
(Montreal, Canada)
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity
13/10/2000
5
05/06/1992
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Convention on Biological Diversity
17/04/1996
5
20/05/1980
(Canberra, Australia)
Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine and Living Resources
01/09/1992
3
06/12/1951
(Rome, Italy)
International Plant Protection Convention
08/11/1991
5
03/03/1973
(Washington D.C., USA)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
16/01/1991
5
14/05/1966
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
--
3
26/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Tropical Timber Agreement
--
5
FoodstuffRat. DateRelevance
03/11/2001
(Rome, Italy)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
29/12/2004
5
01/01/1962
(Rome, Italy)
Codex Alimentarius
01/01/1969
3
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
22/05/2001
(Stockholm)
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
02/08/2005
5
International watercoursesRat. DateRelevance
21/05/1997
(New York, USA)
Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses
--
1
Maritime and Law of the SeaRat. DateRelevance
18/05/2007
(Nairobi, Kenya)
International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007 (Nairobi Convention 2007)
08/02/2012
1
23/03/2001
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage
06/07/2007
5
02/11/1973
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Pollution by Substances other than Oil
21/11/2006
3
29/12/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
25/01/2006
3
07/11/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
25/01/2006
3
27/11/1992
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to Amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 2)
18/11/2005
5
02/05/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1996 to amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 (LLMC PROT 1996)
04/07/2005
3
28/04/1989
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Salvage, 1989 (SALVAGE, 1989)
14/03/2005
1
26/09/1997
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1997 to amend the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL PROT 1997) (Annex VI on the prevention of air pollution from ships)
03/12/2004
5
27/11/1992
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1992 to amend the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1992)
28/11/2003
3
30/11/1990
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation
05/04/2001
5
10/12/1982
(Montego Bay, Jamaica)
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
15/05/1996
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex III to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
13/05/1993
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex IV to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
13/05/1993
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Optional Annex V to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
13/05/1993
5
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
12/12/1984
5
29/11/1969
(Bruxelles, Belgium)
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties
02/11/1983
3
02/12/1972
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC), 1972, as amended
17/11/1976
3
12/02/2004
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ ballast Water and Sediments, 2004
--
1
29/11/1969
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage
--
1
03/05/1996
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea
--
5
18/12/1971
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 1)
--
1
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1976)
--
3
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1976 to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, 1971 (FUND PROT 1976)
--
3
16/05/2003
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2003 to amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992
--
5
15/03/2000
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol on Prepardeness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances
--
5
Protected geographical areas Rat. DateRelevance
01/12/1959
(Washington D.C., USA)
Antarctic Treaty
11/09/1978
3
WasteRat. DateRelevance
22/03/1989
(Basel, Switzerland)
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
16/02/1996
5
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCYWeight: 2/10
Assignment of receivablesRat. DateRelevance
12/12/2001
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on the Assignment of Receivables in International Trade
--
5
Bankruptcy and insolvencyRat. DateRelevance
30/05/1997
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency
--
5
Bills of exchange and promissory notesRat. DateRelevance
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
--
1
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Stamp Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
--
1
07/06/1930
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention Providing a Uniform Law for Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes
--
3
09/12/1988
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes
--
5
ChequesRat. DateRelevance
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Cheques
--
1
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Stamp Laws in Connection with Cheques
--
1
19/03/1931
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention Providing a Uniform Law for Cheques
