Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
- Type: Convention
- Date of signature: 02/03/1883
- Place of signature: Paris, France
- Depositary: World Intellectual Property Organization
- Date of entry into force: 06/07/1884
What is it about?
The Paris Convention is the oldest multilateral treaty for the protection of industrial property. It applies to industrial property rights, including patents, trademarks, industrial designs, utility models, trade names, indications of source, appellations of origin and the repression of unfair competition. The substantive provisions of the Convention fall into three main categories: national treatment, right of priority and common rules. The Convention mandates that each contracting State must grant the same advantages to nationals of other contracting States as it grants to its own nationals in matters related to industrial property. The right of priority in the case of patents means that, on the basis of a regular first application filed in one of the contracting States, the applicant may, within a certain period of time apply for protection in any of the other contracting States; these later applications will then be regarded as if they had been filed on the same day as the first application. In other words, these later applications will have priority over applications that may have been filed during the said period of time by other persons for the same invention, utility model, mark or industrial design.
Why is it relevant?
By becoming a party to this instrument, a State facilitates its nationals in obtaining protection for their inventions in other contracting States. This encourages the transfer of technology to contracting States and creates an economic climate that attracts foreign investments.
The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property was revised on 6 November 1925 at The Hague, on 2 June 1934 in London, on 31 October 1958 in Lisbon and on 14 July 1967 in Stockholm. It was further modified on 28 September 1979. The Assembly, the Executive Committee, and the International Bureau of WIPO carry out the administrative tasks of the Convention. In 2003 the number of patents worldwide was estimated at some 3.7 million. The Paris Convention also created the International Union for Industrial Property.
- Invention Patents
- Patent Law Treaty (Geneva, 1 June 2000)
- Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure (Budapest, 28 April 1977)
- Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification (Strasbourg, 24 March 1971)
- Patent Cooperation Treaty with amendments, (Washington, 19 June 1970) Designs and Models
- Locarno Agreement Establishing an International Classification for Industrial Designs (Locarno, 8 October 1968)
- Hague Agreement concerning the International Registration of Industrial Designs, (6 November 1925) 1. Geneva Act of the Hague Agreement concerning the International Registration of Industrial Designs (1999) 2. Complementary Act of Stockholm (Stockholm, 14 July 1967) 3. Additional Act of Monaco (Monaco, 18 November 1961) Marks
- Patent Law Treaty (Geneva, 27 October 1994)
- Vienna Agreement Establishing an International Classification of the Figurative Elements of Marks (Vienna, 12 June 1973)
- The Nice Agreement Concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks (Nice, 15 June 1957)
- Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks (Madrid, 14 April 1891) 1 Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks (Madrid, 28 June 1989) Appellations of Origin
- Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration (Lisbon, 31 October 1958)
- Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods (Madrid, 14 April 1891) 1. Additional Act to the Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods (Stockholm, 14 July 1967)