Convention on the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
- Type: Convention
- Date of signature: 06/03/1948
- Place of signature: Geneva, Switzerland
- Depositary: Secretary-General of the United Nations
- Date of entry into force: 17/03/1958
What is it about?
This Convention establishes the International Maritime Organization (IMO), a permanent international body to cater for the needs of shipping. This instrument provides for IMO’s regulations on, inter alia: its purposes, functions, the procedures to become a Member, the competencies of the internal organs and committees, voting, legal capacity, privileges and immunities.
Why is it relevant?
The International Maritime Organization provides for international cooperation in shipping; it is the main international body dealing with this subject. It organizes cooperation amongst Governments on technical matters affecting shipping, maritime safety, marine pollution, liability and compensation. It also encourages the general adoption of the highest practicable standards in matters concerning maritime safety and efficiency of navigation and the removal of discriminatory action and unnecessary restrictions by Governments. IMO also provides for the drafting of international legal instruments recommending them to Governments and to other international organizations.
IMO does not engage in activities that might be regarded as economic or commercial, limiting itself to technical matters.