--
3
Credit transfersRat. DateRelevance
15/05/1992
(New York, USA)
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Credit Transfers
--
5
Documentary creditRat. DateRelevance
01/07/2007
(Paris, France)
Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits (UCP 600)
--
5
16/05/1995
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Collections (URC 522)
--
5
International guaranteesRat. DateRelevance
16/11/2001
(Cape Town, South Africa)
Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment
--
3
16/11/2001
(Cape Town, South Africa)
Protocol to the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipmenton Matters specific to Aircraft Equipment
--
3
01/01/1993
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Contract Bonds (URCB 524)
--
3
01/01/1992
(Paris, France)
Uniform Rules for Demand Guarantees (URDG 458)
--
3
11/12/1995
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention on Independant Guarantees and Stand-by Letters of Credits
--
5
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Weight: 8/10
CorruptionRat. DateRelevance
31/10/2003
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention against Corruption
20/09/2006
5
04/11/1999
(Strasbourg, France)
Civil Law Convention on Corruption
08/06/2000
3
17/12/1997
(Paris, France)
Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
22/12/1998
1
01/11/2002
(Kimberley, South Africa)
The Kimberley Process
--
3
Cultural PropertyRat. DateRelevance
02/11/2001
(Paris)
Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage
06/10/2003
3
16/11/1972
(Paris, France)
Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
07/03/1974
5
14/11/1970
(Paris, France)
Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property
15/09/1971
3
24/06/1995
(Rome, Italy)
UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects
--
5
DrugsRat. DateRelevance
25/03/1972
(New York, USA)
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 (amended by the Protocol of 25 March 1972)
18/09/1996
5
20/12/1988
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
24/09/1992
5
21/02/1971
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Psychotropic Substances
18/05/1972
5
Insider TradingRat. DateRelevance
20/04/1989
(Strasbourg, France)
Convention on Insider Trading
--
1
Organized crimeRat. DateRelevance
31/05/2001
(New York, USA)
Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Amunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
06/08/2002
3
15/11/2000
(New York, USA)
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
05/12/2001
5
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDSWeight: /10
Human RightsRat. DateRelevance
20/11/1989
(New York)
Convention on the rights of the child (1989)
03/06/1991
5
10/12/1984
(New York)
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
16/12/1986
5
18/12/1979
(New York)
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
08/02/1982
5
16/12/1966
(New York)
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
21/09/1970
5
16/12/1966
(New York)
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
21/09/1970
5
21/12/1965
(New York)
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
08/08/1966
5
09/12/1948
(Paris)
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
03/09/1952
5
Labour StandardsRat. DateRelevance
17/06/1999
(Geneva)
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)
11/06/2002
5
02/08/1951
(Geneva)
Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100)
23/08/1999
5
26/06/1973
(Geneva)
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138)
23/08/1999
5
26/06/1957
(Geneva)
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105)
03/04/1979
5
09/07/1948
(San Francisco)
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention, N° 87 (1948)
23/03/1972
5
28/06/1930
(Geneva)
Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
24/02/1969
5
01/07/1949
(Geneva)
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 (No. 98)
03/09/1962
5
05/07/1958
(Geneva)
Convention concerning Discrimination in respect of employment and occupation, N°111 (1958)
22/07/1960
5
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATIONWeight: 3/10
Dispute ResolutionRat. DateRelevance
01/01/1923
(Paris, France)
Members to the ICC International Court of Arbitration
01/01/1923
3
International Trade Law Rat. DateRelevance
01/09/1953
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Statute of the Hague Conference on Private International Law
22/04/1999
3
22/12/1992
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
22/12/1992
3
22/07/1944
(Bretton Woods, USA)
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) Articles of Agreement
25/09/1990
3
17/12/1966
(New York, USA)
Membership of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
01/01/1974
3
15/12/1950
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention Establishing a Customs Co-operation Council
01/08/1973
3
14/07/1967
(Stockholm, Sweden)
Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
19/02/1970
3
01/01/1962
(Rome, Italy)
Codex Alimentarius
01/01/1969
3
06/03/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
05/04/1960
3
12/10/1955
(Paris, France)
International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML)
12/10/1955
3
15/03/1940
(Rome, Italy)
The International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT) Statute
22/06/1940
3
