Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space
- Type: Convention
- Date of signature: 12/11/1974
- Place of signature: New York, USA
- Depositary: Secretary-General of the United Nations
- Date of entry into force: 15/09/1976
What is it about?
This Convention implements the principles set forth in the 1967 Treaty governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and other Celestial Bodies. It provides for the registration of objects launched into outer space through entry into a national registry administrated by launching States. Each launching State has to inform the Secretary General of the United Nations on space objects carried on its registry and launched into space. This obligation to inform implies all stages from the moment of launching until the object exits the earth orbit.
Why is it relevant?
By April 2004, the 1974 Convention was signed by 45 States, resulting in reporting on about 4900 objects, including space debris and satellites out of use. The Convention has a limited impact as not all States with space activities have signed it and those that have do not declare all objects launched.
- Agreement governing the Activities of States on the Moon and other Celestial Bodies (New York, 18 November 1979)
- Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space (London, Moscow, and Washington D.C., 22 April 1968)
- Convention on the International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects (London, Moscow and Washington D.C., 29 March 1972)
- Treaty governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and other Celestial Bodies (London, Moscow and Washington D.C., 27 January 1967)