Convention and Statute on Freedom of Transit
- Type: Convention
- Date of signature: 20/04/1921
- Place of signature: Barcelona, Spain
- Depositary: Secretary-General of the United Nations
- Date of entry into force: 31/10/1922
What is it about?
This instrument establishes the freedom of transit for persons, baggage, goods, vessels, coaching and other means of transport on the Contracting Parties’ territories. The Contracting Parties must facilitate free territorial movement by rail or by water on the routes appropriate for international transit. Contracting Parties have to refrain from levying taxes and duties on goods for transit, except in cases when the payment relates to a service imposed by the transit. The Contracting Parties are required to refrain from transit related discriminatory measures.
Why is it relevant?
The 1921 Convention secures and maintains freedom of transit.
No State has to grant transit for travellers whose entry on territory is prohibited or for categories of goods barred from import for reasons of public health or safety or out of precaution against animal or plant diseases.
- Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets (Geneva, 14 November 1975)
- Customs Convention on the International Transit of Goods (Convention ITI, Vienna 7 June 1971)
- Convention on Transit Trade of Landlocked States (New York, 8 July 1965).