Trade support institutionsRat. DateRelevance
23/02/1947
(London, United Kingdom)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
10/05/2016
3
23/03/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Road Transport Union (IRU)
23/03/1948
3
31/05/1926
(Vienna, Austria)
International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA)
31/05/1926
3
01/01/1921
(London, United Kingdom)
International Chamber of Shipping (ICS)
01/01/1921
3
01/01/1919
(Paris, France)
National Committees of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
01/01/1919
3
01/01/1913
(Lausanne, Switzerland)
National Member Associations of the International Federation of Consulting Engineer (FIDIC)
01/01/1913
3
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYWeight: 9/10
BroadcastingRat. DateRelevance
26/10/1961
(Rome, Italy)
International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations
31/05/1995
5
CopyrightRat. DateRelevance
20/12/1996
(Geneva, Switzerland)
WIPO Copyright Treaty
29/03/2001
5
24/07/1971
(Paris, France)
Universal Copyright Convention, revised by the Paris convention on July 24, 1971
07/03/1975
1
09/09/1886
(Berne, Switzerland)
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
05/12/1921
5
Industrial designsRat. DateRelevance
08/10/1968
(Locarno, Switzerland)
Locarno Agreement Establishing an International Classification for Industrial Designs
27/11/2000
3
06/11/1925
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
The Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs
11/11/1996
5
Integrated circuitsRat. DateRelevance
26/05/1989
(Washington D.C., USA)
Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of Integrated Circuits
--
1
Neighboring RightsRat. DateRelevance
20/12/1996
(Geneva, Switzerland)
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
29/03/2001
5
29/10/1971
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms
31/05/1995
3
26/10/1961
(Rome, Italy)
International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations
31/05/1995
5
OriginRat. DateRelevance
31/10/1958
(Lisbon, Portugal)
Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration
29/04/1975
3
14/04/1891
(Madrid, Spain)
Madrid Agreement for Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods
29/04/1975
3
20/05/2015
(Geneva, Swizertland)
Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications
--
3
PatentsRat. DateRelevance
21/05/1974
(Strasbourg, France)
Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification
27/11/2000
3
19/06/1970
(Washington D.C., USA)
Patent Cooperation Treaty (with regulations)
21/02/1984
5
28/04/1977
(Budapest, Hungary)
Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure
19/07/1978
5
02/03/1883
(Paris, France)
Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
13/06/1921
5
01/01/2000
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Patent Law Treaty
--
3
TrademarksRat. DateRelevance
28/03/2006
(Singapore, Singapore)
Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks
21/01/2008
5
28/06/1989
(Madrid, Spain)
Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
02/07/2001
5
15/06/1957
(Nice, France)
Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks
27/11/2000
3
12/06/1973
(Vienna, Austria)
Agreement Establishing an International Classification of the Figurative Elements of Marks
27/11/2000
1
14/04/1891
(Madrid, Spain)
Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
25/04/1985
3
27/10/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Trademark Law Treaty
--
5
Varieties of plantsRat. DateRelevance
02/12/1961
(Paris, France)
International convention for the protection of new varieties of plants. Convention UPOV (1961), amended in Geneva (1972, 1978 and 1991)
24/04/1998
5
 
INVESTMENTSWeight: 2/10
Guides, guidelines and practicesRat. DateRelevance
21/09/1992
(Washington D.C., USA)
Guidelines on the Treatment of Foreign Direct Investment
--
3
Investment disputesRat. DateRelevance
18/03/1965
(Washington D.C., USA)
Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Between States and Nationals of Other States
13/04/2001
5
06/12/2013
(New York)
UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
3
10/12/2014
(Port Louis, Mauritius)
United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration
--
5
Investment guarantyRat. DateRelevance
11/10/1985
(Seoul, South Korea)
Convention Establishing the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
27/07/1992
5
TaxRat. DateRelevance
01/01/2000
(New York, USA)
Revised United Nations Model Taxation Convention between Developed and Developing Countries
--
5
 
PRODUCTSWeight: 5/10
FoodRat. DateRelevance
01/06/1951
(Stressa, Italy)
International Convention on the use of appellations of orign and denominations of cheeses (Convention of Stresa)
--
0
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
06/12/1951
(Rome, Italy)
International Plant Protection Convention
08/11/1991
5
17/06/2003
()
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
--
5
Marine ResourcesRat. DateRelevance
14/05/1966
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
--
3
TimberRat. DateRelevance
26/01/1994
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Tropical Timber Agreement
--
5
 
TAXWeight: 0/10
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
14/12/1956
(Geneva)
Convention on the Taxation of Road Vehicles Engaged in International Goods Transport
--
3
