Botswana

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

Le Botswana, terme tswana signifiant « pays des Tswanas » du nom de l'ethnie principale, en forme longue la République du Botswana, en tswana Lefatshe la Botswana, est un pays d'Afrique australe sans accès à la mer, entouré de l'Afrique du Sud au sud et sud-est, de la Namibie à l'ouest, de la Zambie au nord et du Zimbabwe au nord-est. Les habitants s'appellent les Botswanais.
Autrefois, le protectorat britannique était appelé Bechuanaland. Le Botswana adopta son nom après son indépendance à l'intérieur du Commonwealth le 30 septembre 1966. Sa capitale est Gaborone. Son économie, majoritairement liée à son voisin sud-africain, est dominée par les services (43 % en part du PNB en 1999), les mines (48 %), les industries (4 %) et l'agriculture (5 %). Son taux de transparence est de 6,1 en 2011 (5,4 en 2007) sur une échelle de 10, faisant du Botswana le pays le moins corrompu du continent africain,.
Le pays est régulièrement placé au premier rang des pays africains en matière de gouvernance et de transparence (30e sur 174 pays selon l’Indice 2012 de la perception de la corruption de Transparency International). Ce pays est surnommé « le miracle africain », « l’exception du continent » ou encore « la Suisse de l’Afrique ».


Summary
Instruments ratified: 72 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 30.78%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 35.47%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 148 / 194
Comparative Statistical Analysis
BONNE GOUVERNANCE Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Corruption 2/4 (50.00%) 66.67% 50.00% 34 Strong
Biens culturels 1/4 (25.00%) 31.25% 54.00% 142 Weak
Stupéfiants 3/3 (100.00%) 100.00% 95.00% 1 Weak
Délit d'initié 0/1 0.00% 4.00% 9 Weak
Crime organisé 1/2 (50.00%) 62.50% 80.00% 112 Weak
Total 7 63.46% 68.00% 123 Weak
 
CONTENTIEUX Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Arbitrage 1/6 (16.67%) 25.00% 32.00% 86 Weak
Coopération judiciaire 2/5 (40.00%) 52.63% 36.00% 58 Strong
Reconnaissance des jugements étrangers 0/2 0.00% 2.00% 6 Weak
Compétence judiciaire 0/4 0.00% 14.00% 29 Weak
Procédure judiciaire 0/1 0.00% 6.00% 12 Weak
Immunités des Etats 0/1 0.00% 11.00% 22 Weak
Total 3 30.00% 29.00% 69 Weak
 
CONTRATS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Représentation 0/2 0.00% 2.00% 8 Weak
Conflits de loi 0/7 0.00% 3.00% 27 Weak
Commerce électronique 0/3 0.00% 18.00% 70 Weak
Franchisage 0/1 0.00% 0.00% 1 Average
Leasing/Factoring 0/2 0.00% 5.00% 13 Weak
Principes et usages commerciaux 0/2 0.00% 0.00% 1 Average
Marchés publics 0/4 0.00% 3.00% 31 Weak
Vente de marchandises 0/5 0.00% 25.00% 89 Weak
Contrats de voyage 0/1 0.00% 3.00% 7 Weak
Total 0 0.00% 9.00% 145 Weak
 
DOUANES Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Codification douanière 2/3 (66.67%) 100.00% 78.00% 1 Strong
Coopération douanière 1/6 (16.67%) 33.33% 26.00% 71 Strong
Importation en franchise 0/9 0.00% 30.00% 133 Weak
Importations temporaires 0/11 0.00% 28.00% 126 Weak
Transit 0/4 0.00% 28.00% 98 Weak
Total 3 10.87% 31.00% 135 Weak
 
DROIT DES TRAITéS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Général 0/4 0.00% 30.00% 113 Weak
Total 0 0.00% 30.00% 113 Weak
 
DROITS DE L'HOMME ET NORMES DU TRAVAIL Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Droits de l'homme 7/7 (100.00%) 100.00% 96.00% 1 Weak
Normes du travail 8/8 (100.00%) 100.00% 86.00% 1 Strong
Total 15 100.00% 91.00% 1 Average
 
ENVIRONNEMENT ET PRODUITS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Atmosphère 4/5 (80.00%) 80.00% 86.00% 59 Weak
Produits chimiques 1/1 (100.00%) 100.00% 78.00% 1 Strong
Energie 0/2 0.00% 25.00% 50 Weak
Faune et flore 5/10 (50.00%) 54.35% 68.00% 152 Weak
Produits alimentaires 1/2 (50.00%) 37.50% 79.00% 136 Weak
Général 1/1 (100.00%) 100.00% 95.00% 1 Weak
Cours d'eau internationaux 0/1 0.00% 18.00% 36 Weak
Espaces maritimes et droit de la mer 1/26 (3.85%) 5.43% 46.00% 161 Weak
Zones géographiques protégées 0/1 0.00% 27.00% 54 Weak
Déchets 1/1 (100.00%) 100.00% 93.00% 1 Weak
Total 14 35.42% 61.00% 181 Weak
 
