Uzbekistan

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

Uzbekistan (US: , UK: ), officially the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzbek: Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi, Ўзбекистон Республикаси, وزبېکىستان رېسپۇبلیکەسی; Azerbaijani: Özbəkistan Respublikası; Russian: Республика Узбекистан), is one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world. Located in Central Asia, it is a secular, unitary constitutional republic, comprising 12 provinces, one autonomous republic, and a capital city. Uzbekistan is bordered by five landlocked countries: Kazakhstan to the north; Tajikistan to the southeast; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Afghanistan to the south; and Turkmenistan to the southwest.
What is now Uzbekistan was in ancient times part of the predominantly Persian-speaking region of Transoxiana, with cities such as Samarkand growing rich from the Silk Road. The area was later conquered by a succession of invaders including the Arab Caliphate and Turkic states such as the Göktürk Khaganate, after which it was laid waste by the Mongols. The city of Shahrisabz was the birthplace of Timur. The region was conquered in the early 16th century by Eastern Turkic-speaking nomads, and was gradually incorporated into the Russian Empire during the 19th century. In 1924, the constituent republic of the Soviet Union known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR) was created. Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, it declared independence as the Republic of Uzbekistan on 31 August 1991 (officially celebrated the following day).
Uzbekistan has a diverse cultural heritage due to its storied history and strategic location. Its official language is Uzbek, a Turkic language written in the Latin alphabet and spoken natively by approximately 85% of the population. Russian has widespread use; it is the most widely taught second language. Uzbeks constitute 81% of the population, followed by Russians (5.4%), Tajiks (4.0%), Kazakhs (3.0%), and others (6.5%). A majority of Uzbeks are non-denominational Muslims. Uzbekistan is a member of the CIS, OSCE, UN, and the SCO. While officially a democratic republic, by 2008 non-governmental human rights organizations defined Uzbekistan as "an authoritarian state with limited civil rights". Following the death of Islam Karimov in 2016, the next president — Shavkat Mirziyoyev — abolished cotton slavery, exit visas, as well as amnestied many political prisoners during his first year of presidency.
Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, and natural gas. Despite the declared objective of transition to a market economy, its government continues to maintain economic controls which imports in favour of domestic "import substitution".


Summary
Instruments ratified: 78 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 27.36%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 31.26%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 169 / 194
Central Asia rank: 4 / 5
Central Asia Avg. Ratifications: 90 / 282
Landlocked developing countries rank: 27 / 32
Landlocked developing countries Avg. Ratifications: 86 / 282
Transition economy rank: 27 / 28
Transition economy Avg. Ratifications: 141 / 282
Comparative Statistical Analysis
CONTRACTS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Agency 0/2 0.00% 2.00% 8 Weak
Conflict of laws 0/7 0.00% 3.00% 27 Weak
E-commerce 0/3 0.00% 18.00% 70 Weak
Franchising 0/1 0.00% 0.00% 1 Average
Leasing/Factoring 1/2 (50.00%) 50.00% 5.00% 8 Strong
Principles, trade usages and standards 0/2 0.00% 0.00% 1 Average
Procurement 1/4 (25.00%) 21.43% 3.00% 1 Strong
Sale of Goods 1/5 (20.00%) 45.45% 25.00% 29 Strong
Travel contracts 0/1 0.00% 3.00% 7 Weak
Total 3 15.94% 9.00% 31 Strong
 
CUSTOMS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Customs Codification 2/3 (66.67%) 100.00% 78.00% 1 Strong
Customs Cooperation 1/6 (16.67%) 6.67% 26.00% 112 Weak
Exemption from Duties 2/9 (22.22%) 22.22% 30.00% 92 Weak
Temporary Admission 1/11 (9.09%) 8.82% 28.00% 114 Weak
Transit 2/4 (50.00%) 54.55% 28.00% 42 Strong
Total 8 22.83% 31.00% 104 Weak
 
DISPUTE RESOLUTION Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Arbitration 1/6 (16.67%) 25.00% 32.00% 86 Weak
Judicial cooperation 2/5 (40.00%) 31.58% 36.00% 71 Weak
Recognition of foreign judgments 0/2 0.00% 2.00% 6 Weak
State court jurisdiction 0/4 0.00% 14.00% 29 Weak
State court procedure 0/1 0.00% 6.00% 12 Weak
State immunities 0/1 0.00% 11.00% 22 Weak
Total 3 22.00% 29.00% 90 Weak
 
ENVIRONMENT AND PRODUCTS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Air 4/5 (80.00%) 80.00% 86.00% 59 Weak
Chemicals 0/1 0.00% 78.00% 152 Weak
Energy 2/2 (100.00%) 100.00% 25.00% 1 Strong
Flora and fauna 3/10 (30.00%) 32.61% 68.00% 185 Weak
Foodstuff 1/2 (50.00%) 37.50% 79.00% 136 Weak
General 0/1 0.00% 95.00% 185 Weak
International watercourses 1/1 (100.00%) 100.00% 18.00% 1 Strong
Maritime and Law of the Sea 0/26 0.00% 46.00% 182 Weak
Protected geographical areas 0/1 0.00% 27.00% 54 Weak
Waste 1/1 (100.00%) 100.00% 93.00% 1 Weak
Total 12 23.96% 61.00% 189 Weak
 