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONSWeight: 9/10
Air transportRat. DateRelevance
28/05/1999
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air
10/11/2003
5
01/03/1991
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection
08/09/1999
3
28/09/1955
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Protocol to amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air
14/12/1963
3
12/10/1929
(Warsaw, Poland)
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air
25/06/1949
5
25/09/1975
(Montreal)
Additional Protocol No 2 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
1
25/09/1975
(Montreal)
Additional Protocol No 3 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
1
25/09/1975
(Montreal, Canada)
Additional Protocol No 4 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air
--
3
10/09/2010
(Beijing)
Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation
--
1
10/09/2010
(Beijing)
Protocol Supplementary to the Convention for the suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
--
1
Aircrafts and civil aviation Rat. DateRelevance
10/05/1984
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 3bis)
06/04/1998
1
23/09/1971
(Montreal)
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airport Serving International Civil Aviation, Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation
26/03/1991
1
06/10/1989
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 56)
06/10/1989
1
14/09/1963
(Tokyo, Japan)
Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft
28/09/1989
3
23/09/1971
(Montreal, Canada)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation
28/03/1973
3
16/12/1970
(The Hague, The Netherlands)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
19/05/1971
3
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
International Air Services Transit Agreement
21/09/1970
5
24/09/1968
(Buenos Aires)
Protocol on the authentic trilingual text of the Convention on international civil aviation
05/01/1970
1
14/06/1954
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 45)
16/12/1969
1
15/09/1962
(Rome)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a))
16/12/1969
1
21/06/1961
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 50 a))
16/12/1969
1
27/05/1947
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 93bis)
16/12/1969
1
14/06/1954
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to Certain Amendments to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a), 49 e) and 61)
16/12/1969
1
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
Convention on International Civil Aviation
08/06/1967
5
02/05/2009
(Montreal)
Convention on Compensation for Damage to Third Parties, Resulting from Acts of Unlawful Interference Involving Aircraft
--
1
07/10/1952
(Rome, Italy)
Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface
--
1
19/06/1948
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the International Recognition of Rights in Aircraft
--
3
18/09/1961
(Guadalajara)
Convention, Supplementary to the Warsaw Convention, for the Unification of Certains Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air Performed by a Person Other than the Contracting Carrier
--
1
07/12/1944
(Chicago, USA)
International Air Transport Agreement
--
1
29/09/1995
(Montreal)
Protocol on the Authentic Quinquelingual Text of the Convention on International Civil Aviation
--
1
29/09/1995
(Montreal)
Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (final clause)
--
1
23/09/1978
(Montreal)
Protocol to Amend the Convention on Damage by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface
--
1
Maritime shipping and load lines Rat. DateRelevance
17/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims
04/07/2005
3
05/10/2001
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships
03/12/2004
1
11/11/1988
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1988 relating to the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966 (LLPROT 1988)
04/06/2004
1
11/11/1988
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1988 Relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974
13/04/2004
3
27/04/1979
(Hamburg, Germany)
International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR)
08/07/1999
1
09/04/1965
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL)
22/04/1999
3
07/02/1986
(Geneva, Switzerland)
United Nations Convention on Conditions for Registration of Ships
27/12/1996
1
01/11/1974
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) 1974
02/11/1983
5
23/06/1969
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Tonnage Measurements of Ships, 1969 (TONNAGE 1969)
14/10/1982
1
07/07/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)
31/03/1982
5
20/10/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG)
29/04/1975
5
05/04/1966
(London, United Kingdom)
International Convention on Load Lines
30/12/1968
5
06/05/1993
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages
--
1
Maritime transportRat. DateRelevance
01/11/2002
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2002 to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
10/12/2013
1
14/10/2005
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2005 to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation
07/10/2010
1
14/10/2005
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 2005 to the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf.
