International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007 (Nairobi Convention 2007)
- Type: Convention
- Date of signature: 18/05/2007
- Place of signature: Nairobi, Kenya
- Depositary: International Maritime Organization (IMO)
- Date of entry into force: 14/04/2015
What is it about?
The Convention will fill a gap in the existing international legal framework by providing the first set of uniform international rules aimed at ensuring the prompt and effective removal of wrecks located beyond the territorial sea. The new Convention also includes an optional clause enabling State Parties to apply certain provisions to their territory, including their territorial sea.
Why is it relevant?
Although the incidence of marine casualties has decreased dramatically in recent years, mainly thanks to the work of IMO and the persistent efforts of Governments and industry to enhance safety in shipping operations, the number of abandoned wrecks, estimated at almost thirteen hundred worldwide, has reportedly increased and, as a result, the problems they cause to coastal States and shipping in general have, if anything, become more acute. The problems faced by coastal states and shipping in general as a result of abandoned wrecks are three-fold: first, and depending on its location, a wreck may constitute a hazard to navigation, potentially endangering other vessels and their crews; second, and of equal concern, depending on the nature of the cargo, is the potential for a wreck to cause substantial damage to the marine and coastal environments; and third, in an age where goods and services are becoming increasingly expensive, is the issue of the costs involved in the marking and removal of hazardous wrecks. The convention attempts to resolve all of these and other, related, issues.