United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
- Type: Convention
- Date of signature: 14/10/1994
- Place of signature: Paris, France
- Depositary: Secretary-General of the United Nations
- Date of entry into force: 26/12/1996
What is it about?
The objective of this Convention is to combat desertification and to mitigate the effects of drought in affected countries. The Convention aims to improve the effectiveness of aid by coordinating the efforts of donors and by encouraging concerned countries to adopt national action plans to combat drought and desertification. Developed countries are required to provide substantial financial resources and to assist developing economies by transferring technology and know-how, while developing countries are held to make the combat against desertification a national priority by adopting effective long-term policies, fighting underlying causes of desertification and promoting awareness among its population. Action programs have to be set up to improve agricultural productivity, the regeneration of soil and to ensure sustainable management of natural resources. Public awareness is essential to all actions taken.
Why is it relevant?
Dealing with a problem affecting mainly developing countries, this instrument attempts to resolve a situation having a detrimental economical and political effect causing migration or poor agricultural output.
A Party Conference was created to monitor the implementation of the Convention. A Secretary to the Convention is headquartered in Bonn, Germany.