07/10/2010
1
10/03/1988
(Rome, Italy)
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, 1988 (SUA 1988)
08/07/1999
1
10/03/1988
(Rome, Italy)
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf, 1988
08/07/1999
1
17/02/1978
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 as amended. (SOLAS PROT)
02/11/1983
3
13/12/1974
(Athens, Greece)
Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea
--
3
25/08/1924
(Brussels, Belgium)
International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading [Hague Rules]
--
3
21/12/1979
(Brussels)
Protocol (SDR Protocol) amending the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading of 25 August 1924 (The Hague Rules), as amended by the Protocol of 23 February 1968 (Visby Rules)
--
1
29/03/1990
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol of 1990 to amend the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
19/11/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Protocol to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974
--
1
11/12/2008
(Rotterdam)
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea
--
5
31/03/1978
(Hamburg, Germany)
United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea
--
3
Multi modal transport Rat. DateRelevance
24/05/1980
(Geneva, Switzerland)
United Nations Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods
--
1
19/04/1991
(Vienna, Austria)
United Nations Convention on the Liability of Operators of Transport Terminals in International Trade
--
1
Rail transportRat. DateRelevance
03/06/1999
(Vilnius, Lithuania)
Protocol of 3 June 1999 for the Modification of the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF) of 9 May 1980
29/11/2004
3
20/12/1990
(Berne, Switzerland)
Protocol amending the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
17/05/1993
3
09/05/1980
(Berne, Switzerland)
Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
15/07/1982
5
10/01/1952
(Geneva, Switzerland)
International Convention to Facilitate the Crossing of Frontiers for Goods carried by Rail
--
3
Road transportRat. DateRelevance
08/11/1968
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Road Signs and Signals
28/12/1978
5
08/11/1968
(Vienna, Austria)
Convention on Road Traffic
28/12/1978
5
19/05/1956
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
20/10/1977
5
14/12/1956
(Geneva)
Convention on the Taxation of Road Vehicles Engaged in International Goods Transport
--
3
05/07/1978
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Protocol to the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
--
3
SpaceRat. DateRelevance
12/11/1974
(New York, USA)
Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space
11/06/1977
1
29/03/1972
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects
16/05/1972
1
22/04/1968
(London, Washington, Moscow)
Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects launched into outer Space
16/04/1969
0
27/01/1967
(London, United Kingdom)
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
19/04/1967
3
05/12/1979
(New York, USA)
Agreement governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
--
1
TelecommunicationsRat. DateRelevance
03/09/1976
(London, United Kingdom)
Convention on the International Mobile Satellite Organization (Inmarsat), As Amended
15/06/1979
5
21/05/1974
(Brussels, Belgium)
Convention relating to the Distribution of Programme-Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite
--
1
 
TREATIES LAWWeight: 2/10
GeneralRat. DateRelevance
21/03/1986
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations
10/03/1988
3
23/05/1969
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
21/04/1987
5
08/04/1983
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of State Property, Archives and Debts
--
1
23/08/1978
(Vienna, Austria)
Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties
--
3
 
WTOWeight: 10/10
Plurilateral AgreementsRat. DateRelevance
15/04/1994
(Marrakech, Morocco)
Government Procurement Agreement (GPA)
01/01/2007
3
12/04/1979
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Plurilateral Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft
12/04/1979
3
WTO AgreementsRat. DateRelevance
27/11/2014
(Geneva, Switzerland)
Agreement onTrade Facilitation (TFA) of the World Trade Organization (WTO)
05/10/2015
5
15/04/1994
(Marrakech, Marocco)
WTO Agreements
01/01/1996
5
 
Historical Data

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