FINANCEMENT, PAIEMENT ET INSOLVABILITé Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Cessions de créances 0/1 0.00% 1.00% 2 Weak
Faillite et insolvabilité 0/1 0.00% 21.00% 41 Weak
Lettres de change et billets à ordre 0/4 0.00% 8.00% 43 Weak
Chèques 0/3 0.00% 13.00% 36 Weak
Virements internationaux 0/1 0.00% 0.00% 1 Average
Sûretés 0/3 0.00% 20.00% 75 Weak
Total 0 0.00% 12.00% 117 Weak
 
INVESTISSEMENTS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Différends en matière d'investissements 1/2 (50.00%) 50.00% 39.00% 2 Strong
Garantie des investissements 1/1 (100.00%) 100.00% 93.00% 1 Weak
Total 2 66.67% 57.00% 2 Strong
 
OMC Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Accords plurilatéraux 0/2 0.00% 18.00% 45 Weak
Accords de l'O.M.C. 1/1 (100.00%) 100.00% 81.00% 1 Strong
Total 1 45.45% 47.00% 45 Weak
 
PARTICIPATION INSTITUTIONNELLE Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Contentieux 0/1 0.00% 39.00% 77 Weak
Droit commercial international 6/10 (60.00%) 60.00% 73.00% 126 Weak
Institutions d'appui au commerce 2/6 (33.33%) 33.33% 51.00% 114 Weak
Total 8 47.06% 63.00% 126 Weak
 
PRODUITS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Ressources marines 0/1 0.00% 24.00% 48 Weak
Bois 0/1 0.00% 31.00% 61 Weak
General 1/1 (100.00%) 100.00% 92.00% 1 Weak
Total 1 38.46% 53.00% 85 Weak
 
PROPRIéTé INTELLECTUELLE Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Radiodiffusion 0/1 0.00% 47.00% 93 Weak
Droit d'auteur 2/3 (66.67%) 90.91% 65.00% 48 Strong
Dessins industriels 1/2 (50.00%) 62.50% 31.00% 37 Strong
Circuits intégrés 0/1 0.00% 2.00% 4 Weak
Droits voisins 1/3 (33.33%) 38.46% 46.00% 85 Weak
Origine 0/3 0.00% 14.00% 51 Weak
Brevets 2/5 (40.00%) 47.62% 57.00% 87 Weak
Marques 1/6 (16.67%) 22.73% 33.00% 86 Weak
Obtentions végétales 0/1 0.00% 37.00% 73 Weak
Total 7 36.84% 42.00% 97 Weak
 
TRANSPORT ET TELECOMMUNICATIONS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Transport aérien 3/7 (42.86%) 61.90% 59.00% 95 Weak
Aéronefs et aviation civile 4/9 (44.44%) 56.00% 74.00% 151 Weak
Transport par navires et lignes de charge 0/13 0.00% 66.00% 167 Weak
Transport maritime 3/12 (25.00%) 20.83% 27.00% 103 Weak
Transport multi modal 0/2 0.00% 4.00% 15 Weak
Transport ferroviaire 0/3 0.00% 22.00% 50 Weak
Transport routier 0/4 0.00% 31.00% 86 Weak
Espace 1/4 (25.00%) 16.67% 40.00% 103 Weak
Télécommunications 0/2 0.00% 47.00% 114 Weak
Total 11 22.30% 50.00% 177 Weak
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
Customs Customs Codification
Customs Customs Cooperation
Dispute resolution Judicial cooperation
Environment and products Chemicals
Good Governance Corruption
Human Rights and Labour Standards Labour Standards
Intellectual property Copyright
Intellectual property Industrial designs
Investments Investment disputes
WTO WTO Agreements
 
Average
Contracts Franchising
Contracts Principles, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvency Credit transfers
 
Weak
Contracts Agency
Contracts Conflict of laws
Contracts E-commerce
Contracts Leasing/Factoring
Contracts Procurement
Contracts Sale of Goods
Contracts Travel contracts
Customs Exemption from Duties
Customs Temporary Admission
Customs Transit
Dispute resolution Arbitration
Dispute resolution Recognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolution State court jurisdiction
Dispute resolution State court procedure
Dispute resolution State immunities
Environment and products Air
Environment and products Energy
Environment and products Flora and fauna
Environment and products Foodstuff
Environment and products General
Environment and products International watercourses
Environment and products Maritime and Law of the Sea
Environment and products Protected geographical areas
Environment and products Waste
Finance, payments and insolvency Assignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvency Bankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvency Bills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvency Cheques
Finance, payments and insolvency International guarantees
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Drugs
Good Governance Insider Trading
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour Standards Human rights
Institutional Participation Dispute Resolution
Institutional Participation International Trade Law
Institutional Participation Trade support institutions
Intellectual property Broadcasting
Intellectual property Integrated circuits
Intellectual property Neighboring Rights
Intellectual property Origin
Intellectual property Patents
Intellectual property Trademarks
Intellectual property Varieties of plants
Investments Investment guaranty
Products General
Products Marine Resources
Products Timber
Transport and telecommunications Air transport
Transport and telecommunications Aircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunications Maritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunications Maritime transport
Transport and telecommunications Multi modal transport
Transport and telecommunications Rail transport
Transport and telecommunications Road transport
Transport and telecommunications Space
Transport and telecommunications Telecommunications
Treaties law General
WTO Plurilateral Agreements
Instruments ratifications

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