Botswana

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

Le Botswana, terme tswana signifiant « pays des Tswanas » du nom de l'ethnie principale, en forme longue la République du Botswana, en tswana Lefatshe la Botswana, est un pays d'Afrique australe sans accès à la mer, entouré de l'Afrique du Sud au sud et sud-est, de la Namibie à l'ouest, de la Zambie au nord et du Zimbabwe au nord-est. Les habitants s'appellent les Botswanais.
Autrefois, le protectorat britannique était appelé Bechuanaland. Le Botswana adopta son nom après son indépendance à l'intérieur du Commonwealth le 30 septembre 1966. Sa capitale est Gaborone. Son économie, majoritairement liée à son voisin sud-africain, est dominée par les services (43 % en part du PNB en 1999), les mines (48 %), les industries (4 %) et l'agriculture (5 %). Son taux de transparence est de 6,1 en 2011 (5,4 en 2007) sur une échelle de 10, faisant du Botswana le pays le moins corrompu du continent africain,.
Le pays est régulièrement placé au premier rang des pays africains en matière de gouvernance et de transparence (30e sur 174 pays selon l’Indice 2012 de la perception de la corruption de Transparency International). Ce pays est surnommé « le miracle africain », « l’exception du continent » ou encore « la Suisse de l’Afrique ».


Summary
Instruments ratified: 72 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 30.78%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 35.47%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 148 / 194
Comparative Statistical Analysis
BONNE GOUVERNANCEInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Corruption2/4 (50.00%)66.67%50.00%34Strong
Biens culturels1/4 (25.00%)31.25%54.00%142Weak
Stupéfiants3/3 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Délit d'initié0/10.00%4.00%9Weak
Crime organisé1/2 (50.00%)62.50%80.00%112Weak
Total763.46%68.00%123Weak
 
CONTENTIEUXInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Arbitrage1/6 (16.67%)25.00%32.00%86Weak
Coopération judiciaire2/5 (40.00%)52.63%36.00%58Strong
Reconnaissance des jugements étrangers0/20.00%2.00%6Weak
Compétence judiciaire0/40.00%14.00%29Weak
Procédure judiciaire0/10.00%6.00%12Weak
Immunités des Etats 0/10.00%11.00%22Weak
Total330.00%29.00%69Weak
 
CONTRATSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Représentation0/20.00%2.00%8Weak
Conflits de loi0/70.00%3.00%27Weak
Commerce électronique0/30.00%18.00%70Weak
Franchisage0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Leasing/Factoring0/20.00%5.00%13Weak
Principes et usages commerciaux0/20.00%0.00%1Average
Marchés publics0/40.00%3.00%31Weak
Vente de marchandises0/50.00%25.00%89Weak
Contrats de voyage0/10.00%3.00%7Weak
Total00.00%9.00%145Weak
 
DOUANESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Codification douanière2/3 (66.67%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Coopération douanière1/6 (16.67%)33.33%26.00%71Strong
Importation en franchise0/90.00%30.00%133Weak
Importations temporaires0/110.00%28.00%126Weak
Transit0/40.00%28.00%98Weak
Total310.87%31.00%135Weak
 
DROIT DES TRAITéSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Général0/40.00%30.00%113Weak
Total00.00%30.00%113Weak
 
DROITS DE L'HOMME ET NORMES DU TRAVAILInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Droits de l'homme7/7 (100.00%)100.00%96.00%1Weak
Normes du travail8/8 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Total15100.00%91.00%1Average
 
ENVIRONNEMENT ET PRODUITS Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Atmosphère4/5 (80.00%)80.00%86.00%59Weak
Produits chimiques1/1 (100.00%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Energie0/20.00%25.00%50Weak
Faune et flore5/10 (50.00%)54.35%68.00%152Weak
Produits alimentaires1/2 (50.00%)37.50%79.00%136Weak
Général1/1 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Cours d'eau internationaux0/10.00%18.00%36Weak
Espaces maritimes et droit de la mer 1/26 (3.85%)5.43%46.00%161Weak
Zones géographiques protégées 0/10.00%27.00%54Weak
Déchets1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total1435.42%61.00%181Weak
 
FINANCEMENT, PAIEMENT ET INSOLVABILITéInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Cessions de créances0/10.00%1.00%2Weak
Faillite et insolvabilité0/10.00%21.00%41Weak
Lettres de change et billets à ordre0/40.00%8.00%43Weak
Chèques0/30.00%13.00%36Weak
Virements internationaux0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Sûretés0/30.00%20.00%75Weak
Total00.00%12.00%117Weak
 
INVESTISSEMENTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Différends en matière d'investissements1/2 (50.00%)50.00%39.00%2Strong
Garantie des investissements1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total266.67%57.00%2Strong
 
OMCInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Accords plurilatéraux0/20.00%18.00%45Weak
Accords de l'O.M.C.1/1 (100.00%)100.00%81.00%1Strong
Total145.45%47.00%45Weak
 
PARTICIPATION INSTITUTIONNELLE Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Contentieux0/10.00%39.00%77Weak
Droit commercial international 6/10 (60.00%)60.00%73.00%126Weak
Institutions d'appui au commerce2/6 (33.33%)33.33%51.00%114Weak
Total847.06%63.00%126Weak
 
PRODUITSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Ressources marines0/10.00%24.00%48Weak
Bois0/10.00%31.00%61Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%92.00%1Weak
Total138.46%53.00%85Weak
 
PROPRIéTé INTELLECTUELLEInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Radiodiffusion0/10.00%47.00%93Weak
Droit d'auteur2/3 (66.67%)90.91%65.00%48Strong
Dessins industriels 1/2 (50.00%)62.50%31.00%37Strong
Circuits intégrés0/10.00%2.00%4Weak
Droits voisins 1/3 (33.33%)38.46%46.00%85Weak
Origine0/30.00%14.00%51Weak
Brevets2/5 (40.00%)47.62%57.00%87Weak
Marques1/6 (16.67%)22.73%33.00%86Weak
Obtentions végétales0/10.00%37.00%73Weak
Total736.84%42.00%97Weak
 
TRANSPORT ET TELECOMMUNICATIONSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Transport aérien 3/7 (42.86%)61.90%59.00%95Weak
Aéronefs et aviation civile 4/9 (44.44%)56.00%74.00%151Weak
Transport par navires et lignes de charge 0/130.00%66.00%167Weak
Transport maritime3/12 (25.00%)20.83%27.00%103Weak
Transport multi modal0/20.00%4.00%15Weak
Transport ferroviaire0/30.00%22.00%50Weak
Transport routier0/40.00%31.00%86Weak
Espace1/4 (25.00%)16.67%40.00%103Weak
Télécommunications 0/20.00%47.00%114Weak
Total1122.30%50.00%177Weak
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
CustomsCustoms Codification
CustomsCustoms Cooperation
Dispute resolutionJudicial cooperation
Environment and productsChemicals
Good Governance Corruption
Human Rights and Labour StandardsLabour Standards
Intellectual propertyCopyright
Intellectual propertyIndustrial designs
InvestmentsInvestment disputes
WTOWTO Agreements
 
Average
ContractsFranchising
ContractsPrinciples, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvencyCredit transfers
 
Weak
ContractsAgency
ContractsConflict of laws
ContractsE-commerce
ContractsLeasing/Factoring
ContractsProcurement
ContractsSale of Goods
ContractsTravel contracts
CustomsExemption from Duties
CustomsTemporary Admission
CustomsTransit
Dispute resolutionArbitration
Dispute resolutionRecognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolutionState court jurisdiction
Dispute resolutionState court procedure
Dispute resolutionState immunities
Environment and productsAir
Environment and productsEnergy
Environment and productsFlora and fauna
Environment and productsFoodstuff
Environment and productsGeneral
Environment and productsInternational watercourses
Environment and productsMaritime and Law of the Sea
Environment and productsProtected geographical areas
Environment and productsWaste
Finance, payments and insolvencyAssignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvencyBankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvencyBills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvencyCheques
Finance, payments and insolvencyInternational guarantees
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Drugs
Good Governance Insider Trading
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour StandardsHuman rights
Institutional ParticipationDispute Resolution
Institutional ParticipationInternational Trade Law
Institutional ParticipationTrade support institutions
Intellectual propertyBroadcasting
Intellectual propertyIntegrated circuits
Intellectual propertyNeighboring Rights
Intellectual propertyOrigin
Intellectual propertyPatents
Intellectual propertyTrademarks
Intellectual propertyVarieties of plants
InvestmentsInvestment guaranty
ProductsGeneral
ProductsMarine Resources
ProductsTimber
Transport and telecommunicationsAir transport
Transport and telecommunicationsAircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMulti modal transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRail transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRoad transport
Transport and telecommunicationsSpace
Transport and telecommunicationsTelecommunications
Treaties lawGeneral
WTOPlurilateral Agreements
Instruments ratifications

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