FINANCE, PAYMENTS AND INSOLVENCY Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Assignment of receivables 0/1 0.00% 1.00% 2 Weak
Bankruptcy and insolvency 0/1 0.00% 21.00% 41 Weak
Bills of exchange and promissory notes 0/4 0.00% 8.00% 43 Weak
Cheques 0/3 0.00% 13.00% 36 Weak
Credit transfers 0/1 0.00% 0.00% 1 Average
International guarantees 0/3 0.00% 20.00% 75 Weak
Total 0 0.00% 12.00% 117 Weak
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Corruption 1/4 (25.00%) 41.67% 50.00% 92 Weak
Cultural Property 2/4 (50.00%) 50.00% 54.00% 61 Weak
Drugs 3/3 (100.00%) 100.00% 95.00% 1 Weak
Insider Trading 0/1 0.00% 4.00% 9 Weak
Organized crime 1/2 (50.00%) 62.50% 80.00% 112 Weak
Total 7 63.46% 68.00% 123 Weak
 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOUR STANDARDS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Human Rights 6/7 (85.71%) 85.71% 96.00% 143 Weak
Labour Standards 1/8 (12.50%) 12.50% 86.00% 178 Weak
Total 7 46.67% 91.00% 178 Weak
 
INSTITUTIONAL PARTICIPATION Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Dispute Resolution 0/1 0.00% 39.00% 77 Weak
International Trade Law 5/10 (50.00%) 50.00% 73.00% 163 Weak
Trade support institutions 3/6 (50.00%) 50.00% 51.00% 82 Weak
Total 8 47.06% 63.00% 126 Weak
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Broadcasting 0/1 0.00% 47.00% 93 Weak
Copyright 1/3 (33.33%) 45.45% 65.00% 112 Weak
Industrial designs 1/2 (50.00%) 37.50% 31.00% 64 Strong
Integrated circuits 0/1 0.00% 2.00% 4 Weak
Neighboring Rights 0/3 0.00% 46.00% 120 Weak
Origin 0/3 0.00% 14.00% 51 Weak
Patents 5/5 (100.00%) 100.00% 57.00% 1 Strong
Trademarks 3/6 (50.00%) 59.09% 33.00% 46 Strong
Varieties of plants 1/1 (100.00%) 100.00% 37.00% 1 Strong
Total 11 49.47% 42.00% 75 Strong
 
INVESTMENTS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Investment disputes 1/2 (50.00%) 50.00% 39.00% 2 Strong
Investment guaranty 1/1 (100.00%) 100.00% 93.00% 1 Weak
Total 2 66.67% 57.00% 2 Strong
 
PRODUCTS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Marine Resources 0/1 0.00% 24.00% 48 Weak
Timber 0/1 0.00% 31.00% 61 Weak
General 0/1 0.00% 92.00% 179 Weak
Total 0 0.00% 53.00% 180 Weak
 
TRANSPORT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Air transport 4/7 (57.14%) 66.67% 59.00% 88 Strong
Aircrafts and civil aviation 6/9 (66.67%) 88.00% 74.00% 37 Strong
Maritime shipping and load lines 0/13 0.00% 66.00% 167 Weak
Maritime transport 2/12 (16.67%) 8.33% 27.00% 153 Weak
Multi modal transport 0/2 0.00% 4.00% 15 Weak
Rail transport 0/3 0.00% 22.00% 50 Weak
Road transport 4/4 (100.00%) 100.00% 31.00% 1 Strong
Space 0/4 0.00% 40.00% 120 Weak
Telecommunications 0/2 0.00% 47.00% 114 Weak
Total 16 37.84% 50.00% 143 Weak
 
TREATIES LAW Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
General 1/4 (25.00%) 41.67% 30.00% 41 Strong
Total 1 41.67% 30.00% 41 Strong
 
WTO Inst. ratified Country score World avg. score Country rank in world Strength
Plurilateral Agreements 0/2 0.00% 18.00% 45 Weak
WTO Agreements 0/1 0.00% 81.00% 159 Weak
Total 0 0.00% 47.00% 159 Weak
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
Contracts Leasing/Factoring
Contracts Procurement
Contracts Sale of Goods
Customs Customs Codification
Customs Transit
Environment and products Energy
Environment and products International watercourses
Intellectual property Industrial designs
Intellectual property Patents
Intellectual property Trademarks
Intellectual property Varieties of plants
Investments Investment disputes
Transport and telecommunications Air transport
Transport and telecommunications Aircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunications Road transport
Treaties law General
 
Average
Contracts Franchising
Contracts Principles, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvency Credit transfers
 
Weak
Contracts Agency
Contracts Conflict of laws
Contracts E-commerce
Contracts Travel contracts
Customs Customs Cooperation
Customs Exemption from Duties
Customs Temporary Admission
Dispute resolution Arbitration
Dispute resolution Judicial cooperation
Dispute resolution Recognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolution State court jurisdiction
Dispute resolution State court procedure
Dispute resolution State immunities
Environment and products Air
Environment and products Chemicals
Environment and products Flora and fauna
Environment and products Foodstuff
Environment and products General
Environment and products Maritime and Law of the Sea
Environment and products Protected geographical areas
Environment and products Waste
Finance, payments and insolvency Assignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvency Bankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvency Bills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvency Cheques
Finance, payments and insolvency International guarantees
Good Governance Corruption
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Drugs
Good Governance Insider Trading
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour Standards Human rights
Human Rights and Labour Standards Labour Standards
Institutional Participation Dispute Resolution
Institutional Participation International Trade Law
Institutional Participation Trade support institutions
Intellectual property Broadcasting
Intellectual property Copyright
Intellectual property Integrated circuits
Intellectual property Neighboring Rights
Intellectual property Origin
Investments Investment guaranty
Products General
Products Marine Resources
Products Timber
Transport and telecommunications Maritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunications Maritime transport
Transport and telecommunications Multi modal transport
Transport and telecommunications Rail transport
Transport and telecommunications Space
Transport and telecommunications Telecommunications
WTO Plurilateral Agreements
WTO WTO Agreements
Instruments ratifications

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Historical Data

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