Protocol relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Pollution by Substances other than Oil
- Type: Convention
- Date of signature: 02/11/1973
- Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
- Depositary: Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organization
- Date of entry into force: 30/03/1983
What is it about?
This instrument supplements the International Convention relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties (Brussels, 29 November 1969). It extends the provisions of the 1969 Convention to ships transporting dangerous substances, such as chemical products, liquefied gas and radioactive materials. The present Protocol of 1973 details measures that can be taken by a State party towards ships in distress and the threat of pollution by such substances. The amendments of 4 July 1991 and 10 July 1996 enlarge the scope of materials covered by the Protocol of 1973.
Why is it relevant?
The Protocol of 1973 provides State parties with tools to protect their territory against pollution caused by hazardous and noxious substances, threatening their fishing and tourism industries as well as public health. It also gives specific rights to State parties concerned by a ship in distress (Flag State, ship owners). The Protocol of 1973 presents the same advantages as the Convention of 29 November 1969, though it enlarges the range of relevant substances.
In 2003, 44 States representing some 50% of world tonnage had ratified the present Protocol.
- International Convention relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties (Brussels, 29 November 1969)